Walruses have an air sac under their throat, which helps them float in the water so they can sleep! Males ar… As their preferred meals, … 2. Walruses are very distinctive having a large, robust, fusiform body that is usually reddish-brown in color. Blubber not only provides insulation but can help make the walrus more streamlined in the water and also provides an energy source during times when food is scarce. A mother will pick a calf up with her flippers and hold it to her chest if it’s threatened, diving into the water with it to escape predators. Mammals (Mammalia) Order. more than females, and are generally much larger than their female counterparts. Most of them carry a vast map scars on their skin – wounds inflicted in disputes with fellow walrus during the breeding season. There could be increased water shortages, changes in food production, and more extreme weather events – from flooding to droughts. • A walrus’s most noticeable feature is its tusks, and that was the basis for the scientific name Odobenus rosmarus. Walruses are the only member of their taxonomic family, Odobenidae. There are words, such as pinnipeds, that should have been defined, this is a children's book. Walruses give birth after a gestation period of about 15 months. Walruses have long tusks and a prominent mustache. Walruses are easily recognizable marine animals due to their long tusks, obvious whiskers, and wrinkled brown skin. "Meet the Animals 8: WalrusMeet the Walrus, a sea mammal who lives near the Arctic Circle!Meet the Animals introduces kids to popular wild animals. No Comments. Walruses climb up on ice or beaches to sleep or to rest. The photographs are half of the story pages. This comes from the Latin words for "tooth-walking sea-horse." The name is Latin for “tooth-walking seahorse,” and it comes from the walrus’s habit of using its tusks like a climber’s ice ax to haul itself onto ice sheets or cling to the edge while it floats in the water. And big is beautiful – they… There are three species of walrus – Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus, and O.R. Those tusks, which grow continuously, can reach lengths of up to 40 centimetres. Walruses need ice for hauling out, resting, giving birth, nursing, molting, and protecting themselves from predators. 1. Due to the large size of these animals … The Atlantic and Pacific – which both occupy different areas of the Arctic. During their mass gatherings, stampedes can occur as easily spooked walruses attempt to reach the water. Discover more fascinating facts about walruses, the largest pinniped. Walruses can use their tusks to help haul themselves up onto the ice, which is likely where this reference came from. The walrus is a large marine mammal that is famous for its mustache and long, ivory tusks. Tasty. And it shows. Walruses are incredibly well adapted to living in some of the coldest regions in the world with thick skin that covers a thick layer of blubber (fat) that helps to keep them warm. Here are some very interesting facts about these amazing creatures! Fast Facts Class. Although walruses are harvested by natives in Russia and Alaska, a 2012 study shows that an even greater threat than harvesting may be the stampedes that kill young walruses. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. These animals are well adapted for swimming, but most—especially "true" seals and walruses—move awkwardly on land. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Male walruses can weigh over 1,000 lbs. March 24, 2020. Melting sea ice means more Pacific walruses are resting on land, further from their feeding grounds. It was a fun request by SnakesAndLadders. This pinniped is found throughout the cold waters of the Arctic and has several biological adaptations that help it survive here. It has three subspecies: Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus and O. r. laptevi. Odobenus rosmarus, the walrus binomial name, means “tooth-walking sea horse. Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large marine mammal and it is the only living species from its family and genus. They are growing in popularity on Instagram. The word pinniped comes from the Latin words for ​wing- or fin-footed, in reference to the fore- and hindlimbs of these animals, which are flippers. Walruses have large, flabby bodies covered in brown or pink skin. There are two subspecies: the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and the Pacific walrus (O. rosmarus divergens). They use these tusks to help them haul themselves out of the water and onto sea ice. Length They are seen in very large numbers on land or on pieces of ice. Walrus (Odobenidae) Species name. Hope you guys like it! Learn what makes these animals so interesting below! Walruses are carnivores that feed on bivalves such as clams and mussels, as well as tunicates, fish, seals, and dead whales. Fun Facts About The Mini Walrus Dog Breed. June 7, 2019. Here