Plants that function well in a windbreak include Eastern red cedars (Juniperus virginiana), which thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2a to 9b, and mountain mahogany (Cercocarpus ledifolius), which grows well in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 8. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The area beneath mature shade trees can be challenging to properly landscape. They offer a range of textures, loose or dense growth, evergreen or deciduous, and a few even … This variegated sea holly Eryngium variifolium, is as tough as old boots, so it’s … If you use stone in landscaping beds, consider how much wind your region gets and how the stone will match the aesthetic of your home. A full service landscape company servicing the Fort Wayne Area. These allow users to sit in the protected area while gazing over the top of the barrier at the view. Height is set only by the plant's natural dimensions, or it may be controlled by regular shearing. Sorry Arizona natives! Planting larger older trees is not viable because they will not have time to develop a sufficient root system to anchor them against gale force winds. ... To achieve balance in a landscape… Furthermore, the benefits from these windbreaks will increase as the trees and shrubs mature. Windward side: The exposed side of a windbreak that faces the wind. Beware of further height limitations within planned communities. More space to do what you want. California lilac plants can be shrubs or trees … Tall, narrow trees planted close together are the traditional solution for lessening wind on a larger scale. By definition, evergreens provide foliage to admire all four seasons of the year. Dry River Bed Landscape Edging. Using gravel creates a … Like lattice fencing, a trellis has a woven design that allows some air and light to pass through. LandscapingNetwork.Com - All Rights Reserved. When large 10-foot tall shrubs are used, they make a solid windbreak and privacy screen for a patio, deck or an entire small yard. California Lilac (Ceanthus spp.) Everyone appreciates a nice breeze while sitting outside in the garden, but strong gusts and steady winds can mean a world of damage when it comes to outdoor structures and delicate plants. "Pea stone comes in different sizes, so you can get a … Block wind, buffer noise, or create more private outdoor living spaces with a row of these easy-going shrubs. ... a trellis to block the rain or wind, or pots of geraniums. Commercial / Residential However, it is always best to select the shrubs by their dimensions to fit naturally into the hedge so there is no need for this costly, high maintenance process. Mounds require a bit more room and investment … Plant in groups of 5 or more. These shrubs tend to hold up better. This was the case when a new disease struck millions of oleander windbreaks, leaving as many homesites without vital protection. There is no other way to create a similarly sized wind barrier. More mowing and more maintenance. Mulching is especially helpful, because wind erodes soil and dries trees out. This ficus hedge is composed of trees that reach thirty feet tall but are mercilessly sheared to this limited height, which is both cost and labor intensive. This firepit is protected from the wind by a wood wind screen featuring translucent fiberglass panels. Sturdy materials, such as concrete or brick to make a wall, or wood for a stockade fence, create protective enclosures so gardeners can grow most types of plant within the yard. It can work just as well for your homesite to significantly change the microclimate because trees can grow well over thirty feet tall, thus protecting a considerable area. Plant grasses and ferns along edge of landscaping. Simple board screens used for wind control are more costly than fences because they must be stronger, particularly in high wind homesites. Terra-cotta tiles laid on the diagonal create the illusion of a larger space. Copyright 2010 - Washington hawthorns, well-suited for use as smaller specimens, grow 20 to 30 feet in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. However, there are some … Check out the Energy Saver 101 landscaping infographic for the best landscaping strategies for your climate. A typical lawn in an especially wind-prone area would best be designed to look something like a golf green surrounded by shrubs. Consider trees and shrubs with dense foliage. But here is the beauty of having more space. How Close to Plant Dwarf Red Delicious Apple Trees for Pollination, Utah State University Cooperative Extension: Curl-Leaf Mountain Mahogany in the Landscape, University of Illinois Extension: Tree Selector -- Wind, University of Illinois Extension: Northern Catalpa, University of Illinois Extension: Sargent Cherry, University of Illinois Extension: Washington Hawthorn, How to Landscape With Green Giant Arborvitae. Trees planted within a fenced-in area stand a better chance against nature's elements, as well, because wind-damaged trees quickly become susceptible to problems that include disease and insect infestations. Windrow trees tend to be tall and narrow. If wind is a chronic problem at your house, a new landscape can offer near perfect solutions. A windrow is simply a single row of identical