Brain Behav Immun (2020) 87:100–6. doi: 10.1002/gps.1432, 5. View all 3.360 10.53 % 3-année Journal Impact Journal Impact Classement 2020-21 Journal Impact Prédiction. United Nations (UN). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Another concern that COVID-19 raises in addition to potential supply chain disruptions is the possibility that people may use or misuse kratom in an attempt to inoculate themselves from COVID-19 infection or to self-treat the various symptoms associated with COVID-19, despite no scientific support for kratom use in such a manner (20, 21). Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care (2020) 9(3):241–7. Hollander JE, Carr BG. In response to the uncertainty of the kratom market, many vendors have increased their stock supply in recent months in preparation for potential pandemic-related disruptions. Hippocampal Functional Connectivity Mediates the Impact of Acceptance on Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Severity ... and those of clinical symptom severity, suggesting that experiential acceptance is a protective factor of symptoms or an early indicator of resilience after trauma. Sethi R, Hoang N, Ravishankar DA, McCracken M, Manzardo AM. Stress and sleep: a survey based on wearable sleep trackers among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the COVID-19 pandemic. 24. Impact Factor: 2.118 ℹ Impact Factor: 2019: 2.118 The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years. Med Sci Monit Basic Res (2020) 26:e924085. Reduced kratom access may also negatively impact the well-being of individuals who use kratom for the acute relief of psychological distress at a time of increasing socioeconomic uncertainty and stress. 17 doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.069, 10. These issues can also encourage shifts to more at-risk drug using behaviours such as use of drugs such as street benzodiazepines, and synthetic cannabinoids (31). STAT. Copyright © 2020 Chiappini, Guirguis, John, Corkery and Schifano. Temps de Révision. The problem worsened when enforcement agencies raided illegal kratom ports in the community—making it more difficult for opioid users and people with SUDs who were self-treating their dependence with kratom to obtain their regular supply. Of concern, some sources have noted increases in unscientific claims made by irresponsible vendors regarding kratom's supposed “anti-coronavirus” properties (23). 1. Abuse of medications that theoretically are without abuse potential. Specifically, COVID-19-related disruptions in kratom access/supply and use could increase the likelihood that users turn to more readily available, but more dangerous, products to self-treat symptoms they had primarily used kratom for. In such cases, regular kratom users may come to the clinical attention of healthcare professionals, possibly requiring prescribed treatment options in the absence of kratom (e.g., anxiolytics, antidepressants, analgesics, and opioid agonist therapies). Available online at: https://www.americankratom.org/mediak/news/consumer-alert-on-covid-19-claims-and-kratom.html (accessed November 4, 2020). The widespread use of kratom and consistent reports of its benefits or therapeutic value that are important to users raises the question: would sudden decreases in the availability of the plant have negative impacts on kratom users? (2019) 57:847–54. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.062. The Journal Impact Quartile of World Psychiatry is Q1 . Journals range from life sciences and health to engineering, robotics and humanities. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). COVID-19 mental health campaign launches (2020). Consumer Alert on COVID-19 Claims and Kratom Haymarket, Haymarket, VA: American Kratom Association (2020). Frontiers in Psychiatry Guest Editor Impact Factor = 3.13. With an Impact Factor of 2.857, Frontiers in Psychiatry is the 4th most-cited open-access journal in its field Journal impact: Frontiers in Endocrinology July 6, 2018 Supporting healthcare workers with appropriate equipment, training on telehealth and caring for their safety with respect to protection against infection and spread of infection, preventing violence and burglary in drug treatment services, pharmacies would enable robust support against a possible mental health wave post-pandemic. Swogger MT, Walsh Z. Kratom use and mental health: a systematic review. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.03.007, 10. Psychiatry 11:574483. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.574483. Risks of severe COVID and intensified mental health issues in people who use drugs (PWUD) include: physical comorbidity, e.g., lung or cardiovascular disease, HIV, viral hepatitis infections; psychological comorbidity, e.g., general distress, sleep disorders, anxiety/mood disorders, psychotic symptoms; and homelessness, incarceration, economic difficulties, and socioeconomic issues deriving from drug addiction (8, 11, 27, 28). Drug Alcohol Depend. Many users feared that they may not have access to their usual products for the rest of the year. JAMA Psychiatry (2020). DS and OG conceptualized the paper. 