The National Service Act is based wholly on the principle of universality: that is to say, that everyone over a certain age has an obligation to serve his country in the Forces. 449 At the age of twenty-six they can, if they wish, freely take up any other trade they choose. From 1 January 1949, all fit young men between 17 and 21 years of age were required to serve in the armed forces for 18 months, and remain on … realises, and I think we all do, that it is impossible to classify a seaman in the narrow sense of the word as a man who hauls on ropes or is responsible for navigation or steering the ship, and so on. National Service Act 1948 provided the framework for peacetime conscription - 17- to 21-year-old healthy men were expected to serve in the armed forces for … So that once a man has been in the Merchant Navy, and his National Service has been deferred because he was in the Merchant Navy, he will be called up in the Merchant Navy. We must not overlook the Services' need for science and engineering graduates. Students seeking to apply for new F-1 or M-1 visas should check the status of visa services at the nearest embassy or consulate; those applicants who are found to be otherwise qualified for an F-1 or M-1 visa will automatically be considered for a national interest exception to travel. After a year or so, this august, anonymous body reported. Therefore, the catering staff are essential in that regard. Update on Public Charge. I think new that opinion is unanimous that it would be a mistake to alter the system whereby merchant seamen of good character are deferred, provided that they remain at sea until they are 26. The majority of the men who serve at sea are divided into three capacities; that is to say, deckhands, engineers and catering staff. National Service (NS) is ever the hot topic in Singapore, being one of the few matters that always sparks debate and spurs discussion. Such a distinction, however, would not be at all easy to make, even were it desirable to make it. Expansion of Interview Waiver Eligibility. But in fact it continually happens that if a man who is of calling-up age ceases to be satisfactory in his service at sea, his papers come through and he is called up in the ordinary way. As Lord Hall has shown, there is no need to bore your Lordships with arguments about the vital need of the country to keep ahead in science and technology—that, I gather, is generally accepted. There has lately been every indication that other countries are maintaining the lead in this field. Then there is the whole field of nuclear energy—a new science, and one of paramount importance. I wish once again to apologise to the House for the clumsy way in which my U.S. DEPARTMENT of STATE — BUREAU of CONSULAR AFFAIRS. of what the noble Lord has said I am in entire agree- I hope and believe that that time has now come, and that that review can be made with advantage to all concerned. I think that is quite a good innovation. Last year, however, I gather that there were over 8,000 cases of emergency! As I draw attention in the Motion, as drafted, specially to the Merchant Navy, I think it is essential that I should make it clear that I very much regret it if I have put anything in the Motion which gives a false impression of the stringent conditions that exist lo see that that privilege (if that is the right word) is not abused. But the fact remains that, for the time being at any rate, we must maintain our defences. But what is not becoming less difficult and dangerous is the need of British industry to have highly educated and trained people to maintain our industry ahead of competition in the world. There is, in particular, a shortage of deck ratings, and it was found in the last war that peace time catering ratings, with their previous sea experience, most of them having passed through the National Sea Training schools and having had basic training in seamanship, made better material for training for the deck department than untrained men. 446 nothing as a result of their escapade. I think I heard it said—and I fancy that the noble Lord, Lord Cherwell, would rather like this—that all scientists ought to be deferred because of their great importance to industry and research. I was hoping that he would carry out his first decision—namely, talk to the Motion that is on the Paper instead of speaking against it. One should note that occupational exemption was rarely absolute. Men were exempt from National Service if they worked in one of the three "essential services" of coal-mining, farming and the Merchant Navy. On the other hand, we have unskilled, often relatively uneducated, lads, only marginally learning to man our merchant ships, and very often learning to do odd jobs in the catering trade, in a floating luxury hotel. 438 I did not intend it to be thought that persons who joined the Merchant Navy in the catering department did so only for the purpose of avoiding National Service, because that is certainly not so; but I will explain some of the reasons why there are advantages to be obtained in continuing training in such a way without a break for National Service. Details of the application process are available from charity-neo@culture.gov.uk List of Holders of an Exemption Order The 47 holders of Orders of Exemption made under Section 3 of the House to House Collections Act 1939 are: Action Aid 33-39 Bowling Green Lane London EC1R 0BJ Action for Children 3 The Boulevard Ascot Road That is a long time: it means that they have to remain as sea for eight years, and only then are they exempt from call-up. 440 I have served both desk and combat jobs and lived through it. 448 But such men are in a small minority, because in a modern ship engineers of all kinds have to play a much larger part than the deck staff. The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. One curious thing is that on the railways, both in this country and on the Continent, it is a recognised fact that in an emergency a man who is an efficient driver or an efficient railway engineer would be exempted from ordinary military service and would do as a soldier the work he normally does, because without that form of communication the Army I can assure my noble friend, Lord Cherwell, that we do try to use National Servicemen who are skilled in a particular job in a job for which they are well suited. Until recently, all young men—perhaps 12,000 a year—were exempted entirely from military service because they proposed to undertake agricultural work. LORD GLYN rose to ask Her Majesty's Government whether an immediate review will be made of those persons who, being members of a certain trade or calling, are excused National Service, with special reference to the term "Seamen" being held to cover persons liable for National Service but who have no qualifications other than being waiters; and to move for Papers. Such men are protected from call-up only while they are satisfactorily engaged on the work in question, and if they leave it before reaching the age of 26 they become available for call-up. Some people aren't eligible for jury service or can get excused because of their job. Throughout the debates it was made clear that if an emergency arose, it was unlikely that persons