trees planted very close together. Be sure knockers and bells are evident, at a convenient height, and not hidden behind a locked screen door. You can use a collection of trees or shrubs, capable of handling strong winds and grown close together, to create a garden windbreak. Shrubs can also become the victims of too much wind. Wind screens within the property lines may be taller, but increased height requires more expensive structural support. If the wind screen is built along a property line, the height is limited to six feet by building codes. Gardeners should go above and beyond meeting general needs, such as sun exposure and irrigation, and protect trees with additional cultural landscaping. A mound or bank of earth can also be effective in diverting the wind. Consider Northern catalpas (Catalpa speciosa), a large tree that grows up to 80 feet tall with a display of white flared flowers; this tree thrives in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 8. Shrubs planted in groups tend to sustain less damage than single shrubs standing alone. Prune trees evenly, according to the needs of each species and before branches reach an inch in diameter to protect them from wind damage, advises the University of Georgia School of Forest Resources Extension. Choose native plants because they are already adapted to your region. Fences can either surround the entire yard or add concentrated protection for smaller plants such as vegetables or delicate flowers. Windrows are old time agricultural plantings to protect fields, orchards and homesites. Making a Fire Pit with Gravel. These are highly effective at deflecting wind away from small often-used outdoor living spaces such as a patio or deck. That way if a disease were to strike one of them, there are other plants remaining to maintain wind control. These plants act as a natural wall to diminish the strength of the wind. The owners of a two-story home on a narrow lot in the San Francisco area wanted a yard that wasn't overpowered by their house. The man made wind-screen is effective the moment it's completed. Native to California, the robust evergreen tree is prized for its profuse catkins. Fence or mark off an area for turf and use the rest for meadow, pasture, or woodland. Short dense shrub hedges around living spaces or just on one side can be highly effective. The shrubs should be well chosen for compatibility, foliage density, longevity, adaption to local climate as well as overall pest and disease resistance. Use a heavier type of mulch, such as large wood chips, to prevent it from blowing away. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Landscaping Ideas For Windy Areas Landscaping is nothing but the very best and a gazebo kits out there. Tarah Damask's writing career began in 2003 and includes experience as a fashion writer/editor for Neiman Marcus, short fiction publications in "North Texas Review," a self-published novel, band biographies, charter school curriculum and articles for various websites. Here too, the single species windrow is evolving into a multiple species one to protect against loss through diversity. Instead Xeric landscaping is a more creative solution; using low-maintenance, drought-tolerant plants that are native to the area. In areas of extreme winds and weather, ultra strong wind screens prevent damage during storm gales. This wind wall with its blue glass block and outdoor art makes the deck much warmer in the transitional seasons of spring and fall. Three solutions for making your outdoor living areas less windy. A dense needled evergreen hedge will be far more effective than a broadleaf one. A wind screen can be made out of semitransparent material to allow light to pass through. – Hardy in zones 8-10. These are suggestions–any shrub can fail if not planted in appropriate conditions and given the care required. Obviously notice carefully what does well in the area but it is also wise to think, when choosing plants for windy … var theDate=new Date() If your thinking of ideas, then these 15 landscaping ideas for large backyard and garden areas … http://plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/publications/windbreak-pubs.html, Single row deciduous tree in leaf: 25-35% density, Single row deciduous tree dormant: 5% density, Single row conifer or needled evergreen: 40-60% density. They must be tolerant of other trees within its root zone. 247 likes. This permeability of shrubs can be more desirable than solid built barriers in very hot or humid climates where moderate wind penetration is welcome in the summer months. In this type of a pit, you will require more space. Each type of shrub offers different qualities to a windbreak hedge from color to texture and most important: density. A nature-inspired look using information about the local climate and flora, xeric gardening and landscaping … It is not difficult to see why evergreen shrubs would play a critical role in landscaping property lines. Above all, they offer a dense combination of branching structure and foliage for maximum wind blockage. Dark rock gives the illusion of water. The early years may have little to no reduction in wind. In addition, lay a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch on the soil surrounding plants to