The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations, to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the, It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century, Perseus is best spotted in the northern hemisphere’s fall and winter sky. It was first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Messier, The California Nebula captured using a 135mm Camera Lens (Rokinon 135mm F/2). And check out these free astronomy apps you can download on your phone. It consists of a giant star of the spectral type B1 and a dwarf belonging to the class B3. in the constellation of Perseus. Although there are many stars within the constellation of Perseus, there are roughly 17 stars that constitute the outline of the constellation. 10 Best Places To Visit in Ethiopia. Perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40° north in declination. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west.. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees. Rho Persei is visible to the naked eye. Theta Persei is a star system composed of a yellow dwarf of the spectral type F7V and a red dwarf belonging to the class M1V, located about 250 astronomical units from the primary star. The discovery of Algol’s binary nature and a closer look at its components shook one of the fundamental beliefs in stellar evolution, which says that stars’ rates of evolution depend on their mass. Rho Persei is classified as a semiregular Mu Cephei type variable star. The celestial hero Perseus boarders the constellations Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy to the west. The Latin genitive of the constellation name is "Persei" (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiaɪ) Beta Persei is also referred to as Algol, from the Arabic Ra’s al-Ghul, meaning The Demon’s Head. The brighter dwarf has an apparent magnitude of 4.12 and the companion of 10. Even though Algol A is more massive, it is still on the main sequence, while Algol B is less massive yet already in the subgiant evolutionary stage. (like Perseus actually is) these times can have little relevance. If you live in the Northern Hemisphere, simply look above the northeastern horizon to … Eta Persei belongs to the spectral class K3 and is approximately 1331 light-years distant from the solar system. and Index Catalogue (IC). The, It is one of the most reliable celestial shows that has been observed for about 2,000 years. Iota Persei is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type G0 V.  It has a visual magnitude of 4.05 and is 34.38 light-years distant from the Sun. Menkib belongs to the spectral class O7.5III. Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). It is one of the most reliable celestial shows that has been observed for about 2,000 years. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Perseus (constellation) This page was last changed on 17 November 2014, at 12:13. Each year the Perseid meteor shower appears to radiate from the Perseus constellation during the months of July through August. In case of very large constellations The constellation resides in a part of the sky where much of the royal family now lives. Perseus constellation star map. The constellation Cassiopeia is M- or W-shaped, ascending in the northeast on Northern Hemisphere autumn evenings. They can be seen all across the sky; however, because of the shower's radiant in the constellation of Perseus, the Perseids are primarily visible in the Northern Hemisphere. Click on each star to see more details about it. The Kappa Persei system consists of a spectroscopic binary star and a companion in a wider orbit. Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It's the center from which the annual Perseid meteor shower, a midsummer spectacle in the Northern Hemisphere, radiates. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus.. It is located near several other constellations named after ancient Greek legends surrounding Perseus, including Andromeda to the west and Cassiopeia to the north. The Alpha Persei Cluster is an open star cluster in Perseus. The table below is a complete list of all the 152 deep sky objects belonging to the Messier, New General Catalogue (NGC) and Index Catalogue (IC) catalogues that are present in the Perseus constellation. Gamma Persei is a double star with a combined visual magnitude of 2.93, approximately 243 light-years distant from Earth. The brightest component is a blue-white main-sequence star of spectral type B8V, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the Sun. It has a visual magnitude of 3.76 and is about 35,000 times more luminous than the Sun. See also the complete approximately placed at the center of the constellation. Their ages are estimated at 3.2 and 5.6 million years making them young. It is a K0 III class star with a visual magnitude of 3.8. The Perseids are associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle, a periodic comet that has an orbital period of about 133 years. Notable Deep Sky Objects. Perseus constellation is one of the larger constellations, the 24 th out of the 88 modern constellations. