} { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbTabletSlots = [ Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. The benefic.. Former Maletswayi Local Municipality Speaker Kholekile Lange, 46, has been ordered to pay back the municipality R65 000 in instalments of R3000 from January next year. Municipality definition is - a primarily urban political unit having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. - The Municipality of Ashfield was a local government area in the Inner West of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, How to pronounce municipal issuer. than the rest of society, I don’t know him from Adam: phrases containing names, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. 'max': 30, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Definition of municipality. FILE: The municipality identified three locations in Durban where many of them were relocated but others were bused to a Cape Town shelter. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); }; We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Town Meeting voted 178-8 to ban the technol.. BEIRUT (AP) — Angry protesters attacked the municipality headquarters in Lebanon's second largest city, Tripoli, on Tuesday, smashing windows and setting a room on fire, in an outburst of vi.. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}]; {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, 'increment': 0.05, Meta description: Hear the pronunciation of municipal in American English, spoken by real native speakers. Angry residents attacked the municipality headquarters in the northern Lebanese city of Tripoli on Tuesday, smashing windows and setting a room on fire, an outburst of violence that came aft.. READ NOW: The parents of the toddler who fell from the 11th-floor of a Royal Caribbean cruise ship are suing the company (RCL) » SHARE THIS POST your MARKET VIEW Your Personalized Market Cen.. Lakeshore Mayor Tom Bain — who voted in favour of the change — said one of the reasons for the change was to protect community identity. How to say municipal. gdpr: { Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Subscribe to learn and pronounce a new word each day! 1 in America for wage growth on the Inc. magazine's annual Surge Cities list, a guide to the best 50 cities in the United States for starting a business. Keep up. municipality pronunciation. [Download PDF] Pronounce it Perfectly in French: With Audio CDs (Pronounce It Perfectly CD) }); Definition of municipality in the Definitions.net dictionary. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); name: "_pubcid", },{ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}]; The Apis Cor 3D printer is mobile and was moved around the construction site.. Five locals were recognized at a recent Hillsborough Township Committee meeting as part of a Somerset County-sponsored awards program. enableSendAllBids: false, English Pronunciation of Municipal. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Municipal definition is - of or relating to the internal affairs of a major political unit (such as a nation). var pbHdSlots = [ "authorizationFallbackResponse": { - A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subord. Learn more. Angry protesters attack Lebanese city's municipality, 6,888-sf Dubai Municipality building is the largest 3D printed building to date, Kyei Baffour is the Overall Best Farmer for Ga West Municipality, Turkish municipality to purchase cement via tender, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Municipality of -- Moody's withdraws the issuer ratings of the Municipality of San Pedro Garza García, Tehran Municipality to award movies promoting less waste, No longer a town: Lakeshore becomes municipality after council vote, Tuxpan, Municipality of (VeraCruz) -- Moody's upgrades the Municipality of Tuxpan's ratings to B1/Baa2.mx and changes the outlook to stable, Angry residents attack Lebanese municipality headquarters, Hillsborough locals recognized by county and municipality for achievements, Tulsa top municipality for wage growth on Inc. magazine's 'Surge Cities' list, Illinois Municipality Concludes Probe on Hostile Work Environment, Viimsi municipality government overturns decision to fire principal, Limpopo municipality where two ANC leaders were killed placed under administration, Oudtshoorn Municipality looking into how councillor was paid Mayco salary, Shock, anger after KZN municipality fires 223 staff, South Africa: Former EC municipality speaker ordered to pay back money, Sixty PWDs in Bibiani Municipality get support, Local municipalities in Italy ask taxes from religious schools, Cardenal Caro Province governor: Pichilemu Municipality to leave 107 families homeless, Wikinews investigates the reconstruction of Pichilemu, Chile after February earthquake, VI Congress of Mayors and Councilors of the O'Higgins Region takes place in Pichilemu, Chile, Ontario Votes 2007: Interview with Liberal candidate Brian Jackson, Oxford, Colegio Preciosa Sangre, Pichilemu, amidst other Chilean schools celebrate Student's Day, Pacaya volcano erupts; "state of public calamity" declared, Ontario Votes 2007: Interview with Liberal candidate Kate Holloway, Trinity-Spadina, Next political election in Italy will be on April 9, 2006, World conference of expatriate Greeks to take place in Athens, Deadly shooting at high school in Finland, Ontario Votes 2007: Interview with NDP candidate Paul Johnstone, Bruce-Grey-Owen Sound, Special report on Japanese tsunami emergency in Pichilemu, Chile. How to say Municipality in English? or pronounce in different accent or variation ? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, if(window.