protect them from wind damage and other problems, including moisture loss and weed competition. Within its design you can create effective windbreaks that protect specific outdoor living spaces to make them far more comfortable. English Holly (Llex aquifolium) Known by several names, including European Holly and Christmas Holly, this shrub grows in much of Europe, Asia and Africa. And that same trait enables them to offer something else: year-round privacy. These hawthorns add color to the windy garden with small cream-hued flowers and green leaves with red-orange fall color and vivid red cool-weather fruit. To decrease the need for extra planning regarding plants, gardeners can simply put up a solid fence or wall. Shrubs Silk tassel (Garrya elliptica) is a hardy ornamental small tree, suitable for landscaping windy areas. The three options detailed below offer solutions, each with a different scale, price and time to effectiveness. Designing a lawn in this way would allow you to use sprinklers for the lawn … If you prefer a more decorative look for your windbreak, trellis panels are an ideal option. The lateral pressure on the posts may require larger concrete footings, metal pipe and bolts to prevent weakening over time. This simple small scale wind screen provides privacy, warmth and window views for a less closed-in feeling. The cost can be high, though, particularly when dealing with transparent materials. It takes time to get a professionals who could providing capabilities that have space for circumstances … Wind Resilient Shrubs . A wind screen is basically a fence or wall that blocks the wind. In this particular case, it looks like someone carved out a nice flat space … Most annuals are sun-loving and don’t do well in the near-constant shade of established trees. Properly selected, placed, and maintained landscaping can provide excellent wind protection, or windbreaks, which will reduce heating costs considerably. https://www.landscapingnetwork.com/landscaping-ideas/windbreaks.html An exposed garden will certainly need to be compartmentalised to provide sheltered corners for plants which resent wind. A wi… Andreas Flache of AFLA Landscape Design included a fun … After: Natural materials like a simple wood table and chairs, and plants chosen for their foliage and texture turn the cold basement … Eryngium variifolium. Add other shrubs … The down side to using trees for wind control is that they take time to mature. In areas where wind control is necessary but building codes don't allow fences, hedges can provide the ideal solution. AFLA. Creating windbreaks is a logical first step when landscaping your windy site. Choose appropriate, wind-resilient species. A fine example of using plexiglass to control wind without sacrificing the view. Rhythmic landforms and a grassy swale slow … In the case of strong winds, going the extra step and picking plants known for their wind tolerance is essential, particularly if you choose not to create a windbreak first. As plants, shrub hedges take time to mature and reach their full effectiveness. Screens are also used around a spa or pool area to trap and build heat for bathers. Hedges can be created at any size or thickness to protect against wind while preserving windows out to the view. Lee side: The protected side of a windbreak opposite that which faces the wind. To use a windbreak effectively, you need to know what landscape strategies will work best in your regional climate and your microclimate. For extra color, Sargent cherry trees (Prunus sargentii) display profuse pink spring blossoms and orange fall foliage, and grow to a height of up to 50 feet. It grows best in shady areas … Unlike a solid wall, a mound lifts the wind up naturally, leaving a sheltered area in its lee. Sargent cherries thrive in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8. The best mulching material varies from plant to plant, but organic mulch works well for most gardens. Holding It Back with Bricks. You can also use large scale windbreaks to protect your entire homesite, just as they do on the prairie. The hillside garden responds to movement of the wind, flow of the water and warmth of the sun with an artful integration of storm water management practices. The Natural Resource Conservation Service is the government resource for information on windbreak trees species for planting in every part of the United States.http://plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/publications/windbreak-pubs.html. Damask holds a Master of Arts in English and creative writing from the University of North Texas. Sometimes they can be clear Plexiglas to preserve a view while blocking the wind. Rather than forgoing a well-planned yard altogether, gardeners in areas exposed to continuous or high winds should design the landscape with the weather in mind. In the past, traditional hedges were planted in one species, but designers are moving toward a more diverse combination of different shrubs for protective diversity. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/landscaping-ideas-windy-location-48166.html Wind Landscaping LLC, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Proper care helps keep a windy landscape healthy. 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