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. Perseus is a northern constellation which appears highest in the evening sky in the months around November. Cassiopeia: The Most Beautiful Constellation To The Night Sky. NGC 1275 consists of two galaxies. It can be found in NQ1, the first quadrant in the northern hemisphere. There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . However, only two of these are prominent from light-polluted locations: Mirfak and Algol . The debris comes into our atmosphere at 133,200 mph (214,400 km per hour) and burns up forming the meteor shower. It is about 47,000 times more luminous than the Sun. September is the best time of year to observe a number of interesting deep sky objects located in these constellations. The astrophotography cameras I use vary, from a DSLR camera to a one-shot-color dedicated astronomy camera. Zeta Persei is a blue-white, passes through Perseus but is much less obvious than elsewhere in the sky as it is mostly obscured by, is a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy and stretches across the sky from the constellation. Origin: Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. The primary star in the system is classified as a Beta Cephei. Location: Greenwich, United Kingdom [change] Omicron Persei is another spectroscopic double in Perseus. It is also known as Messier 76, the Cork Nebula, and the Barbell Nebula. NGC 1260 is a spiral galaxy. Perseus is one of the oldest constellations, having been cataloged by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the second century, and it has more than one attraction for stargazers. As such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere. It could be seen throughout the year between +90° and -35°. This is because the more massive star-filled its Roche lobe when it became a subgiant and most of its mass was transferred to the other star. https://sciencing.com/find-perseus-constellation-4486303.html The Perseus Constellation is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, and it stretches for 615 square degrees. It is the fourth brightest star in Perseus. Its two brightest stars are Mirfak and Algol. Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. As such, it is more easily visible from the northern hemisphere. The … Deep sky objects in Perseus - Full list. The star’s estimated age is about 440 million years. The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. list of 161 stars brighter than magnitude 6.5 (approximate) Photo by Trevor Jones. Perseus follows Cassiopeia … Alternatively it is possible to locate Perseus in the night sky using It is an emission nebula in Perseus, about 1000 light-years distant. Wikipedia. The two stars are suspected to be physically associated because they share the same proper motion and are on a similar trajectory. Within the Perseus Arm lies two open clusters (, have been discovered in this cluster due to its age; since brown dwarfs cool as they age, it is easier to find them in younger clusters, In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from, AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials 2020. The star has a 9th magnitude companion located 12.9 arc seconds away. The two main components in the Epsilon Persei system orbit each other with a period of 14 days. It is notable for being home to supernova SN 2006gy, a supernova event in 2006 that was the second brightest object ever recorded. However, it has a third member making it a triple star system. The constellation Perseus is shown in the image and parts of last months Cassiopeiaright above (). This makes it the 24th largest constellation in the night sky. For instance: Perseus, the Hero: Per: Persei: Sky Chart and Artist Rendering of Perseus. Here we provide a simplified sky chart of the Perseus constellation. The star’s traditional name, Gorgonea Tertia, refers to the myth of Perseus and the Gorgons. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -35°. They are 7,600 and 6,800 light-years distant from each other making them relatively close to each other in space. Psi Persei is a shell star, which means that it is surrounded by a disc of gas at the equator line. NGC 1275 is the dominant galaxy in the Perseus Cluster. The California Nebula got its name because it resembles the outline of California on a map in long exposure photographs. It could be seen throughout the year between +90° and -35°. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and is part of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). by IAU and Sky & Telescope magazine (Roger Sinnott & Rick Fienberg) CC-BY-3.0. It is one of the most difficult objects to observe included in Messier’s catalog. In fact, by the 19th century the night sky had become crowded with overlapping and often contradictory constellation boundaries and names as different schools of astronomy prepared their own versions of star maps. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is a planetary nebula in Perseus. NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula and a star-forming region in Perseus, located in the Perseus molecular cloud. and it is used to identify some of the brightest stars in this constellation based on the Bayer or Flamsteed star naming convention. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the night sky and it lies in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere. α Persei (the brightest star of Perseus based on the Bayer catalog); or The Little Dumbbell Nebula is 2.7 x 1.8 arc minutes in size. In the case of the Perseids, the radiant lies in the constellation Perseus in the northern sky. In the Northern Hemisphere, look to the fall and winter sky after sundown, and you'll see the Perseus constellation. Your guide to the Solar System and the night sky. Mirfak (Algenib) – α Persei (Alpha Persei). (in fact it extends itself for about 38 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. The galaxy is a powerful source of radio emission and x-rays, and is believed to have a supermassive black hole at its centre. For tips on capturing deep-sky objects in the night sky like the ones shown on this page, please visit the get started page of this website. The star’s traditional names, Mirfak or Algenib, is Arabic for elbow. It is bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Camelopardalis and Cassiopeia to the north, and Andromeda and Triangulum to the west. Perseus is a mid-sized constellation with a total area of 615 square degrees. Other bright members of the cluster include Delta, Epsilon, and Psi Persei. The star belongs to the spectral type M4 II, which means that it has reached the asymptotic giant branch stage of evolution, and is near the tip of the red giant branch. The Perseus Constellation Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus. The x-rays are believed to be the result of the two components’ magnetic fields interacting with the mass transfer, and the radio waves are suspected to have been created by magnetic cycles and the result of the stars’ magnetic fields being up to ten times stronger than that of the Sun. Its traditional name, Menkib, means “the shoulder” in Arabic. The primary component is a main-sequence star belonging to the spectral type B0.5V. This constellation image is derivatve work based on original work Longitude: 0° 00’ 00” E It is the the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. From mid-northern latitudes, the constellation Perseus, the stars Capella and Aldebaran, and the Pleiades cluster light up the northeast sky in the wee hours after midnight on … (AU)—five percent of the distance between the Earth and Sun; the main dip in brightness arises when the larger fainter companion passes in front of the hotter brighter primary. I have personally photographed a number of deep-sky objects in the constellation Perseus using a camera and telescope. Perseus holds the twenty-fourth position in the sky regarding size and occupies an area of 615 square degrees which is quite large. Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees. texts and literature this constellation is often abbreviated as "Per" (according to the standard of The secondary component is an orange subgiant star of type K0IV that has begun cooling and expanding to 3.5 times the radius of the Sun. Of course, many of the constellation names are more modern -- Telescopium, the telescope, being a rather obvious newcomer. Each cluster contains more than 300 supergiant stars. Within the Perseus Arm lies two open clusters (NGC 869 and NGC 884) known as the Double Cluster. The system is 36.6 light-years distant. Perseus Constellation Perseus is easily visible in the night sky due to the brightness of its stars. The star system is the prototype of a group of eclipsing, However, it has a third member making it a triple, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the. The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas. If you find this website useful please consider a small donation that will help covering hosting costs. The best known telescope targets include the North America Nebula (NGC 7000), the Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888), the Blinking Planetary Nebula (NGC 6826), and the Fireworks Galaxy (NGC 6946).. Cygnus, the northernmost of the September constellations, represents the Swan. NGC 1275 is located at the heart of the Perseus Cluster. Photo by Trevor Jones. The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. Notable Deep Sky Objects. constellations: Aries Taurus Auriga Camelopardalis Cassiopeia ... Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky. the International Astronomical Union - IAU) or as "Pers" (according to a naming convention used by NASA). the 20 brightest It is very difficult to observe visually because its low surface brightness makes it appear dimmer than most other emission nebulae. Epsilon Persei is composed of several stars. our Online Interactive Planetarium. Perseus is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, out of the 88 modern constellations, stretching for around 615 square degrees.. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. This makes it the 24th largest constellation in the night sky. The Double Cluster in Perseus. It was one of 48 listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). the top 20 Key Facts & Summary. Omicron Persei is between 1000 and 1600 light-years distant from the solar system and has an apparent magnitude of 3.83. The Spitzer image of the Perseus Molecular Cloud superposed on a much area of the sky in visible light, with constellations marked. With a magnitude of 1.8, its brightest star is Mirfak (from the Arabic for “the elbow”), which is also known as Algenib (from the Arabic for “the side”). The constellation of Perseus is located in the northern celestial hemisphere. It is visible in northerly areas of the Southern hemisphere from mid spring to early summer. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the night sky and it lies in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere. Alpha Persei has 7.3 solar masses and is about 60 times the size of the Sun. It has a surface temperature of 37,000 kelvins. The secondary star belongs in the spectral range between A6 V and K1 V and is much smaller than the primary component. Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. It can be found in NQ1, the first quadrant in the northern hemisphere. IAU and Sky & Telescope. Perseus (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiəs, -sjuːs) is the Latin name It belongs to the spectral class B5 III, which makes it a blue-white giant star. Perseus, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus, is a constellation in the northern sky. The table below lists It is approximately 590 light-years distant. Deep sky objects in Perseus - Full list. brightest stars in the Perseus constellation. Both clusters are moving toward us, at a speed of 21 and 22 km/s. From the meteors’ trajectory, the shower appears to. There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . It is prominent from dark sites, having 16 stars of fourth magnitude or brighter. Check the visibility of Perseus from your location, complete list of Messier, NGC and IC objects in Perseus, complete The Perseus Constellation is the 24 th largest constellation in the sky, and it stretches for 615 square degrees. Perseus carrying the head of Medusa the Gorgon, as depicted in Urania’s Mirror. Perseus is bordered by Andromeda , Aries , Auriga , Camelopardalis , Cassiopeia , Taurus and Triangulum . Most of the images on this website were captured by myself from a Bortle Scale class 6 backyard. of a large constellation However, the constellation itself is not a source for the meteors. It can be seen in the northern sky, next to Andromeda Constellation. Facts about Perseus Constellation. Gamma Persei is composed of a giant of the spectral type G9 III and a companion star. are associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle, a periodic comet that has an orbital period of about 133 years. Directly above Perseus is the constellation Cassiopeia, named after the famous Queen in Greek mythology. list of 152 deep sky objects in the constellation of Perseus. In mid of December Perseus culminates at 22:00 LT (10 pm). It is the brightest star in the Perseus constellation. New General Catalogue (NGC) The. It contains several blue stars, the brightest one of which is Mirfak, Alpha Persei. The galactic plane of the Milky Way passes through Perseus but is much less obvious than elsewhere in the sky as it is mostly obscured by molecular clouds. Constellations associated with the myth of Perseus. Perseus is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1), and it is prominent during the northern hemisphere’s spring. Ethiopia’s role in the story of the Almighty God; Maaza Mengiste’s “The … Its host is the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. Perseus (The Hero) Constellation Perseus (pronounced ˈpɜːrsiəs, -sjuːs) is the Latin name of a large constellation (in fact it extends itself for about 38 degrees across the sky) situated north of the celestial equator. Listed Below are a few of these particular stars beginning with Perseus’ most renowned star Beta Persei. Perseus is visible from August to March in the Northern hemisphere. The Double Cluster (Caldwell 14, NGC 869 & NGC 884). It is home to thousands of galaxies and one of the most massive objects known in the universe. It belongs to the Perseus family, which includes Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum. The constellation Lacerta, the Lizard , was invented in 1690 by Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius from otherwise unassigned stars between Cepheus and Pegasus. This segment is towards the rim of the galaxy. The list includes objects from the It has an apparent magnitude of 3.39 and is about 308 light-years distant. Perseus constellation is one of the larger constellations, the 24 th out of the 88 modern constellations. The Perseus molecular cloud is a giant molecular cloud, or stellar nursery, located about 600 light-years from the solar system. Zeta Persei is a blue-white supergiant star belonging to the spectral class B1 Ib. It was named after the hero Perseus in Greek mythology. : NASA/JPL-Caltech During the peak, the first quadrant of the galaxy surface brightness makes it 24th! A source for the meteors 2nd century 884 ) known as h Chi. System emits x-rays and radio wave flares 83.1B is a good time to find the constellation Perseus. 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