__tcfapi) }); partner: "uarus31" You can contribute this audio pronunciation of Municipality to HowToPronounce dictionary. to do so, Vancouver Island race track abandons expansion plan, takes legal action against municipality, eThekwini Municipality facing legal action over relocation of homeless people. This is the British English pronunciation of municipality. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); type: "html5", F. municipal… How to pronounce municipal bond. municeps an inhabitant of a free town, a free citizen; munia official duties, functions + capere to take: cf. }); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}]; expires: 365 'max': 36, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, }, },{ Record yourself saying 'municipal' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, Listen to the audio pronunciation of Calpulalpan (municipality) on pronouncekiwi. Featured on the list.. storage: { Deutsch: Niederländische Aussprache der Provinz- und Gemeindenamen in den Niederlanden sortiert nach Provinz Français : Prononciation des noms des provinces et communes en néerlandais, triés par province googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Subscribe for more videos! var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, How to pronounce municipal. (English pronunciations of municipality from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus and from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary, both sources © Cambridge University Press), a person or group of people with less power, money, etc. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pronunciation/english/municipality"); Seems like your pronunciation of Municipality is not correct. The Limpopo executive council (exco) has put the troubled Mogalakwena Local Municipality under administration to, among others, stabilise the volatile situation which led to the killing of t.. Log in or { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); name: "idl_env", Listen to the audio pronunciation of Ethekwini municipality on pronouncekiwi. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Congrats! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, bidderSequence: "fixed" "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording. params: { type: "cookie", type: "html5", googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); googletag.cmd.push(function() { Pronunciation of municipalities with 2 audio pronunciations, 11 translations, 2 sentences and more for municipalities. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}]; Crowdsourced audio pronunciation dictionary for 89 languages, with meanings, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more. How to say municipalities in English? Learn how to pronounce Municipal in Spanish with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from Latin America and Spain. pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { At the Nov. 12 meeting, municipal officials recognized.. Sixty Persons with Disability (PWDs) in the Bibiani Anhwianso Bekwai Municipality of the Western North Region have received support from the Assembly to enhance their activities. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, } }, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Congrats! or post as a guest. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Listen to the audio pronunciation of Calkiní Municipality on pronouncekiwi. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, 'cap': true Learn how to pronounce Municipal in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the United States and the United Kingdom. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, The Viimsi rural municipality government has overturned its decision to fire the principal of Haabneeme School, Sirje Toomla, over incidents of violence at the school after announcing she wo.. {{app.userTrophy[app.userTrophyNo].hints}}, Brookline bans facial recognition technology, becomes second municipality in Mass. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Definition and synonyms of municipality from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Pronunciation of Municipality with 4 audio pronunciations, 12 synonyms, 3 meanings, 13 translations, 33 sentences and more for … 'cap': true var pbMobileHrSlots = [ iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, }, tcData.listenerId); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pronunciation/english/municipality"); Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Municipality definition, a city, town, or other district possessing corporate existence and usually its own local government. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. }; expires: 60 var pbMobileLrSlots = [ municipium a town, particularly in Italy, which possessed the right of Roman citizenship, but was governed by its own laws, a free town, fr. How to say municipal issuer. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) Picture: Www.durban.gov.za DURBAN - An organisatio.. Cape Town - Oudtshoorn Municipality is investigating how ward councillor Marcellis Theyse, elected in a by-election last year, is receiving the salary of a Mayco member even though he is an.. ... Oudtshoorn Local Municipality - Oudtshoorn Municipality is a municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus. Meaning of municipality. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, an urban district having corporate status and powers of self-government; people living in a town or city having local self-government; A district enjoying municipal government; Synonyms of municipality. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Sign in to disable ALL ads. var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); Oops! Learn more. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; },{ - The Municipality of Waterloo was a local government area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. - The Municipality of Mascot was a local government area in the inner south of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Pronunciation of municipal bond with 1 audio pronunciation, 2 synonyms, 1 meaning, 13 translations, 3 sentences and more for municipal bond. initAdSlotRefresher(); dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, defaultGdprScope: true Spanish Pronunciation of Municipal. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? params: { “Those movies that promote less waste will be honored at the National Will Manifestation Awards this year during the Fajr Film Festival,” Tehran Waste Management Organization director Sadred.. READ NOW: Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz is reportedly looking at a direct listing for his $1.5 billion startup Asana to go public next year (AMZN) » SHARE THIS POST your MARKET VIEW Y.. News on the website Trend.az marked as , is available ONLY to subscribers of TREND International News Agency. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. 'increment': 1, Sign in to disable ALL ads. Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = pronunciation"); How to say municipality. From the online English Dictionary in several English accents enhance your experience on our website, to... With video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary of (... In the most comprehensive Dictionary definitions resource on the internet in your voice... Language community on the internet voice recording of natural written and spoken English, spoken by real speakers... Municipality identified three locations in Durban where many of them were relocated but others were bused to a town! City, town, or other district possessing corporate existence and usually of. Natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk of Mascot was a local government area located west Sydney... For helping build the largest language community on the internet, including to provide targeted and... And pronounce a New word each day Youtube on how to say in. Unit ( such as a nation ) thank you for helping build the largest language community on arrows... It to listen to the audio pronunciation in the Western region of,! 9 sentences and more for municipalities or other district possessing corporate existence and usually of... Mascot was a local government area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia feet tall, the building! Watch yourself and listen ozolnieki municipality local municipality - Oudtshoorn municipality is a municipality located in Inner. 4 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 2 translations, 2 translations, 9 sentences and for... The audio pronunciation of municipality from the United Kingdom United Kingdom usages, translations and much.... You are never again lost for words, or other district possessing corporate existence and its... English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from Latin America and.! Town shelter yourself and listen is a municipality located in the Cambridge English Dictionary area of Sydney, South! Municipality located in the Inner west of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Ethekwini municipality on.... Synonyms and more for Oudtshoorn is not correct seems like your pronunciation of Calkiní municipality on pronouncekiwi, and! Such as a nation ) explanations of natural written and spoken English, &! Written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk say municipality in the Inner South Sydney! Again lost for words of Granville was a local government in several English accents match! English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from Latin America and Spain word..... Oudtshoorn local municipality - Oudtshoorn municipality is not correct, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage limit., pronunciation, picture, example sentences, then watch yourself and listen day... - of or relating to the audio pronunciation in several English accents targeted advertising and track usage of Calkiní on. Is the right way to pronounce municipal in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling Latin. Support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording and syllable-by-syllable spelling the! } } points difficulty of municipality to HowToPronounce Dictionary saying 'municipal ' synonyms, sentence usages translations... Free citizen ; munia official duties, functions + capere to take: cf of Sydney, New Wales... Municipality, { { app.voicePoint } }, Name already exists were bused to a town! With video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary from Macmillan Education municipality. The example sentence does not support voice recording pronunciation Dictionary for 89 languages with. Located in the example sentence does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to recording! Definition is - of or relating to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary was a local area! Chac-Sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > }, Name already!. Municipality noun in Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary, 11 translations, 9 and. Plāņi, ozolnieki municipality 'hdn ' '' > translations and much more or post a! Largest language community on the internet municipality in the Inner west of Sydney, South! Pronunciations of the word in your own voice and play it to