9. Specifically, access to community maintenance, e.g., expand methadone delivery via mobile teams for quarantined patients should be facilitated (40, 41). doi: 10.7326/M20-1212. Loop enables you to stay up-to-date with the latest discoveries and news, connect with researchers and form new collaborations. At least one vendor associated the increased demand with the Netflix production “A Leaf of Faith” (released 2018 but still available on Netflix), having several new customers mention their decision to try kratom as a result of having watched the documentary, rather than COVID-19 related issues. Loop is the open research network that increases the discoverability and impact of researchers and their work. Considering the potential importance of kratom as a self-treatment strategy or harm-reduction component for SUDs, an unanticipated supply disruption may lead to a rise in opioid and other drug use with subsequently increased risk for overdose and fatality. European Monitoring Centre for Drug and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). Received: 03 September 2020; Accepted: 18 November 2020; Published: 11 December 2020. Compared with historical Journal Impact data, the Metric 2019 of Frontiers in Psychiatry grew by 10.53% . 22. Encephale (2020) 46(3S):S3–S13. Due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, a shortage in the supply of kratom products may place unexpected burdens on kratom users, potentially influencing some who use kratom for SUD self-treatment to regress to harmful drug use, hence increasing the likelihood of adverse outcomes, including overdose. Distributors who obtain a majority of their kratom product from Thailand were able to continue typical purchasing levels until February 2020, which resulted in a stockpile due to shop closures related to mandated lock-downs and social distancing. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.08.034, 11. Overdose risk for addicted people who are home-isolating, and hence with typically no one to inject them with naloxone, should be considered in a time of overloaded emergency services and healthcare systems in general (27, 29). Disrupted trade routes via sea or air have been reported for some kratom products, although it is unknown to what degree this has impacted global kratom supply to date. The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. In an unexpected situation, if there is an imminent increase in kratom fatalities/toxicities arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, enforcement agencies may use the scenario as a precedent to legally or effectively ban kratom use. Henningfield JE, Fant RV, Wang DW. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa): user demographics, use patterns, and implications for the opioid epidemic. Healthcare Personnel and First Responders: How to Cope with Stress and Build Resilience During the COVID-19 Pandemic (2020). Holmes EA, O’Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, et al. However, in-person consultations are still needed for certain groups of patients where maintenance in treatment is at risk. El Metric de Impacto 2019 de Frontiers in Psychiatry es 3.360 (Datos más recientes en 2020). Coping with the Collision of Public Health Crises: COVID-19 and Substance Use Disorders (2020b). Citation: Yu Y, Xiao X, Yang M, Ge X-p, Li T-x, Cao G and Liao Y-j (2020) Personal Recovery and Its Determinants Among People Living With Schizophrenia in China. A first-of-its-kind study published in Frontiers in Psychiatry found that more than a third of medical staff responding to the outbreak during its peak in China suffered from insomnia. Healthcare providers, including pharmacists, and public health policies are challenged to: develop strategies to implement prevention measures against transmission of COVID-19 in drug users settings, such as preventing overcrowding or sharing drug-using equipment; and ensure continuity of care for drug-users and people with SUDs. This was at least partially due to the import alert issued by FDA in February 2014 which resulted in companies restricting inventory to avoid FDA seizure (19). Supply and Use. 20. South Med J (2015) 108(3):151–7. With an Impact Factor of 2.857, Frontiers in Psychiatry is the world's 4th most-cited open-access Psychiatry journal & ranks in the top journal impact metrics FRONTIERS HOME ABOUT Loop enables you to stay up-to-date with the latest discoveries and news, connect with researchers and form new collaborations. |, https://www.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/dtac/srb_sept2015.pdf, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/covid-19-mental-health-campaign-launches, https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/mental-health-considerations.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/mental-health-healthcare.html, https://www.epicentro.iss.it/en/coronavirus/sars-cov-2-stress-management-healthcare-workers, www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/coronavirus.html, http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/topic-overviews/covid-19-and-people-who-use-drugs_en, https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/05/1063512, https://directorsblog.nih.gov/2020/04/21/coping-with-the-collision-of-public-health-crises-covid-19-and-substance-use-disorders/, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/acmd-advice-on-covid-19-emergency-legislation-to-enable-supply-of-controlled-drugs, https://www.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/faqs-for-oud-prescribing-and-dispensing.pdf, https://www.statnews.com/2020/03/17/covid-19-will-worsen-the-opioid-overdose-crisis-if-we-dont-prepare-now/, Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). See the latest science, research & news from Frontiers, an open access publisher of some of the world's most-cited journals including neuroscience, human neuroscience, immunology, plant science and more. *Correspondence: Stefania Chiappini, stefaniachiappini9@gmail.com; Amira Guirguis, amira.guirguis@swansea.ac.uk, Front. Frontiers in Psychiatry Journal Impact 2019-20. En comparación con el Metric de Impacto histórico, el Metric de Impacto 2019 de Frontiers in Psychiatry creció un 10.53 %.El cuartil del Metric de impacto de Frontiers in Psychiatry es Q1. Suicide risk and prevention during the COVID-19 pandemic. United States Food and Drug Administration. PB provides scientific guidance on dietary supplement manufacture and regulatory compliance to companies, associations, and government and in her capacity as Director of Applied Research at BCIT engages in contract research on medicinal plants, including Kratom. Publication type: Journals: ISSN: 16640640: Coverage: 2010-2020: Scope: Frontiers in Psychiatry publishes rigorously peer-reviewed research across a wide spectrum of translational, basic and clinical research. Using community and personal contacts, we were alerted to several important factors that warrant investigation. WellBeingTrust.org. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth., Rubiaceae) is a tree native to Southeast Asia with psychoactive properties due to the presence of indole alkaloids (1, 2). Received: 13 June 2020; Accepted: 20 July 2020;Published: 29 July 2020. In response to the long-lasting and wide-ranging challenging effects of the pandemic (5, 12, 19, 27, 29), some harm-avoiding interventions have been adopted, including: more flexible take-home-medication treatment programmes for opioid addicted patients (33, 34); guidance for facilitating controlled substance prescribing (26, 29, 35); tele-health for monitoring drug-dependent patients; and access to virtual support groups through online meetings (15, 26, 32). Wu K, Wei X. The Journal Impact 2019-2020 of Frontiers in Psychiatry is 3.360, which is just updated in 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2016.05.004, 5. Takayama H. Chemistry and pharmacology of analgesic indole alkaloids from the rubiaceous plant, Mitragyna speciosa. COVID-19: stress management among healthcare workers (2020). AG-R serves as a scientific advisor for ETHA Natural Botanicals, a distributor of kratom supplements. 34. Our on-the-ground conversations provided an outlook of how kratom growers, vendors, and users perceive COVID-19 and its impact, providing a starting point for systematic investigation. These disruptions are likely to grow and further increase risks for people who use drugs, for example by increasing variability in drug purity, the likelihood of adulteration, and contamination of heroin supply with synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl. Analysis of Psychological and Sleep Status and Exercise Rehabilitation of Front-Line Clinical Staff in the Fight Against COVID-19 in China. The medicinal chemistry and neuropharmacology of kratom: a preliminary discussion of a promising medicinal plant and analysis of its potential for abuse. (2020) 288:112954. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112954. (2019) 128:105851. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105851, Keywords: COVID-19, kratom, SUD, OUD, withdrawal, Citation: Singh D, Brown PN, Cinosi E, Corazza O, Henningfield JE, Garcia-Romeu A, McCurdy CR, McMahon LR, Prozialeck WC, Smith KE, Swogger MT, Veltri C, Walsh Z and Grundmann O (2020) Current and Future Potential Impact of COVID-19 on Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth.) Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa): friend or foe? Ann Intern Med (2020) 173(1):59–60. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth., Rubiaceae) is native to and has traditional use in Southeast Asia. (2016) 59:8381–97. The healthcare workers who experienced sleeplessness were also more likely to feel depressed, anxious and have stress-based trauma, according to the paper. Psychiatry, 26 November 2020 New York, NY: Bloomberg (2018). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). 7. The Journal Impact measures the average number of citations received in a particular year (2019) by papers published in the journal during the two preceding years (2017-2018). doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2017.08.026, 3. J Clin Psychiatry (2020) 81(3):20com13370. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2020.04.005. Schifano F. Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenarios: The New/Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon. Chan SM, Chiu FK, Lam CW, Leung PY, Conwell Y. Levine DA. ISSN: 0165-1781. Biomed Res Int. N Eng J Med (2020). Kawohl W, Nordt C. COVID-19, unemployment, and suicide. AKA. Suicide Mortality and Coronavirus Disease 2019—A Perfect Storm? This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). 19. Thakur V, Jain A. COVID 2019-Suicides: A global psychological pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry (2020) 7(6):468–71. EU Drug Markets: Impact of COVID-19. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2019.1569236, 13. CDC, 2020; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Int Psychogeriatr (2020), 16. doi: 10.1017/S1041610220000770. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2020.1752351. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi (2020) 38(3):192–5. 23. Volkow ND. 27. View all Psychiatry 11:767. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00767. Lancet Psychiatry (2020) 7(6):547–60. Various internet studies found that some kratom users are concerned about the possibility of relapsing to opioids and/or seeking alternative, possibly questionable, sources of kratom if products become less readily available. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc care ( 2020 ) of death associated with kratom use and mental and... For using kratom ( Mitragyna speciosa ): friend or foe, Kilaru U. Outpatient induction. Brain Behav Immun ( 2020 frontiers in psychiatry impact factor 2020 robotics and humanities: 29 July 2020 of drugs ( PWUD ) Drug. 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