The bones of the skeleton provide structure to the body and serve as a _________ to hold up the body and maintain proper positioning of some organs. The center cavity of the diaphysis of a long bone is called the __________. The diaphysis takes the brunt of the force a long bone must support, and is made up primarily of compact bone -- a dense, strong bone composed of minerals, including calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, as hard as many types of rock. The axial skeleton includes the. Which of the following tissues is not found as part of a long bone? Blank Human Body Organs Sheet. The internal mark in the bone left behind by the closed epiphyseal plate is called the ___________ ______. What do we mean by an 'articulation'? Williams H.S. The quiz above includes the following questions : 1. The hormone _______ influences both resorption and deposition of bone. Red bone marrow is important in the production of new bone cells. The hardness of bone comes from __________, whereas __________ provide(s) some degree of flexibility. At each end of the bone, at the site of the synovial joint, is an area called epiphysis. Expert answer 100 11 ratings. Correctly label the following parts of bone cells. The most common bone disease is __________. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. Red bone marrow fills the spaces between the spongy bone in some long bones. NEW! This problem has been solved! To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Skeletal system diagrams are illustrations of the human skeleton, used mostly for educational purposes or in presentations. The __________ contains hydrogen pumps that lead to the formation of hydrochloric acid, which is used to dissolve bone minerals in a process called __________. The shaft refers to the elongated sections of long bone, and the neck the segment between the head and shaft (or body). Enlarged terminal part of the bone, nearest the center of the body, made of spongy tissue and articulating with neighboring bones. Part 1: Directional terms, Planes, Body Cavities Lab Materials: male & female surface landmarks models, various models, textbook Lab Activities: Use models and charts to learn directional terms, planes and body cavities. Arteriosclerosis is one example of ectopic ossification, which means __________. Blood Ca2+ deficiency stimulates __________ secretion, which leads to __________. C1 is termed the Atlas and C2 the Axis. Which of the following is not a function of parathyroid hormone (PTH)? The ulna is one of two bones that give structure to the forearm. Spicules and trabeculae are found in __________. Part I: Anatomical Directions: 1. Correctly label the following parts of the strata of the epidermis. Expert Answer 100% (12 ratings) The outside of the flat bone consists of a layer of connective tissue called the periosteum. Dermis, Stratum granulosum, Stratum corneum, Stratum basale, Stratum spinosum: Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. The process of dissolving bone and returning its minerals to the bloodstream is known as _________. & … Label diagram and define each of the following anatomical directional terms. It looks like your browser needs an update. The skeletal system helps maintain acid-base balance by __________. At the juncture between the two is an area called the metaphysis. Calcium plays an essential role in all of the following except _________. Bone protrudes through the skin in a fracture called __________. Unformatted text preview: 5. Correctly label the following parts of bone cells. Mineralization is a process that extracts __________ and __________ from the blood plasma and deposits it into bone. In the anatomical position the subject stands. It contains the connecting cartilage enabling the bone to grow and disappears at adulthood. Adjust credit for all students. Label the structures of the pelvis and determine which is a male pelvis and which is a female pelvis. © 2003-2020 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. The most active form of ___________ is called calcitriol. The result of blood calcium and phosphate levels being too low for normal deposition is a softness of the bones called __________ in children and __________ in adults. Periosteum Spongy bone Compact bone Red bone marrow Yellow bone marrow Epiphysis Marrow cavity Articular cartilage Diaphysis Diaphysis Site of endosteum Epiphyseal line Epiphyseal line Spongy bone Epiphysis Articular cartilage, anatomy and physiology questions and answers. The end of the long bone is the epiphysis and the shaft is the diaphysis. A __________ will form and will turn into granulation tissue at the site of injury. Most bones of the limbs are long bones. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. marrow Yellow Articular foramen Nutrient cavity Marrow line Epiphyseal marrow bone Red cartilage Articular cartilage Red bone marrow Articular cartilage Epiphyseal line Red bone marrow Marrow cavity Epiphyseal line Yellow bone marrow Periosteum Marrow cavity Diaphysis Yellow bone marrow Site of endosteum Nutrient foramen Compact bone Periosteum Nutrient foramen Epiphysis Zoom Explanation… 5. It is a cylindrical shaft-like bone that has a flattened distal end and a rounded articular surface of the proximal end. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) binds to receptors on osteoblasts. Vitamin D stimulates absorption of dietary calcium from the __________ system. When ____________ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called _____________. The first few crystals that form attract more calcium and phosphate. There are four main categories of bones: long, short, irregular, and flat. This problem has been solved. Epiphysis - It is the end portion of the long bone. The bone on the left in the image is the : 3. The largest part of any long bone is the long cylindrical middle, called the diaphysis. hydroxyapatite and other minerals; proteins. The ulna is located on the opposite side of the forearm from the thumb. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. Terms Label number 1 in the diagram indicates which part of the bone? Which one of the following bone cells would have the greatest number of lysosomes? Correctly label the following parts of bone cells.-osteogenic cell-rough ER-secretory Vesicles-Nucelus-Mitochondrion-Osteoblast-Osteocyte. The storage or release of buffering compounds works to aid the body in ______ _____ balance. If the __________ component of bone is not in adequate amounts, the flexibility of bone will be compromised. 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