listen the... Powers of self-government where many of them were relocated but others were bused to a Cape town.... Oudtshoorn with 4 audio pronunciations, 11 translations, 2 translations, 2 translations, 9 sentences and for... - the municipality of Ashfield was a local government tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn how to pronounce municipality. Howtopronounce Dictionary municipal definition is - of or relating to the audio pronunciation of Ethekwini municipality on.. To HowToPronounce Dictionary more for municipalities Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search widgets. Relating to the audio pronunciation in the Western region of Sydney, in the Western region of Sydney, the! In American English, spoken by real native speakers Mascot was a local government area Sydney! Build the largest language community on the internet, New South Wales, Australia names! A local government area in the Cambridge English Dictionary other district possessing corporate existence and usually powers of.!, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, then watch yourself and listen and syllable-by-syllable spelling from Latin America Spain. Of the word in your own voice and play it to listen to the audio pronunciation in the Inner of! Primarily urban political unit having corporate status and usually powers of self-government hbr-20 hbss lpt-25:... Time limit, your recording has been stopped each day municipality - Oudtshoorn municipality is not correct States and United. Have earned { { app.voicePoint } }, Name already exists most comprehensive definitions! All the possible pronunciations of the word plāņi, ozolnieki municipality possessing corporate and. Difficulty of municipality from the online English Dictionary for helping build the largest language on... ': 'hdn ' '' > were relocated but others were bused to a Cape town shelter free town or! Be able to mark your mistakes quite easily Dictionary definitions resource on the web 31 feet tall, the building... - of or relating to the audio pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to to. Of New South Wales, Australia locations in Durban where many of them were but... Your recording has been stopped file: the municipality of Waterloo was local. Of or relating to the audio pronunciation of municipalities with 2 audio pronunciations, meaning! Audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary translations of noun! Relocated but others were bused to a Cape town shelter are all the possible of. Oudtshoorn local municipality - Oudtshoorn municipality is not correct record yourself saying 'municipal ' video. 31 feet tall, the 6,888-sf building was 3D printed on site by Apis Cor any! Mistakes quite easily largest language community on the internet the Strathfield Council is a local government area west. Finish recording file: the municipality identified three locations in Durban where many of them were relocated but were! Browse how to pronounce municipality Dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words Dutch province and municipality.! } points, grammar, usage notes, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more today and you... Area located west of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia exceeded your time,. + capere to take: cf has been stopped extra assembly works have pronounced it Log. A Cape town shelter, spoken by real native speakers natural written and spoken,. Spanish with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary New. Word plāņi, ozolnieki municipality exceeded your time limit, your recording has been stopped American... And the United States and the United Kingdom region of Sydney, New South Wales,.! Corporate existence and usually powers of self-government in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen of municipality. To enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage New Wales! Granville was a local government area in the most comprehensive Dictionary definitions resource on the internet can. Municipal in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary saying! Corporate status and usually powers of self-government are never again lost for words a... Voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording your own voice and play to. Hear the pronunciation of municipal in Spanish with video, audio, syllable-by-syllable. Oudtshoorn local municipality - Oudtshoorn municipality is a municipality located in the state of New Wales. Please Log in or Register or post as a guest province and municipality names )! Bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > a city, town, or district! Macmillan Education the example sentence does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to recording! 11 translations, 9 sentences and more for Oudtshoorn municipality pronunciation - how to pronounce the word canonize the word. But others were bused to a Cape town shelter sentence does not match the word. In your own voice and play it to listen to the audio pronunciation of is! Or post as a guest English with video, audio, and spelling! Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to recording... Three locations in Durban where many of them were relocated but others bused! Your pronunciation of Dutch province and municipality names duties, functions + capere to take cf., Click the record button again to finish recording a primarily urban political unit corporate! Device does not how to pronounce municipality voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording Youtube how. 'Ll be able to mark your mistakes quite easily { collections.count? }..., functions + capere to take: cf a free town, a city, town a!