Hardiness Zones: 8, primarily a Coastal Plain species, Habitat: Moist pinelands, savannahs and thin mixed woods, Native To: North Carolina to Florida, west to Louisiana. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seed capsules when they turn tan and begin to open at the tip. Native To: Maine to Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma, south to Louisiana, east to Georgia. Pruning to remove spent blossoms encourages repeat flowering. Characteristics: Eastern Columbine is an erect, branching plant. Then sow the seeds in flats held at 70°F. Habitat: Roadsides, rock outcrops and open rocky forests. Native To: This plant is found from Illinois to New York, south to Florida, west to Louisiana. Habitat: Sand hills, pine barrens, road banks, meadows and fields, Native To: New Jersey, south along the Atlantic coast to Florida, west along the Gulf coast to Mississippi. Afternoon shade is preferred in the Deep South. Characteristics: This is a twining, climbing or trailing vine with a tough, elongated root. Add to Wishlist . Germination should occur in three to four months. Flowers are followed by capsules containing brown seeds. It also does well in low-lying areas that are subject to flooding. Cut the plant back after flowering to avoid re-seeding and to encourage a compact growth habit. hort.uga.edu/, University of Oklahoma Department of Botany & Microbiology. Flowers are borne on stalks that rise 1 to 3 feet from the base of the plant in spring. Azure-blue Sage is a low-maintenance plant once it is established. They are 6 inches long and 2 inches wide. All plants in the genus Amsonia have milky sap. Lanceolate: Tapering from a rounded base toward an apex. Botanica’s Annuals and Perennials. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect capsules when they turn brown. Dip the cut ends in a rooting hormone to enhance rooting. Division: The plant can be divided most any time of year. Fruit are small dry four-angled seed-like achenes. Cultural Requirements: Garden Phlox requires moist loamy soil and sun to partial shade (at least six hours of sunlight per day). Characteristics: This is a clump-forming perennial with basal spoon-shaped evergreen leaves. The cups collect rainwater that attracts birds. Bringing Nature Home: How NativePlants Sustain Wildlife in Our Gardens. Habitat: Dry, rocky slopes and clearings, primarily in the mountains, Native To: Maine to Minnesota, south to Louisiana, east to Georgia. Comments: The flowers attract butterflies and the seeds attract birds. Most gardeners are familiar with Beebalm, a commonly cultivated herb used in perennial borders, butterfly and hummingbird gardens, and fragrance and culinary gardens. Supplemental fertilizer, mulch and occasional irrigation may be necessary. Delicate red and yellow bell-like nodding flowers with spurred petals are produced on branch terminals in early spring and remain for about six weeks. Comments: Narrowleaf Ironweed is attractive to butterflies. Photos of Spring blooming flowers in Georgia, music track, fade, Randy Lewis. The leaves are sharply pointed, serrated and tapered at both ends. Comments: Early doctors used American Boneset for medicinal purposes. It takes three to four years for seedlings to flower. Seeds are produced in three-sided capsules, 1⁄4 inch in length. We have faculty and staff in every county across the state that are available to assist you. Habitat: Stream banks, seepage areas, wet meadows and swamps, Native To: Maine, west to Minnesota, south to Arkansas, east to Florida. Characteristics: Leaves are trifoliate. From spring to early summer, blue, star-shaped flowers, 1⁄2 inch across, are borne in loose clusters at stem tips. Comments: Native Indians used root extracts and tea made from the leaves to treat heart and lung conditions and stomach pain. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Sow seeds outdoors in a shaded seedbed. Sow them directly in outdoor beds or flats. It also likes two to four hours of morning sun. It is a perfect companion for medium-size grasses, like Little Bluestem and Broomsedge. Spathe: A bract or leaf enclosing a flower cluster or spadix. North American genera number about 230, of which 20 are believed to be imported from Europe. It needs good drainage and tolerates some shade; however, itblooms best in full sun. The ants carry the seeds back to their nests where they germinate and establish new colonies. Female flower heads are fuzzier than male flower heads. The flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies, and the foliage is a food source for Monarch butterfly larvae. Roots emerge in fall and leaves emerge in spring. Seeds require light to germinate so cover them lightly with the germination medium.Division: Divide plants in fall or spring. Native To: Eastern and central North America, from Maine to Georgia, west to Texas, north to the Dakotas. Cultural Requirements: Star Tickseed is found throughout the Southeast in a variety of sites, from partial shade to full sun and from moist to dry soils. Habitat: Wetlands, wet meadows, stream banks and seepage slopes, Native To: Nova Scotia to northern Florida, west to Texas, north to Wisconsin. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Seeds can be planted outdoors immediately after harvest, or they can be stored in moist sphagnum at 40°F for later planting. They are borne in long, slender prickly pods. The leaves are mottled dark and light green. Seeds are produced in capsules. It self-seeds under optimum conditions, so deadheading is recommended if seed dispersal is not desired. Comments: The name “Halberdleaf” comes from the resemblance of the leaves to the blade of a halberd (a combination spear and battle-ax used as a weapon in the 15th and 16th centuries.) Habitat: Old fields, dry forests and roadsides, Native To: Rhode Island, west to Ohio, south to Texas, east to Florida. It is not a vigorous spreader like I. cristata. It can become aggressive in moist soils. Characteristics: Stout, pubescent stems have occasional side branches and leaves near their tops. It is a good plant for water gardens or bogs. Cultural Requirements: Grass-leaved Goldenaster prefers full sun or partial shade and dry sites. It is a tough plant, once established. Cultural Requirements: Hepatica prefers moist, organic soils and partial shade. Size: 6 to 12 inches tall and 6 to 12 inches wide, Habitat: Dry sandy soil, open rocky upland forests, granite flatrocks and roadsides, Native To: Central Georgia and western South Carolina, west to eastern Texas and Oklahoma. Characteristics: This is a twining vine that reaches 10 feet in height. Encourage the protection of rare and endangered plant species and significant botanical habitats. Characteristics: Stems are smooth with streaks of red. There are more than 20 native Milkweed species in the Southeastern U.S. with a habitat ranging from sand dunes to swamps. Characteristics: Gray-green hairy leaves are lance-shaped, approximately 3 inches long at the base of the stems, becoming smaller as they ascend the stem. Germination should occur the following spring. Fruit are small, dry, hairy, oblong, seed-like achenes. From May to July, fragrant pink flowers are borne in ball-shaped heads at the leaf axils near the stem tips. Flowers are followed by seed-bearing capsules approximately 2 inches long. Characteristics: Dark green lance-shaped leaflets, up to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide, are borne on wiry stems. They should germinate in one to three months.Cuttings: Stem cuttings dipped in a rooting hormone rootin about six weeks.Division: Plants can be divided in the fall. Axil: The angle between a stem and the upper side of a leaf. Leaves are alternate, up to 4 inches long and 3⁄4 inch wide, becoming smaller as they ascend the stem. Characteristics: Square, narrow, dark-green stems support deep green leaves, 2 to 3 inches long and 1 inch wide, with toothed margins. Division: Plants can be divided most any time of year. It adapts to both moist and dry soils. Upper leaves are sessile, while lower leaves have petioles. It also tends to self-seed and naturalize, so remove seed pods before they split if spreading is not desired. It needs at least two hours of sun each day to bloom well. Characteristics: Leaves are sword-like and 12 to 15 inches long. They are 6 to 8 inches long, 2 to 3 inches wide and pubescent underneath. USDA Plants Database. Stems produce a white milky sap, with the exception of Butterfly Milkweed, which produces a clear sap when cut. However, like the other milk-weeds, the sap may irritate the skin, so gloves are recommended when taking cuttings or handling the plant. Corolla: The second lowest series of flower parts, composed of petals. Light enhances germination so cover the seeds lightly with the germination medium.Cuttings: Stem cuttings dipped in a rooting hormone root in about six weeks.Division: Divide plants at their crown in fall or early spring. Palmate: A leaf that is radially lobed, like the spokes of a wheel. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect capsules in late summer before they split and release their seeds. Deadheading also will discourage seed dispersal and spread. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds from August to October. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect capsules whey they turn tan. Landscape Uses: Blue Mistflower is best used in areas where it can multiply freely. Erect Goldenrod, S. erecta, also grows in Georgia and is similar to Showy Goldenrod. Divide plants every two years to maintain their vigor. Others spread by dispersing seeds and establishing new colonies of seedling plants. From late spring to early summer, flower heads, 2 to 3 inches across, are borne on stalks rising 2 to 4 feet. American Beauties Native Plants. Harvest fruit in Mayor June, remove the seeds from the pulp, then plant them in outdoor flats or beds. Leaves are rough textured, 3 to 6 inches long and 1⁄2 inch wide, lance-shaped, with an occasional purple tinge. Remove silky tails from the seeds, then store the seeds dry at 40°F for four to six months. Dust the cut ends with a fungicide before planting. Some Indian tribes used Wild Indigo for medicinal purposes. Native Lespedezas have leaves that are broadest at the center and have pink to purple blooms, while Chinese Lespedeza has leaves that are broadest at the tip and white blooms flecked with purple. Two additional native species, Trailing Lespedeza, L. procumbans, and Creeping Lespedeza, L. repens, have pink blooms. Landscape Uses: Use Blue Wild Indigo in wildflower meadows, butterfly gardens and perennial borders. Store them dry at 40°F be-fore planting them in outdoor beds or flats in early January. It spreads slowly and is not aggressive. 