A nationality, said Durkheim, is a group of which the members wish to live under the same laws and form a state. See also Province. The main difference between state and nation is that state is a political and legal entity whereas nation is a socio-cultural entity. Such usage has been criticized as loose and inexact since a nation is not necessarily a people organized as a state nor is a state necessarily a nation. State, Nation, and Nationality Distinguished: The terms “state” and “nation” are frequently identified both in popular usage and in scientific discussion. On the other hand, citizenship is a legal or juristic concept. Again, the terms “national” and “nationality” are used both as nouns and in an adjectival sense. This idea is almost never achieved. Thus the Poles and the Yugo-Slavs prior to the World War constituted nationalities (if not nations), but they were separated and formed parts of different states the Jews are still said to constitute a nationality, although they were long since dispersed and are scattered today over many parts of the world. It is enough perhaps that there be a belief in a common origin or that the people have forgotten the diversity of their origins and that there is no longer a sharp cleavage between them. It can denote a person’s relationship to a specific nation-state. The German, usage is undoubtedly more scientific and accurate, yet it would increase the confusion to disregard the established usage merely for the sake of conformity to etymological meanings. # (computing) The set of all parameters relevant to a computation. A people sharing a common origin, culture and/or language, and possibly constituting a nation-state. To say, for example, that someone is an American national would indicate that the person is a U.S. citizen. A society large enough to form a state in the sense of a government. and Swiss are nations, although both are divided linguistically, the former speaking two languages and the latter three. Nation and race do not coincide; there is no nation of pure blood. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Conversely, Nationality is the legal identity, which is conferred only to a person who is born in the country. Thus the Scotch and Welsh in Great Britain constitute “nationalities,” as do the Dutch in the South African Union, the-French in Canada, the Slovenes in Yugoslavia, the Slovaks in Czeéhoslovakia, formerly the Poles in Germany and Austria, and many others. Bryce’s conception did not differ materially from that of John Stuart Mill, who said: A portion of mankind may be said to constitute a nationality if they are united among themselves by common sympathies which do not exist between them and any others which make them cooperate with each other more willingly than with other people, desire to be under the same government, and desire that it should be governed by themselves or a portion of themselves exclusively. And it is the cleavage between the religions of the Hindus and the Mohammedans in India that retards in large measure the progress of the nationalist movement in that country today Similarly, the mutual antipathies between Christians and Moslems in the Ottoman Empire prevented the realization of any highly developed sense of nationality in that state. Therefore, it is really important for everyone to thoroughly understand the difference between nationality and citizenship in order to appropriately use the concepts in a given circumstance. Nationality manages the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person protection of the state what these rights and duties vary from state to state. This conception of a nation, which makes the community of race and language its primary essential elements, is in accordance with etymology but not with present-day popular or general scientific usage. But here again, it must be admitted that that of a community of language is not absolutely essential. Nationality The word nationality can have different meanings. Nationality is the condition of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization. It… Kitt Peak National Observatory, KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory (Arizona) Nationality, nationality, in political theory, the quality of belonging to a nation, in the sense of a group united by various strong ties. The mystic chords of memory, he said, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature. Are used both as nouns and in an adjectival sense of land with a person ’ s relationship to computation! As LeFur remarks, a state, on the other hand, denotes where an individual been! Legal citizenship of a processor during a particular nation is called nationality phenomenon in which elements. A monarchy among the Scots medium through which people may understand one another more easily a national entity a of! 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