[44] Armstrong's band leading style was easygoing, as St. Cyr noted, "One felt so relaxed working with him, and he was very broad-minded ... always did his best to feature each individual. 1 making him, at 62 years, 9 months and 5 days, the oldest person ever to accomplish that feat. [62], Armstrong changed the jazz during the Harlem Renaissance. Meanwhile, his longtime manager Joe Glaser died. [99] He wore the Star of David in honor of the Karnoffsky family, who took him in as a child and lent him money to buy his first cornet. It was the period of his greatest popularity; he produced hit recordings such as “Mack the Knife” and “Hello, Dolly!” and outstanding albums such as his tributes to W.C. [142], On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Louis Armstrong among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. The uniquely gravelly coloration of his voice became a musical archetype that was much imitated and endlessly impersonated. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [27], On June 14, 1914, Armstrong was released into the custody of his father and his new stepmother, Gertrude. Armstrong recorded two albums with Ella Fitzgerald: Ella and Louis, and Ella and Louis Again for Verve Records, with the sessions featuring the backing musicianship of the Oscar Peterson Trio and drummers Buddy Rich (on the first album), and Louie Bellson (on the second). The park where Congo Square is located was later renamed Louis Armstrong Park. Duke Ellington's orchestra went to Roseland to catch Armstrong's performances. With his great sensitivity, technique, and capacity to express emotion, Armstrong not only ensured the survival of jazz but led in its development into a fine art. After returning to the United States, he undertook several exhausting tours. What does satchmo mean? He hired Joe Glaser as his new manager, a tough mob-connected wheeler-dealer, who began to straighten out his legal mess, his mob troubles, and his debts. [91], Armstrong performed in Italy at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival where he sang "Mi Va di Cantare"[118] alongside his friend, the Eritrean-born Italian singer Lara Saint Paul. Louis Armstrong. Armstrong adapted to the tightly controlled style of Henderson, playing trumpet and experimenting with the trombone. Morgenstern, Dan, and Sheldon Meyer (2004). Amazingly talented and charismatic jazz musician, most famous throughout the 40s and 50s.Also known as Satchmo.Best known for his song "What a Wonderful World", but his duets with Ella Fitzgerald leave "Wonderful World" in the dust. He toured America and Europe as a trumpet soloist accompanied by big bands; for several years beginning in 1935, Luis Russell’s big band served as the Louis Armstrong band. Louis Armstrong, 1953. "[19] He wore a Star of David pendant for the rest of his life and wrote about what he learned from them: "how to live—real life and determination. After spending many years on the road, Armstrong settled permanently in Queens, New York in 1943 in contentment with his fourth wife, Lucille. [67] While touring Australia, 1954, he was asked if he could play bebop. He started the affair as a client. "Lewie" is the French pronunciation of "Louis" and is commonly used in Louisiana. His scat singing style was enriched by his matchless experience as a trumpet soloist. [37] Armstrong's mother, May Ann Albert, came to visit him in Chicago during the summer of 1923 after being told that Armstrong was "out of work, out of money, hungry, and sick"; Hardin located and decorated an apartment for her to live in while she stayed. In the APA definition, the term “ambivalence” means that a person has contradictory feelings or attitudes toward themselves or a situation, event, or person. New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Digital File Number: cph 3c27236 ) This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. Armstrong appeared in films such as High Society (1956) alongside Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, and Hello, Dolly! With this band, the thirteen year-old Armstrong attracted the attention of Kid Ory. health . He rarely publicly politicized his race, to the dismay of fellow African Americans, but took a well-publicized stand for desegregation in the Little Rock crisis. [97] The FBI kept a file on Armstrong for his outspokenness about integration. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. "[66] He called bebop "Chinese music". [108], Armstrong's gregariousness extended to writing. She prodded him into wearing more stylish attire to offset his girth. Passive-aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) causes people to express negative feelings and emotions subtly or passively rather… Search . Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the American civil rights movement. Eventually he took to using salves and creams on his lips and also cutting off scar tissue with a razor blade. He avidly typed or wrote on whatever stationery was at hand, recording instant takes on music, sex, food, childhood memories, his heavy "medicinal" marijuana use—and even his bowel movements, which he gleefully described. Armstrong, louis definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. [17][18] In his memoir Louis Armstrong + the Jewish Family in New Orleans, La., the Year of 1907, he described his discovery that this family was also subject to discrimination by "other white folks" who felt that they were better than Jews: "I was only seven years old but I could easily see the ungodly treatment that the white folks were handing the poor Jewish family whom I worked for. Credit... Charles Graham, via Louis Armstrong … [83] His marriage to Parker ended when they separated in 1923. Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. Although race relations were poor, Chicago was booming. a brain has, the smarter the person is. [32] In 1919, Oliver decided to go north and resigned his position in Kid Ory's band; Armstrong replaced him. He found the courage to look for her home to see her away from work. from the live album In Scandinavia vol.1. Clarence Armstrong was mentally disabled as the result of a head injury at an early age, and Armstrong spent the rest of his life taking care of him. The Cotton Club closed in 1936 after a long downward spiral, and many musicians stopped playing altogether as club dates evaporated. Armstrong is a surname of Scottish borders origin. Born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Armstrong was famous for his unique voice and a trumpet solo, Armstrong frequently used an improvised technique of singing, called scat singing, emulating instrumental solos. With his new repertoire came a new, simplified style: he created melodic paraphrases and variations as well as chord-change-based improvisations on these songs. In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. The influence of Armstrong on the development of jazz is virtually immeasurable. The word "muggles" was a slang term for marijuana, something he used often during his life. Louis Armstrong was present and loved the song. He lived in this household with two stepbrothers for several months. [50], In the first half of 1927, Armstrong assembled his Hot Seven group, which added drummer Al "Baby" Dodds and tuba player, Pete Briggs, while preserving most of his original Hot Five lineup. Hines and Armstrong became fast friends and successful collaborators. Jazz trumpet player, singer. Louis-Armstrong. He also got into trouble. He scooped the coins off the street and stuck them into his mouth to prevent bigger children from stealing them. "Bebop?" His version of the song became his biggest selling record to date.[52]. I would say that the genius of this nation at its best is indeed Walt Whitman and Louis Armstrong." If I had to choose between the two, ultimately, I wouldn't. The popularity he gained brought together many black and white audiences to watch him perform.[63]. 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