Why German personal pronouns are tricky for English speakers: German has more personal pronoun cases. It can also mean “she” or “it” (when the gender of the object is feminine, as in die Tür). In English, we have the personal pronouns we use when someone is the subject of the sentence: I, you, he, she, it, we, they. In German, it is called Befehlsform and the imperative sentence: Aufforderungssatz. These correspond to the three different ways of saying you: du, ihr and Sie.However, it is only in the Sie form of the imperative that the pronoun usually appears – in the du and ihr forms, the pronoun is generally dropped, leaving only the verb. Click on one of the links below for an in-depth explanation with exercises for each of the individual German cases. Download “Exercise: The Difference Between Sie and sie” Exercises-on-Sie-and-sie.docx – Downloaded 312 times – 121 KB This means either "You speak German" or "They speak German", and it is completely up to the context to determine which one it is. SINGULAR # 1. But here the focus is the singular form of “you”, which in German can be expressed as “du” or "Sie”. Sie (=pronoun) fragte ihren Mann (=article) nach seiner Meinung (=article). Learn the 4 German Noun Cases Like many languages, German has pronouns for both familiar (used with family members, intimate friends, and children) and polite forms of address. For example, "Sie sprechen Deutsch." But the context normally shows if the sentence expresses talking about people or things in plural (“they”) or talking to someone in the courtesy form (“you”). – Rudy Velthuis Nov 27 '17 at 17:55 English words for Sie include you, them and they. In German, there are three main forms of the imperative that are used to give instructions or orders to someone. When capitalized, Sie means " you" in the singular. But not if it is the feminine personal pronoun „sie“ („she“) or the plural personal pronoun „sie“ („they“). Find more German words at wordhippo.com! 1 Using the imperative. These are all present forms of the German verb “sein”, which means “to be” Let’s conjugate sein in the present tense. “Ihr” requires -t and “du” requires -st. Getting the subject and verb to match or agree is called conjugation. The imperative is a grammar mood. Du bist = You are (singular, informal you) # 3. If „Sie“ is used as the formal form of „you“, it is capitalized. Drink a beer with me! Of course there are other uses for sie. Trink ein Bier mit mir! But even for native German speakers, it’s getting harder to decide. The polite equivalent of "you" is "Sie." Aber ihr Mann (=article) antwortete ihr (=pronoun) nicht. IOW, „sie“ can have different meanings, and only oneof those is capitalized. Personal pronouns and possessive pronouns have to be declined in German grammar. Er/Sie/Es ist: He/She/It is PLURAL # 1. "Sie spricht Deutsch." Ich bin = I am # 2. Lies den Text vor Read the text aloud. Even if you are new to the German language or still struggling with the endless grammatical rules, you are probably aware of the precarious business of when to use du or Sie – the informal and formal forms of “you”, when addressing someone in German. The verbs following the formal form of "you"—"Sie"—are conjugated identically as in the third-person plurals. German Verb Conjugation with du, ihr and Sie If you haven’t picked up on the pattern yet, when you use “Sie” as the subject of your sentence, the verb ends with -en. Sie kommen aus Berlin. On this page, you will find an overview of the declension of pronouns in all of the cases. 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