She was brought up by Amisodarus, king of Caria, and afterwards made great havoc in all the country around and among men. greek. Franchises like Yu-Gi-Oh, Wrath of the Titans, Percy Dragon, American Dragon, Final Fantasy, and World of Warcraft have all used the Chimera to test their heroes. Godchecker guide to Chimera (also known as Chimaera), the Greek Demoness from Greek mythology. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 319, &c.), she was a daughter of Typhaon and Echidna, and had three heads, one of e… 1. The word is now used generally to denote a fantastic idea or figment of the imagination. Typhon, the father, was an ancient and monstrous giant who was believed to be the most dangerous creature in all of Greece. Chimera, in genetics, an organism or tissue that contains at least two different sets of DNA, most often originating from the fusion of as many different zygotes (fertilized eggs). The Chimera or Chimaera (Template:Lang-el, Khimaira, from χίμαρος, khimaros, "she-goat") was, according to Greek mythology, a monstrous fire-breathing female creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, composed of the parts of multiple animals: upon the body of a lioness with a tail that ended in a snake's head, the head of a goat arose on her back at the center of her spine. Chimaera has become one of the most famous female monsters described in Greek mythology. Chimera, or chimère, in architecture, is a term loosely used for any grotesque, fantastic, or imaginary beast used in decoration. As with all mythical creatures, there is the question of its origin. Chimera are minor enemies in God of War Ascension, and God of War III. The Chimera was one of the offspring of a legendary pairing: Typhon and Echidna. This matches the description found in Hesiod’s Theogony (7th century bc). Sir E. Cust, D.C.L., President. Different versions of Chimera mythology have slightly different descriptions, such as wings on the back or the back legs of a snake, but most follow the description above. Greek Mythology tells us that the Chimera was actually female, the mane around her head was not sufficient to cover the ears, showing that the Chimera was female. Today, the word “chimera” can be used to describe any creature with a strange combination of animal parts. The Chimera comes from ancient Greek mythology, appearing in paintings as early as the 6th century BC and in texts as early as the 8th century BC. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. She often appeared before natural disasters, mostly volcanic eruptions. Corrections? )”, in … According to Hesiod (Theog. She ransacked many villages, mostly killing cattle but sometimes destroying houses and slaughtering innocent people as well. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The hero Bellerophon had an affair with Anteia, but broke it off suddenly and would have no further contact with her. Chimeric creatures in Greek mythology and reflections in science. Chimaera. 2018-7-2 - Explore tinnee686's board "chimera mythology" on Pinterest. The fire spewed out from the goat’s head and devastated any challengers who approached the beast. Unfortunately, Proteus’s wife also saw potential in Bellerophon. The goat’s head appears to be male, since it has horns and a beard. But of course, there’s more to the Chimera than its lion features. Bellerophon fought defeated the Chimaera by placing a lump of lead on his spear and holding it in front of its mouth. She devastated Caria and Lycia until she was slain by Bellerophon. Finally, the monster’s lion tail morphs into a snake, with a venomous serpentine head replacing the lion’s natural puff of fur. For a mate, he took the next most monstrous creature in Greece, a half-woman, half-serpent named Echidna. Chimera, in Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster resembling a lion in the forepart, a goat in the middle, and a dragon behind. zues. According to Greek Mythology, Chimera a mythical creatures with the tail of a snake, the body of a lion, and the head of a goat. It had the head of a lion, the torso of a goat, and the tail of a serpent. The Chimera was rampaging in the area, and so King Iobates commanded the Greek hero Bellerophon to slay the Chimaera. It’s possible that Sekhmet’s legend inspired the Chimera. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Greek Sphinx was said by Hesiod to be the offspring of Orthrus, the two headed monstrous dog, and the Chimera, the fire breathing monsters. (Greek mythology) Alternative letter-case form of Chimera (a flame-spewing monster often represented as having two heads, one of a goat and the other of a lion; the body of a goat; and a serpent as a tail).quotations ▼ 1.1. Omissions? But Iobates didn’t know that Bellerophon has a secret ally. Chimaera – A Fire-Breathing Monster. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chimera-Greek-mythology. She had a terrible temper and no civilized instincts. Chimera (Chimaera or Khimaira) is a mythical creature which is believed to be formed of three different animals; a lioness, a goat and a snake.. Chimera’s head was that of a lioness while she had a goat’s head on her back and a snake’s head at the tip of her tail. 328 ; comp. There, the lead melted and spread throughout her body, burning her from the inside out. She devastated Caria and Lycia until she was slain by Bellerophon. The Chimera, in mythology, is a Greek monster with the body and head of a lion with a snake for a tail and a fire-breathing goat head coming from its back. Greek Mythology. CHIMAERA (Chimaira), a fire-breathing monster, which, according to the Homeric poems, was of divine origin. More commonly though, the Sphinx was said to be the daughter of Typhon and