could not exist. Motion for Papers, by leave, withdrawn. Surely no one can defend this sort of inverted privilege, which penalises brains and ability and wastes our national substance without one iota of advantage to the State. Ultimately, exemption depends on the results of the medical check-up and the decision of the AFC. Surely everybody must realise that their researches lie at the root of all progress. These bonds were strengthened by the discipline imposed on them from basic training onwards. National Insurance Contributions, as all other workers do: % There are 1,200,000 people working over state pension age; % Lots of people stay in the same job, to whom the current exemption comes as an unexpected and unneeded pay rise; % At least £1.5 billion extra National Insurance revenue could be … The same is true of a man who sits for his master's ticket: we want a man who is a navigating officer to take his examinations, so that he can become proficient as a master. With very few exceptions, people, in Parliament and outside, believe that National Service is a necessity at the present time. Students traveling from the Schengen Area, the UK, and Ireland with valid F-1 and M-1 visas do not need to contact an embassy or consulate to seek an individual national interest exception to travel. The Forces, in point of fact, have a particular need for young scientists who have degrees in engineering, physics and mathematics, and it has been estimated that in 1955 the Services will recruit rather less than half what they need. It is vital that they turn out a good aircraft. I think your Lordships will agree with me that it is essential that, in the event of war, we should have immediately available a large body of trained seamen, and with A large number of young men join the Merchant Navy for the purpose of making their careers at sea. There seems to be a want of balance and planning about it all. They certainly thought that it was ill-advised and ill-timed, in view of the fact that the proportion of men who came out on strike Was very small. If we are going to have an efficient ship, we must have satisfactory catering arrangements, especially in the Atlantic trade, where we are in violent competition with the liners of other countries who pay special attention to catering and to the comforts of passengers. There is, for instance, the College of Aeronautics, which some of us have had the privilege of visiting. Compare this fact with the narrow, grudging acceptance of the importance of research of the highest class—8,000 men to hoe turnips as against 50 to do high-grade research in a university. In common parlance, perhaps, most people think that a seaman is a man who pulls on a rope—possibly what is called a deckhand. A great many men who join the Merchant Navy have already done their National Service, and, indeed, a great many are ex-Regulars—men who have been batmen, cooks and so on join the Merchant Navy on leaving the Services. Moreover, the demands of the Merchant Navy for trained manpower in war time are very large and are increased by the movement to the Royal Navy. I now find myself in this position: that the noble Lord has spent about one-third of his time eulogising all branches of the Mercantile Marine and has then gone on to another subject. § The Air Force depends on how efficient the manufacturers are. 1- CENSUS National service census is a compulsory administrative operation. These three callings are obviously of great national importance. 442 § 434 All able-bodied South Korean men aged between 18 … After the end of the Second World War, National Service as peacetime conscription was formalised in the UK by the National Service Act of 1948. Surely it is just as important to staff our schoolrooms and laboratories as to staff the bars and restaurants in our luxury liners. They also serve who…stand and wait, As Lord Glyn has said, miners are exempted from military service, but mining is notoriously a somewhat unpleasant, and perhaps even a relatively dangerous, job; and in view of its vital importance and the need for it to continue in war time a good case can be made out for treating the miners diferently. § explain what is the overall position with regard to deferment of National Service—deferment, not exemption, for there is no exemption. I hope he will have realised, from what I have said, that the Ministry of Labour is well aware of the need to keep these natters under review. But I do think the time has come when the Ministry of Defence and the Service Departments together, as they rely more than anybody on the proficiency of these technological people, should tackle this problem. Unofficially, it was also decided not to … With or without military service, we lose enough of our highly-trained people in this way we do not wish to add to the inducement by submitting them to military service, as against the people who are doing less important work. no deferment after he has got his degree except in the circumstances I have described. The position of waiters cannot be considered in isolation, although I know that there are some people—my noble friend, Lord Cherwell, is one—who say that there should be discrimination between what the public thinks of as a seaman, and a waiter in a restaurant in a luxury passenger liner. I think it might be for the convenience of your Lordships if, very briefly, I were to As the war progressed many women, as well as men unfit for combat, were trained to take essential jobs held by draftable men, releasing those men for service. I suggested that people carrying out important research, whose ability could be attested by the examinations that they had passed and the class they had achieved in the university and, maybe, by subsequent awards from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research or other bodies, should be allowed to proceed with their work, instead of being turned away to learn how to salute or to form fours, or threes, or whatever the numbers are nowadays. National Utilisource is one of the leading North American providers of top-rated energy supply to customers looking for large-scale energy consumption. I beg to move for Papers. If a national interest exception is approved, they may travel on either a valid visa or ESTA authorization, as appropriate. Had all the applications been granted, there would have been very little National Service, and the difficulties we should have been faced with long before today would have been great. it would be desirable or practicable to draw distinctions of usefulness. As I say, I recognise that it is necessary to have National Service and that it should be fairly administered, and that there are these three categories of the population who were exempted in the terms of the original Bill—that is to say, the coalminers who actually work at the face, the agricultural labourers and the Merchant Navy. Certain business travelers, investors, treaty traders, academics, students, and journalists may qualify for national interest exceptions under Presidential Proclamations (PPs) 9993 (Schengen Area) and 9996 (United Kingdom and Ireland). NATIONAL Service has only been in place in the UK at two points in modern times. 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