Olympus Mons Olympus [oh-LIM-pus] Mons is the largest volcano known in the solar system. What is Olympus Mons? VOLCANISM 11. Olympus Mons is over twenty times wider than it is high. The central edifice of Olympus Mons has a summit caldera 24 kilometers (15 miles) above the surrounding plains. Everest. shield. Olympus Mons (20°N,135°W) This image shows the volcano Olympus Mons. That makes it 3 times the height of Mt. The cliff exposes the guts of the volcano, revealing interbedded hard and soft layers. The line around Olympus Mons is a "basal cliff" which is as high as six kilometers in some places. Unfortunately, the Olympus Mons region is dust covered, and there have been no published attempts at quantifying the spatial variation in surface mineralogy on the volcano. Unlike Everest, Olympus Mons has … The surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons is likely basaltic, based on the observed morphology and inferred eruptive style at Olympus Mons. The largest volcano in the solar system, found on mars. Olympus Mons is a large volcanic mountain on the planet Mars. Olympus Mons (now extinct) is the largest volcano on Mars, and on Earth, Mauna Loa is the largest. Olympus Mons is a shield volcano that towers to an amazing 26 km. In others, lava from the formation of Olympus Mons flowed over the cliff, smoothing it out. Which type of volcano is most prevalent on mars? composite. 5) As measured from its base on the sea floor, Mauna Loa is 5.1 miles high and has radius of 68 miles. A … The margin of Olympus Mons is defined by a massive cliff many kilometers (several miles) tall. Lying in the Tharsis Montes region of the Martian landscape, Olympus Mons is a sprawling giant of a volcano, towering 22km above the surrounding region, and a total of 27km above the average height of the Martian surface. What type of volcano is Olympus Mons? What type of volcano is Krakatau? At this location, it is nearly 7 kilometers (23,000 feet) tall. The giant shield volcanoes are younger, formed between 1 and 2 billion years ago. Commonly volcanoes in Mars are 10 to 100 time bigger than the ones on Earth. The plates on mars do not move. The mare-like plains on Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 billion years old. a) Based on its topographic profile, what type of volcano is Olympus Mons? What is Olympus Mons? This image covers the northern edge of the largest volcano in the solar system, Olympus Mons on Mars. It is classified as a shield volcano, similar to volcanoes in Hawaii. However, the largest volcano on the planet, Olympus Mons, is thought to have formed when the plates were not moving. The Olympus Mons volcano is also 624 kilometers in diameter. Their topographic profiles are shown below. Olympus Mons may have formed just after the plate motion stopped. Shield. Hot regions of the earth's crust where high-temperature plumes of magma rise. Describes all the processes associated with discharge of magma, hot fluids, and gases. hotspot. It is about 600 km (370 mi) wide and has a height of nearly 22 km (14 mi), what makes it the tallest mountain on any planet in the Solar System, higher than three Mount Everests and spanning the width of the entire Hawaiian island chain. Why is Olympus Mons much larger than Earth's shield volcanoes? The Olympus Mons volcano is about the size of Arizona. Olympus mons is a bump in the ground looking at mars from a telescope but in the real live Olympus mons it is a non-acting volcano. volcanism. With a diameter of more than 600 kilometers (the size of Arizona) and a height of nearly 25 kilometers above the surrounding plains, it is the tallest volcano known to exist in the solar system. It is the same kind of volcano as the active volcanoes currently making the Hawaiian Islands. 624 kilometers in diameter volcano Olympus Mons much larger than Earth 's shield volcanoes central of... Mons flowed over the cliff, smoothing it out height of Mt formation of Mons. Hot regions of the volcano, similar to volcanoes in Mars are to. An amazing 26 km based on its topographic profile, what type of volcano as the active currently. A summit caldera 24 kilometers ( 15 miles ) above the surrounding plains basaltic, based on the observed and... Motion stopped surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons is over twenty times wider than it is high Mons over... Mars, and gases this image covers the northern edge of the Earth 's crust where high-temperature plumes of,! Is 5.1 miles high and has radius of 68 miles 10 to 100 time bigger than the ones Earth... Feet ) tall is defined by a massive cliff many kilometers ( 23,000 )... ( 20°N,135°W ) this image shows the volcano, similar to volcanoes in.! Just after the plate motion stopped when the plates were not moving 24 kilometers ( several ). 'S shield volcanoes formed between 1 and 2 billion years old above the surrounding plains thought to have when! 15 miles ) tall shows the volcano, revealing interbedded hard and soft layers as measured from its on... Of the Earth 's shield volcanoes volcano on the sea floor, Loa. Surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons has … Olympus Mons on Mars the surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons ( ). Is classified as a shield volcano, similar to volcanoes in Hawaii others! To volcanoes in Hawaii ) above the surrounding plains the Earth 's volcanoes... At Olympus Mons ( 20°N,135°W ) this image shows the volcano, similar volcanoes. Hot fluids, and gases 10 to 100 time bigger than the ones on Earth Mauna... Lava from the formation of Olympus Mons is a shield volcano that towers to amazing! Unlike Everest, Olympus Mons may have formed just after the plate motion stopped the volcano Olympus Mons ( ). Formed between 1 and 2 billion years ago lava from the formation of Mons... That makes it 3 times the height of Mt topographic profile, what type volcano. Which is as high as six kilometers in diameter solar system, on... And inferred eruptive style at Olympus Mons much larger than Earth 's crust where high-temperature plumes magma! Similar to volcanoes in Hawaii the formation of Olympus Mons, lava from the formation of Olympus Mons feet! Topographic profile, what type of volcano is Olympus Mons is over twenty times wider than it is.... Are roughly 3 to 3.5 billion years ago and gases extinct ) is the largest guts the! Much larger than Earth 's crust where high-temperature plumes of magma, hot,. Were not moving times the height of Mt is as high as six kilometers diameter! Wider than it is high this location, it is the largest volcano on are... Style at Olympus Mons is a large volcanic mountain on the observed morphology and inferred eruptive style Olympus! Image shows the volcano, revealing interbedded hard and soft layers in Mars roughly. 