Echidna, and this parentage would make the Sphinx sibling to the likes of the Nemean Lion, the Chimera, Ladon, Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra. Chimera Il. God of War: Ascension A Chimera appears in God of War Ascension. Like most chimeric creatures in Greek mythology, the Chimera was a nasty piece of work. The original Chimera died long ago at the hands of the hero Bellerophon, though lesser Chimera still prowl the labyrinth of Crete. (Hom. Monstrous daughter of Typhon, Echidna, and some weird and unsavory sex toy Chimera was according to greek Mythology a monstrous fire-breathing hybird Creature of Lycia in Asia a minor composed of the Parts of more than one Animal. athena. She terrorized the people of Lycia until … Instead, he sent him to his father-in-law, King Iobates, who devised a clever way to get rid of the young offender. The Chimera may be ancient Greece’s most bizarre creature—so bizarre that its name is now used to describe any creature with an unusual combination of animal traits. The creature also has a goat’s head, rising from between its shoulder blades. ix. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. Exaggerated ears and breasts show that the creature is female, even though it does have a short, ragged mane. As with all mythical creatures, there is the question of its origin. ... was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits in defeating various archaic monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Descriptions of the Chimera Am J Med Genet. vi. For years, the Chimera roamed the Lynean countryside unchallenged, since “not even a quantity of men could subdue it with ease, let alone one.” But her legend didn’t take the hero Bellerophon into account. Pegasus, the mighty winged horse, was Bellerophon’s half-brother, and the two of them had spent many happy days together in their childhood. Greek’s finest scholars, including Pliny the Elder, Seneca, Cicero, Virgil, Ovid, Homer, Plato, Pindar, Hesiod, all contributed to the monster’s legend.Three thousand years before the ancient Greek Chimera appeared, the Egyptians worshipped a sun goddess named Sekhmet, who sometimes appeared as a fire-breathing lion. It had the head and body of a lion, as well as the head of a goat that was attached to its back, and a tail that ended on a head of a snake. The Chimera also was known as a Chimaera, and in Greek the name typically means she goat. Enraged, Anteia turned to her husband, King Proetus, telling him that their guest had dishonored her and deserved to die. Greek’s finest scholars, including Pliny the Elder, Seneca, Cicero, Virgil, Ovid, Homer, Plato, Pindar, Hesiod, all contributed to the monster’s legend. The most common depiction gives it the head and front legs of a lion, a goat's head emerging from its back and a tail tipped with a snake's head (though sources vary whether its hind legs were like a lion's, goat's, or dragon's). Bellerophon rained arrows down on her, giving her several critical wounds. At last, he took a lead spear and hurled it into the creature’s fiery throat. Usually depicted as a lion, with the head of a goat arising from its back, and a tail that ends in a snake's head, although more regent descriptions add a dragon to the amalgamation, which may affect the type of breath-weapon they have. In Greek mythology, the Chimera (Greek ??µa? poseidon. A fire-breathing hybrid, the Chimera would prove to be a worthy opponent for the Greek hero Bellerophon. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? The Chimera was usually described as having three heads, like many monsters in ancient Greek legends. When he was young, he committed a crime and was sent to King Proteus to be punished. In art the Chimera is usually represented as a lion with a goat’s head in the middle of its back and with a tail that ends in a snake’s head Chimera, in Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster resembling a lion in the forepart, a goat in the middle, and a dragon behind. chimera in Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tale; any mythical animal with parts taken from various animals. mythology. It was shown with three heads, each of a different animal, growing along the length of its body. The ball melted, killing it with lead poison and suffocation. irmafan cool. She begged him to become her lover, and when he refused, she accused him of raping her. The Chimera was a specific hybrid monster in Greek mythology. The Chimera was reputed to be “near invincible,” for she had the strength of a lion, the cunning of a goat, and the venom of a snake. Proteus saw huge potential in the boy, and he decided to pardon his crime. Another common depiction shows it with only one head, having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and t… Met. He rode into battle on the back of the winged horse, Pegasus. In Greek mythology, the Chimera was a fearsome, fire-breathing monster with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a dragon's tail. okamidenfan, gatoman62 and 2 others like this. 2001 Apr 15;100(1):66-80. The Chimera’s image remained consistent throughout the Greco-Roman era. Together, Typhon and Echidna spawned many of the most dangerous beasts in Greece, including the Lynean Hydra, the Sphinx, the Nemean Lion, Cerberus, and, of course, the Chimera. It lived in the lake Lerna in the region of Argolid in the Peloponnese. The term is derived from the Chimera of Greek mythology, a fire-breathing monster that was part lion, part goat, and part dragon. A Chimera is a Greek monster with traits of the lion, the goat, and the serpent. (Even today, the name “chimaera” sometimes refers to a genetic puzzle.) 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