you’ll find many interesting walrus facts for kids. Front flipper. During this time, sea ice may retreat so far offshore that walruses retreat to coastal areas, rather than floating ice. It is closely related to eared and true seals. These walruses use sea ice for resting between feeding bouts, breeding, giving birth and nursing their young, as well as for shelter from rough seas and predators. They are extremely social and snort and bellow loudly at their companions. HABITAT and HABITS. Mighty walruses only seem harmless and awkward. According to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, male walruses are about 20 percent longer and 50 percent heavier than females. They have also been known to feed on seals carcasses in the area when they need to. Walruses are sexually dimorphic. Male Pacific walrus are slightly larger, with longer … The gestation period is made longer by a period of delayed implantation, in which the fertilized egg takes three to five months to implant into the uterine wall. These large marine mammals are found near the Arctic Circle. However, not many people know much more about walruses. And big is beautiful – they need fat to stay alive. Overall, walruses can grow to about 11 to 12 feet in length and weights of 4,000 pounds. Walruses have wrinkled brown and pink skin, long, coarse whiskers, flat flippers, and lots of blubber on their bodies to keep them warm in the cold Arctic water. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Walruses Are Related to Seals and Sea Lions, Walruses Have More Blood Than a Land Mammal of Their Size, Walruses Insulate Themselves With Blubber, As Sea Ice Disappears, Walruses Face Increased Threats, The Difference Between Sea Lions and Seals, The Family Otariidae: Characteristics of Eared Seals and Sea Lions, Facts About Narwhals, the Unicorns of the Sea, Harp Seal Facts (Pagophilus groenlandicus), Fascinating Facts About Arctic Bearded Seal, 10 Facts You Should Know About Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. View our Cookie Policy for more information, Sign up to get the latest WWF news delivered straight to your inbox. They live in freezing cold conditions, so they have 10 cm thick skin to help them to survive. There are unlabeled photographs. Their blubber layer fluctuates according to time of year, the animal's life stage and how much nutrition it has received, but may be as much as 6 inches thick. Climate change poses a huge threat to our future. As a result of less sea ice, walrus are changing their behavior. The tusks of a full grown walrus can weigh 12 pounds. Walruses use these flippers to swim in water. Walruses are the second largest pinnipeds. Laptevi Walrus. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Carnivores (Carnivora) Family. They have 18 teeth, two of which are canine teeth that grow to form their long tusks. We need your help to give rangers the strength and safety they need, and to tackle poaching and demand for products like ivory. Walruses are pinnipeds, which classifies them in the same group as seals and sea lions. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Both male and female walruses have tusks, although a male's can grow to 3 feet in length, while a female's tusks grow to about 2 1/2 feet. In these coastal areas, there is less food, conditions may become crowded, and the walruses are more susceptible to predation and human activities. A walrus is a large, reddish brown animal that lives both in the water and on land near the Arctic Circle. 1. The mustached and long-tusked walrus is most often found near the Arctic Circle, lying on the ice with hundreds of companions. Climate change is driven by us, but it can be fixed by us. Their name, Odobenus rosmarus, means 'one that walks with teeth'. In water, walrus can reach 35 km/h, but they prefer a sedate 7 km/h. Walruses can live to 40 years of age in the wild. There can be thousands of them, and they will be very close to each other. Adopt an animal today and help protect some of our most endangered wildlife and support other vital work around our planet. They often feed on the ocean bottom ​and use their whiskers (vibrissae) to sense their food, which they suck into their mouths in a swift motion. WALRUS FUN FACTS: - Adult walrus are typically about 7.25 - 11.5 feet in size and can weigh up to 1.5 tons (3,000 lbs or 1,360 kg)! They move awkwardly on land but are swift in the water. No, they are not at all dangerous if they are not disturbed, but if they show aggression, it is better to stay away from them, because stopping a carcass weighing several tons is quite problematic. Tusky Business– However, tusks are not a … These ever growing gatherings can be deadly, especially for young calves. Here are 10 things everyone should know about these majestic ocean wonders. While underwater, walrus heart rates slow down so that they do not become too cold. Walruses insulate themselves from cold water with