While there are more than 70 languages spoken in Pakistan, including the provincial languages Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Balochi, the country’s official languages are Urdu and English. Issue of national language 4. (2) Subject to clause (1), the English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement by Urdu. The debate on Pakistan`s national language and Pakistani languages has been raging ever since the introduction of a proposed constitutional amendment bill in the National Assembly of Pakistan. Due to Islamic and tribal influences, non-urban regions of Pakistan have varying levels of gender segregation, while big cities too have conservative expectations in terms of interactions between men and women. Issue of the national language . To the best of my knowledge the thesis is based on original research. Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. The focus of this paper is to analyse relevant aspects of Musharraf’s regime before and after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 (henceforth 9/11). English has taken place of Urdu in govt. These issues created obstacle in the way of the successful working of the notion of federalism. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. 1. National language.-(1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu, and arrangements shall be made for its being used for official and other purposes within fifteen years from the commencing day. The growing extremism has been fueled by a narrow vision of Pakistan’s national identity, threatening the country’s prospect for social cohesion and stability. • Advice of Quaid-e-Azam temporarily took the heart out of language movement but the issue was not settled. becomes a political issue. Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. Philologists say that there are over 300 dialects and languages spoken in the country today and each is distinctly differently from the other. Foremost is the issue of ideology – the role of Islam in ... significant issue deals with the language of education – whether it be Urdu, the national language; English, the global language; or a local language. In today’s Pakistan the difference of language is still a problem in the way of national integration of state. Imposition of Urdu as state language was thought unjust by Bengali-speaking Eastern wing and they demanded that Bengali should be given equal status to that of Urdu. (3)… Bangla was the mother tongue of about 56 percent of the people of Pakistan. On the other hand, Urdu was the mother tongue of only 6 percent people of the whole of Pakistan. p.49-60). 7.57% speak Urdu in Pakistan. One of the issues which highlighted this national diversity was the status of the Bangla language. Even after years of investments, reforms and promises, the education sector remains weak in Pakistan. Some of the common languages are: Urdu: Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. Common misconceptions about contemporary issues in education Student Teachers are likely to enter their programme with various common misconceptions about education in contemporary Pakistan, which are often shared by the public. The course Instructor needs to be aware … In 1970 Pakistan's first democratic elections since independence from British colonial rule, led to war, the break up of Pakistan and the creation of a new country, Bangladesh. It is similar to Hindi but written in Arabic script. English has been the main language of instruction at the elementary and secondary levels since colonial times. English is becoming the symbol of the elite. Ali Abbas reviews the long-standing issues with education in Pakistan. It’s a mixture of different languages like Punjabi, Arabic, Farsi and English and other different other languages. Looking at the recent history of Pakistan with reference to the promotion of pluralism, the era of General Pervez Musharraf – 1999–2002 Chief Executive of Pakistan and 2001–2008 President of Pakistan – should be analysed. While living in heterogeneous society, the major element is about way of living and behaving with … The inability of state institutions to reliably provide peaceful ways to resolve grievances has encouraged groups to seek violence as a legitimate alternative. It is very much important for Pakistan to have a language policy which is helpful for the promotion of all languages equally. Here are some cruel issues Pakistan faced after Independence from India in 1947. Later, Bengali too, alongside Urdu, was declared Pakistan`s national language though, the damage was done and it was irreparable, they argue. The references of historical dynamics including the tragedy of East Pakistan provide the benchmark for the paper. • The students of the University of Dhaka organized a protest on 21st feb, 1952. national curriculum structure and career opportunities, environmental awareness, and the growing privatization of education. The one factor that unites Pakistan is the Urdu language. With such combination television in Pakistan is politicized and looks rather defocused on promoting the national integrity and national identification. Pakistan faced this problem in early years of its independence when language controversy exercised far-reaching effects on subsequent history of the country as a whole. The India-Pakistan war in 1965 pushed the language issue to the background for only a short while, but the second war with Pakistan in 1971 compounded this effect. The people are friendly, but gender segregation still exists. After promulgation of Urdu as a national language of then united Pakistan, East Pakistanis strongly protested demanding Bengali as an official language for East Pakistan. It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. The other name of this language is Hindustani. Issues. Medium of instruction is a controversial issue in Pakistan as it is a multilingual country and has a rich traditional history. However, a vast section of the population speaks it as their second language. Choice of Capital City and Establishment of Government. The mindset is biggest and important one that can consider economy at first stage. The first and foremost element as history told us is economic disparities. The paper, however, intends to highlight the issues which either have potentials to strengthen or deteriorate the process of national integration in Pakistan. First of all there is no such language called Urdu or Hindi. Standard Hindi is "Sanskritized Khari boli" written in Devanagari while Urdu is "Persianized Khari boli" written in Nastaleeq. Source: Jinnah.pk . Powers and amount of independence extended to the federating units 3. • In 1948, Quaid-e-Azam addressed in Dhaka: “Urdu and Urdu alone would be the national language of Pakistan.” 71. This article contains major and minor issues related to Pakistan Major Issues Corruption, unemployment, Populations, Transportation, Water issues, Political Failure, Judicial System, Mass Media, Economic issues, Target killing, Environmental Issues, Education, Power shortage, International interference, FATA reforms, Education system, Food Insecurity, Sanitation, corona problems It exploded latter after the death of Quaid-e- Azam. The official communication is also done through English. The major issues included; 1. The MDGs have laid down two goals for education sector: Goal 2: The goal 2 of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE) and by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary … However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. highlighted to understand any debate about education in Pakistan. The National Language Of Pakistan. The language is first common thing among all ethnic groups in Pakistan along with common religion, political and economic thinking. Issue … Issue of representation in the center and in units 2. An issue to National Integration of Pakistan (The study of Baloch, Mohajir and Saraiki identities) is written by Ms. Rehana Saeed Hashmi, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore for the requirement of Ph.D degree in Political Science. THE LANGUAGES OF PAKISTAN. The current policy has created a sense among the small linguistic groups that the government is only promoting Urdu at the coast of regional languages. Pakistan is adopting Urdu as its official language, but with many people not speaking it, the move is proving divisive, as the BBC's Ilyas Khan reports. Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and … The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. The news coverage of national issue, on one hand, is likely to support the national interest of the country, on the other hand national government and politics are more criticized by news channels. Just as Pakistan’s ‘language ideology’ (SLS: 17) ignored the ‘shallowness of Urdu’s roots’ (SLS: 31-2) in the provinces that constituted Pakistan in 1947, the stress on Islam led to a state endorsement of a Sunni, literate and reformist Islam disconnected from the religious practices of the majority of the population. Pakistan - Pakistan - Daily life and social customs: Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound. Ours is a country very rich and diverse linguistically: A recent research says there are 73 languages and dialectsspoken in Pakistan (`How many languages are spoken in Pakistan?` Dawn, March 13, 2017). The population explosion which began in the 1970's has become one of the foremost problems in India up to the present day. Most languages in Pakistan belong to the Indo-Iranian language group, including Urdu, the national language. 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