They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. Hope Tiribuvanam temple too gets added in this list. Vijayalaya, a Chola chief from Uraiyur, captured the Kaveri delta from a Samanta (subordinate) of Pallava king. He was a Saiva. Karikala was one of the few Tamil kings who won the whole of Lanka. Situated in the village of Kodumbalur, 36 kilometres from Pudukkottai in Tamil Nadu, … He built solesvara temple of Narttamalai, Pudukkottai. He also assumed the title Jayangonda Chola. Rajaraja Chola (985-1014 AD) was the one of the imperialistic and greatest Chola rulers. Chola was the head of this army and navy. He built a new capital city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram to commemorate his victory after defeating Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar. The images of kings and their wives were maintained in various temples which indicated that they believed in the divine origin of kingship. The chola kings namely dharmavarcholan and killivalavan developed the shrine of Srirangam into big temple seen now. The capture of Tanjore by Vijayalaya about the middle of 9th century A.D. was the first step in the revival of the Chola power. Chola King Rajendra Chola's copper plates indicate that the Cholas were descendants of the Solar Dynasty Kings of India. To Study Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC Vijayalaya (reigned c. 850–870) began the occupation of the territory of the Pallavas, which was extended under Aditya I (reigned c. 870–907). 50,000, ESIC Delhi Recruitment 2020 for 30 Senior Resident and Specialists Posts @esic.nic.in, Download PDF, RSMSSB JE Admit Card 2020 for PHED Released: Download Rajasthan JEN (Junior Engineer) Call Letter @rsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in, RSMSSB Investigator Admit Card 2020 Released @rsmssb.rajasthan.gov.in, Check Download Link Here, This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct, Simple way to know how college students waste their time without realizing, कॉलेज स्टूडेंट्स समय बरबाद करने वाली इन आदतों से जरुर बचें, भारत में ह्यूमन रिसोर्स मैनेजमेंट में करियर स्कोप और करियर ग्रोथ, SSC CGL 2020-21 Recruitment: Apply Online @ssc.nic.in from 21 Dec, Check Combined Graduate Level Exam Date and Other Updates Here, IB ACIO Notification 2020-21 Released @mha.gov.in, 2000 Vacancies Notified for Grade 2 and Executive Across India, Graduates Eligible, RRB NTPC Admit Card 2020 on 24 Dec: Download Region-wise Exam Date & City Intimation Slip for 01/2019 from 9:45 PM Today, Check Call Letter Updates, Indian Navy SSC Officer Recruitment 2020: Apply Online for 210 Vacancies @joinindiannavy.gov.in for Jun 2021 Course, Selection through SSB Interview, CBSE Class 9 Revised Computer Applications Syllabus 2020-21: Download in PDF, FCI Typist Admit Card 2020 Released @fci.gov.in for 4103 Vacancies, Download Typist Hindi Call Letter for West Zone Here, RPSC प्री-परीक्षा का परीक्षा पैटर्न और सिलेबस, RPSC RAS Prelims Exam Pattern and Detailed Syllabus, RRB NTPC Exam 2020: आरआरबी एनटीपीसी परीक्षा के पहले राउंड का शेड्यूल जारी, पढ़ें अपडेट्स, RRB NTPC Exam 2020 CBT from 28th Dec Onwards: Check 35208 Vacancies, Exam Date/City/Shift/Admit Card Links, Eligibility, Exam Pattern, Syllabus & Other Notifications, RRB NTPC 2020 Exam Schedule Released for 1st Phase: CBT to be held for 1.25 crore candidates|Check Exam Date & City, Syllabus, Previous Year Papers (PDF Download), Admit Card & Mock Test Links. * Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. Brihadeeswarar temple at Thanjavur, TamilNadu The accession of Rajaraja I is a turning point in the history of the Cholas. The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984). 1. He gained victories in war against the Hoysalas, Pandyas of Madurai, Cheras of Venad, the Sinhala kings of Eelam (Ceylon), as well as the Chodas of Velanadu and Nellore. This document is highly rated by … The Chola kingdom was consolidated under Rajaraja I and his son Rajendra I. Cholas belong to “ Naidu or Kamma” community. Among the early Chola kings, Karikala Chola was the most famous, while Rajaraja Chola, Rajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I were also celebrated medieval Chola emperors. He is best remembered for his role in the battle of Koppam along with his elder brother where he dramatically turned towards the Chalukyan King Someshvara I,after the death of his brother in 1052. His reign was marked by civil unrest, possibly religious in nature. The Chola kings often gave land grants or Brahmadeya to Brahmins. Rajaraja I (985-1014 A.D.) 5. He was the son of the illustrious Sembiyan Mahadevi and the cousin of Parantaka II. He was one of the most underrated Chola kings, mainly because a major part of his life was spent as a subordinate of his two elder brothers Rajadhiraja Chola I and Rajendra Chola II. His navy attacked the Srivijaya empire which was a great naval power in South-east Asia at that time, and forced it to accept his suzerainty. Though evidence from Sanskrit Ithihasas,Ramayana Mahabharata,Eighteen Puranas present a country called Bharatvarsha,though the Kings as is their wont were fighting against each others. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. Question 1. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. He built sixteen miles long and three miles wide artificial lake which was one of the largest man-made lakes in India. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. An assembly or Sabha of prominent Brahmin landholders looked after each Brahmadeya, while associations of traders, known as Nagarams, looked after the administration in towns. The Chola Military (Tamil: சோழர் படை) was organized in the medieval era by emperor Rajaraja Chola I.The Cholas of the Vijayalaya Dynasty, who ruled parts of South India and Lanka between the tenth and thirteenth centuries CE, were dependent on their army and navy to expand and maintain order in their vast empire. His reign was known for general peace and good governance. Took the title of Vikrama Chola was Tyagasamudra – the ocean of sacrifice. (1935). The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. 1. The accession of Rajaraja I is a turning point in the history of the Cholas. 1. Rajaraja Chola II (1146–1173 C. E.), Rajadhiraja Chola II (1166–1178 C. E.) and Kulothunga Chola III (1178–1218 C. E.) took active roles in the politics of the emerging revival of the Pandyas. There is little epigraphic evidence available to give us any concrete information on Arinjaya’s rule. The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. Aditya (871-907 A.D.) 3. The Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam ruled and fought over the southern region of the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Moovar Koil. You can see some Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. He was a great devotee of Siva and greatly patronised the temple at Chidambaram. Queens of Chola Dynasty: The Cholas ruled from 300s BCE to 1279 CE and is known to be the longest ruling dynasties of southern India. Later Chola kings attributed the building of dikes along the banks of the Kaveri to Karikala. The Chola ruled for a long period from about the later half of the 9th century to the beginning of the 13th century, but after the advent of Pandayas, the Chola Empire collapsed. There is some debate among group of historian regarding whether Arinjaya actually succeeded Gandaraditya or whether Arinjaya ruled on his own right. He initiated commissioned the Sarabeswara or Kampahareswara temple at Tribhuvanam near Kumbakonam which is considered a great specimen of Dravidian Architecture. Great Living Chola Temples. Very Few books only available in English * Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. Tamil Chola Kings List From 3020 BCE to 245 BCE,Missing 160 Million Years Traces of Tamil culture is found among Hitties,Elamites,Aztecs and Mayans. A stone sculpture in Chokkanathaswamy temple. You can download Free Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev pdf from EduRev by 2. He constructed the Saiva-temple of Rajarajeshvara which has been regarded as a remarkable specimen of Tamil architecture. The Great Living Chola Temples are situated in the southern … Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check 2. The famous grammatical work in Tamil, Virasoliyam was written by Buddhamitra during his period. He was also known as Vijaya Rajendra Cholan (the victorious Rajendra Cholan). 1. 3. During his reign witnesses the local feudatories and chieftains. The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.In Bangalore the Cholas ruled nearly a century. Ponniyin Selvan,written by amarar kalki revolves around the life of raja raja chola and his ambition for annexing Lanka. Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev notes for UPSC is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of However, there is no basis for this list of Kings either by way of inscriptions or by way of literary evidence (even in Sangam literature). Do check out the sample questions The Cholas did not observe the Hindu morality of warfare, i.e. During his reign, the texts of the Tamil poets Appar, Sambandar and Sundarar were collected and edited into one compilation called Thirumurai. 2. He established Chola overlordship over the Sri Vijaya province Kedah in Malaysia. This incident has been mentioned by Paranar, a contemporary of Karikala, in his poem in Agananuru. A royal charter or a sasana of the Chola kings, lost 300 years ago from Tamil Nadu, is now being preserved in the Leiden University in the Netherlands. The Chola rulers started the practice of electing their successor or Yuvaraja and associating him in administration during their life-time. Commonly referred … The decisions taken by these Sabhas were recorded on the walls of the temples by way of inscriptions. Text Book Page No. I have visited all … your solution of Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. 2. 2. You can also find Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev ppt and other UPSC slides as well. The infantry, the cavalry and the war elephants constituted the main parts of the army of the Cholas. If you want Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev this is your one stop solution. Famous poet Jayamkondar Jayamkondar who wrote the poem Kalingattu parani to celebrate the military victories of Kulottunga Chola was one of the gems of his court. During the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries, the Cholas were at the height of their might. Prantaka I (907-55 A.D.) 4. The early Chola kings of the Sangam period and the life of people contributed much to the cultural wealth of the Tamil country. Sundara Pandya I Vira Pandya I Vira Pandya II Amarabhujanga Tivrakopa Jatavarman Sundara Chola Pandya Maravarman Vikrama Chola Pandya Maravarman Parakrama Chola Pandya Jatavarman Chola Pandya Srivallabha Manakulachala (11011124) Maaravaramban Seervallaban (11321161) Parakrama Pandiyan (11611162) Kulasekara Pandyan III Vira Pandyan III Jatavarman Srivallaban (11751180) Jatavarman Kulasekaran I (11901216 There was thus a large set of officials grouped into grades. 1. The document Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the. He was the son of Vijayalaya who extended the Chola dominions by the conquest of the Pallavas and occupied the Western Ganga Kingdom. 3. 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