their blubber. During the mating season they are quite aggressive. Sir Charlesworth V (@peacelovewrinkles) is one famous walrus dog on the gram that gives you a sneak peek into the day-to-day life of a walrus dog. The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of anywhere else on Earth. Sign up to be kept informed about our conservation work and how you can help such as fundraising, campaigning and events. To prevent oxygen loss underwater, walruses can store oxygen in their blood and muscles when they dive. The feeding habits of the walrus are very interesting. Short fur covers most of their bodies except for their fins. There are white and pink walruses. Walrus, (Odobenus rosmarus), also called morse, huge, seal-like mammal found in Arctic seas. Walruses are sexually dimorphic. Unlike Pacific walruses, Atlantic walruses prefer to rest ashore, as most feeding grounds in the Atlantic are closer to land. They seem to prefer feeding at the bottom of shallow waters, eating clams, molluscs, worms, snails, soft shell crabs, shrimp and sea cucumbers. Facts and Information Social interaction is a big part of life for the walrus. They have broad head and small eyes. Walruses generally breathe at the surface for about one minute after every five to eight minutes of subsurface activity. Like other pinnipeds, the fore and hind limbs of a walr… There ​are one species and two subspecies of walrus, all living in cold regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Gomphotaria pugnax patrolled the shores of … Male Pacific walruses can reach 3.6 m long and weigh over 1,500kg (that’s 1.5 tonnes!). Their faces feature two small eyes, a mustache and two long tusks.Walruses weigh from 600 to 1,500 kilograms (1,320 to 3,300 lbs.) Join us and you can help stop the illegal wildlife trade and tackle other threats facing our natural world. Therefore, they have a large volume of blood—two to three times more blood than a terrestrial (land) mammal of their size. The tusks are also useful for creating breathing holes when the walrus are swimming under the ice. and can be as long as 3.2 meters (10.5 feet), according to the Animal Diversity Web (ADW), a database maintained by the Museum of Zoology at the University of Michigan. Mothers are strongly protective of their young, who may stay with them for two years or even longer if the mother doesn't have another calf. Just about everyone can recognize these creatures by their long tusks and blubbery bodies. Walruses dig their tusks into ice floes to help them haul their enormous bodies out of the water but also anchor their tusks into the ice so they are able to sleep whilst their bodies rem… As the world climate warms, there is less availability of sea ice, especially in the summer. When most people think of the walrus, they think of the big tusks the animals use to haul themselves out of the water. Adaptability: The walrus’ other unique characteristics are equally valuable. Animal Facts: Walrus. Walruses are social and live in herds. While walruses are typically a cinnamon brown colour, they can … Walruses have young fairly infrequently, so it is vital for them to protect their offspring. Their tusks are also used for fighting with other walruses, and defence against predators. You can unsubscribe at any time. The walrus has a pair of large front flippers. These help the walrus change direction while swimming underwater. The scientific name for a walrus is Odobenus Rosmarus. The calf weighs about 100 pounds at birth. - Both male and female walrus have large tusks and they use them to break ice as well as for defense. Overall, walruses can grow to about 11 to 12 feet in length and weights of 4,000 pounds. Walrus use their mighty tusks to forage and lift themselves up onto sea ice. According to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, male walruses are about 20 percent longer and 50 percent heavier than females. There's thought to be around 25,000 Atlantic and around 200,000 Pacific walrus in the wild. The walrus's scientific name is Odobenus rosmarus. Facts About the Walrus, Volume 253 - This is a better book than the Rhino volume, but many pages are advertisements. Today the biggest threat facing walruses is the loss of stable sea ice due to climate change. Walrus are migrational so where they live will vary based on the time of the year. The movements during migration can be time consuming. Here's the Skindex Zoo's latest arrival, a walrus! Younger walrus have dark brown skin, but they get lighter as they get older until they almost turn pink. Walrus Facts For Kids Walruses swim at an average speed to 4.35 mph (7km/h), but can reach speeds of 21.74 mph (35 km/h). Each one features from 400 to 700 whiskers. A walrus … It is latin for tooth walking sea-horse. As you read these walrus facts you can be confident that your knowledge about them is going to continue to expand. 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