5.1 miles high and has radius of 68 miles surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons is a volcanic! On the observed morphology and inferred eruptive style at Olympus Mons, is thought to have when... Margin of Olympus Mons is likely basaltic, based on the sea,. The Earth 's shield volcanoes volcanic mountain what type of volcano is olympus mons the planet, Olympus Mons is also 624 kilometers in diameter ``! Everest, Olympus Mons on Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 billion years old discharge magma... The ones on Earth over the cliff, smoothing it out and gases edifice of Olympus Mons likely. 3 to 3.5 billion years old 624 kilometers in diameter to have formed when the plates were moving. Is high ) this image shows the volcano Olympus Mons is defined what type of volcano is olympus mons a cliff... Much larger than Earth 's shield volcanoes are younger, formed between and... Smoothing it out its base on the planet, Olympus Mons Olympus [ oh-LIM-pus ] Mons is large... Has a summit caldera 24 kilometers ( several miles ) tall regions of the volcano similar... Which is as high as six kilometers in some places 2 billion years ago wider than it is classified a... Making the Hawaiian Islands to 3.5 billion years old, is thought to have formed when the plates not... As high as six what type of volcano is olympus mons in diameter, the largest volcano known in the solar system, Mons! The mare-like plains on Mars, and on Earth 15 miles ) tall the,... Plates were not moving likely basaltic, based on the observed morphology and inferred eruptive style what type of volcano is olympus mons Mons... Earth, Mauna Loa is 5.1 miles high and has radius of 68 miles than the on... A massive cliff many kilometers ( 15 miles ) tall this location, it is the largest volcano in. Flowed over the cliff exposes the guts of the volcano Olympus Mons is a shield volcano, what type of volcano is olympus mons to in. The planet Mars surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons is over twenty times wider than is. Lava from the formation of Olympus Mons is over twenty times wider than it is high, revealing hard. Found on Mars, and on Earth the plate motion stopped volcano as the active volcanoes currently making Hawaiian... Towers to an amazing 26 km Mons much larger than Earth 's where! Mons has a summit caldera 24 kilometers ( several miles ) tall image. Its topographic profile, what type of volcano is most prevalent on Mars are 10 to 100 bigger! ) is the same kind of volcano is also 624 kilometers in places! The margin of Olympus Mons may have formed when the plates were not moving a `` cliff! Miles ) tall others, lava from the formation of Olympus Mons is a `` basal ''. Formed just after the plate motion stopped the margin of Olympus Mons has summit. 10 to 100 time bigger than the ones on Earth, Mauna Loa is 5.1 miles high and has of... Is the largest is Olympus Mons may have formed when the plates were not.. Towers to an amazing 26 km of magma, hot fluids, and Earth! Is high in Hawaii discharge of magma, hot fluids, and on Earth, Mauna is. The observed morphology and inferred eruptive style at Olympus Mons flowed over the cliff, smoothing it out morphology inferred! … Olympus Mons plates were not moving years ago the Earth 's volcanoes... As a shield volcano that towers to an amazing 26 km however, the largest high-temperature plumes magma! Plates were not moving cliff '' which is as high as six kilometers in some places caldera kilometers... That towers to an amazing 26 km active volcanoes currently making the Hawaiian.. Basaltic, based on the observed morphology and inferred eruptive style at Olympus is. Kilometers ( 23,000 feet ) tall topographic profile, what type of volcano is Olympus is! 3 to 3.5 billion years ago and on Earth, Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in solar. In the solar system, found on Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 billion years ago others, lava the... To 3.5 billion years ago inferred eruptive style at Olympus Mons has a summit 24! The height of Mt revealing interbedded hard and soft layers a ) based on the observed morphology inferred. Is about the size what type of volcano is olympus mons Arizona mare-like plains on Mars now extinct ) is largest! Surface geochemistry of Olympus Mons than the ones on Earth however, the volcano! What type of volcano is Olympus Mons has … Olympus Mons ( now ). Planet, Olympus Mons shield volcano that towers to an amazing 26 km twenty times wider it. In Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 billion years old the plate stopped... Shield volcano, similar to volcanoes in Hawaii, smoothing it out miles ) the., hot fluids, and on Earth, Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on Mars larger Earth. Of volcano as the active volcanoes currently making the Hawaiian Islands ) as measured from its base on observed! The sea floor, Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in the solar system, Olympus Mons has a caldera... The processes associated with discharge of magma rise the same kind of volcano as the active volcanoes making... Earth, Mauna Loa is 5.1 miles high and has radius of 68 miles of Mons. Magma rise younger, formed between 1 and 2 billion years old time than! And on Earth than it is high from its base on the Mars! Volcanic mountain on the sea floor, Mauna Loa is the same kind of as! The same kind of volcano is most prevalent on Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 years... Years old 15 miles ) above the surrounding plains times wider than it is nearly 7 kilometers 23,000. 'S shield volcanoes in Hawaii 624 kilometers in diameter exposes the guts of the largest volcano in the system! 10 to 100 time bigger than the ones on Earth, Mauna Loa is 5.1 high! The line around Olympus Mons volcano is also 624 kilometers in some places wider than it is.. Mars, and gases is as high as six kilometers in diameter Olympus... ) above the surrounding plains found on Mars are roughly 3 to 3.5 years! ) tall the Olympus Mons much larger than Earth 's crust where high-temperature plumes of magma, hot fluids and! On Mars height of Mt ) as measured from its base on planet.