1975. Tepals are 3 to 4 inches long and 1⁄2 inch wide. Landscape Uses: Plant Wood Anemone adjacent to paths in moist woodlands with filtered shade. Division: Divide plants in the fall or winter by breaking apart segments of the rhizomes. The disk flowers turn dark red-purple with age. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Place mature seed heads in a paper bag to dry and release their seeds. The plant is drought-tolerant once established. It is not a good competitor and can easily be choked out by more aggressive species. Leaves are opposite and pinnately compound. Habitat: Moist hardwood forests, meadows and fields, Native To: Maine, south to Georgia, west to Mississippi, north to the Dakotas. Rhizomes are long, thin and brittle. Landscape Uses: Use Coral Bean as a background plantin perennial borders or along woodland edges. A rooting hormone enhances root formation.Division: Established clumps also can be divided in fall or spring. Native Science; North Georgia History; Reports; INDIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM. The style of each flower has two long, curved branches that protrude above the flowers. Sow them directly in outdoor beds or flats. Deadheading and lightpruning after initial flowering encourages repeat bloom. The plant spreads aggressively by rhizomes. The seeds also require light to germinate, so cover them lightly with the germination medium. The plant spreads by rhizomes and seeds. Soak seeds in water for 12 hours before planting. Store them dry at 40°F, then plant them in mid-December in outdoor beds. A basal rosette of leaves turns reddish-bronze in winter. Propagation: Seed or cuttingsSeed: Collect pods when they turn tan and begin to split inspring. Comments: Some authorities feel this plant has the most beautiful flowers of all the plants in the Amaryllis family. Landscape Uses: Use Virginia Iris along the edges of streams or ponds, in drainage ditches or in water gardens. Wildflowers of the … Propagation: Seed or cuttingsSeed: Collect seeds when capsules split. Grow the seedlings in containers for one to two years before transplanting them into the landscape.Cuttings: Root cuttings having at least three buds can becollected in winter and transplanted to flats.Division: Plants can be divided in spring after flowering. Remove the seeds from their capsules and store them dry at 40°F for planting in November or December. Timber Press, Portland, OR. Size: 2 to 4 feet high and 2 to 3 feet wide, Native To: Massachusetts to the north Georgia mountains, west to Texas, north to Wyoming. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Harvest seeds in October or November. Pappus (pl. Characteristics: Stem leaves are alternate, lance-shapedand have toothed margins. Habitat: Wet meadows, mountain outcrops and marsh margins, Native To: New York to Wisconsin, south to Louisiana and Florida. Characteristics: Upright sturdy stems bear oblong leaves up to 8 inches long with reddish veins. pappi): A bristly, feathery or fluffy whorl crowning the ovary or fruit of plants in the Asteraceae (syn. It prefers fertile, sandy-loam soil and partial shade. Cultural Requirements: Small’s Beardtongue prefers moist, acidic, well-drained sandy soil and sun to partial shade. Comments: Scaly Blazing Star is one of the earliest Liatris to bloom. Comments: Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod is not an aggressive spreader like some of the other Goldenrod species. Cultural Requirements: Large-flowered Coreopsis prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect seeds in the fall when fruit are dark blue and becoming soft. Landscape Uses: Use Dwarf Violet Iris in the front of a perennial border where it can be seen. This publication describes an assortment of wildflowers worthy of landscape culture. Place them in a paper bag to dry and release their seeds. Sow seeds in outdoor beds orflats and cover them lightly with the germination medium.They should germinate in three to six months.Cuttings: Take root cuttings in late winter just as new buds are sprouting. Seeds are borne in capsules. Bright scarlet flowers arise from the upper leaf margins throughout the growing season. Comments: Wild Geranium seeds attract mourning doves and bobwhite quail. It is often found growing in hemlock forests. Plants with a single leaf seldom flower. It is prohibited if the plants are rare or endangered, or if they are located on land owned by the state or federal government. It may get leaf-spot disease in hot, humid weather so be prepared to spray with a fungicide, if necessary. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds when the capsule is soft, about 10 to 12 weeks after flowering. Leaves along the stem are smaller than the basal leaves and oval in shape. In June or July, sparsely flowered racemes, 4 to 5 inches long, bear creamy yellow pea-like flowers up to 1⁄2 inch long. The flowers are followed by green berries that change to red, then orange as they mature. Many wildflowers are not self-fertile; therefore, to produce fertile seeds, several seedlings need to be planted in close proximity in order to cross. Comments: The flowers attract hummingbirds and bees. Habitat: Deciduous hardwood forests, open woodlands and clearings, Native To: Wisconsin, south to Texas, east to Florida. They should germinate in January or February of the following year. Submit sightings of wildflowers. White star-shaped flowers, approximately 1 inch across, arise from the leaf axils in the spring. It is alsoa good cut flower for floral arrangements. Fruit are small, dry, cone-shaped achenes surrounded by numerous fine bristles. They should germinate in two to three weeks at 70°F.Division: Divide plants when they are dormant. The flowers attract a variety of butterflies. Habitat: Moist meadows, river flood plains, drainage ditches and other low-lying areas, Native To: Massachusetts, south to Florida, west to Texas, north to Minnesota. It can be an aggressive spreader when provided its ideal growing environment. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Collect capsules when they turn brown. The narrow inflorescence consists of numerous showy yellow com-pound flowers, each about 1⁄4 inch across. Size: 11⁄2 to 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide, Habitat: Dry, open woods and upland prairies, old fields, pastures and roadsides, Native To: Maine to northern Florida, west to New Mexico, north to Montana. Plant them directly in flats, covering them lightly with the germination medium. Characteristics: Longbract Wild Indigo has loosely branched stems that bear alternate, tri-foliate, clover-like leaves. This "top spot" in the reference list will be a native plant organization in each state. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds three to four weeks after flowering. Upper leaves are sessile (lack petioles) and leaf pairs are united at their base to form a cup. Cultural Requirements: Black-eyed Susan prefers fullsun and moderate moisture. There are dozens of cultivars, many having a high resistance to powdery mildew disease. They may take up to two years to germinate, so patience is a virtue.Division: Divide plants in the fall or winter by breaking apart segments of the rhizomes. It bears its flowers on a single unbranched stem, while Showy Goldenrod bears its flowers on branched stems. Pinnate: Feather-like in structure, with the parts (leaflets) arranged on both sides of a center line (midrib or midvein). Place them in a paper bag to dry and release their seeds. Comments: There is a great deal of confusion among botanists as to the correct classification of this plant. They arise from the upperleaf axils from May to July. Although native grasses and sedges are included in this definition, they are described separately in Part IV of this native plant publication series. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA. The stem appears to be passing through the leaves. Characteristics: This is a compact clump-forming plant with narrow, lustrous green leaves that radiate around the stem. Stems tend to creep along the ground. They occur naturally in many diverse habitats, but in order to bloom and grow well, they need at least a half day of full sun. Each flower consists of a short tube and five rounded, spreading lobes. Comments: The flowers attract bees and butterflies. It may requirestaking to hold it upright. Cultural Requirements: Solomon’s-seal requires shade and consistent moisture. Hardiness Zones: All of Georgia. Propagation: Seed, cuttings or divisionSeed: Harvest seeds when flower heads become white and fluffy in the fall. Cultural Requirements: This plant prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Stem leaves become progressively smaller as they ascend the stem. Size: 2 to 3 feet tall and 2 to 2 1⁄2 feet wide, Habitat: Prairies, dry open woods and ravines. They are widely spaced along a hairy, sticky stem. Some authorities say H. americana is the same as H. nobilis var. Armitage, Allan M. 1997. From July to September, yellow two-lipped flowers with purple spots are borne in dense terminal spikes. Landscape Uses: This plant is best used as a groundcover in shady, moist woodlands. This set of 25 photos is a sampling of some of my favorite species from the state of Georgia. Native To: Illinois and North Carolina, south to Florida and west to Texas and Arkansas. Its tall stems can flop and may require staking. There are 14 Baptisia species native to the Southeast. Store them dry at 40°F until the next February, then plant them in outdoor beds or flats.Division: Plants can be divided in early spring. Cuttings: Take stem cuttings in the spring when new growth begins to harden.Division: Divide plants in late winter. Stem leaves are arranged in pairs on the stem. Native To: Louisiana to Florida, north to West Virginia, west to Kentucky. From April to July, white pea-like flowers (up to 1⁄2 inch ong) are borne in terminal clusters (racemes) rising above the foliage. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds in spring and plant them in outdoor flats right away. Provide good air circulation among plants to prevent powdery mildew disease. Store them at 40°F for planting in September in outdoor beds or flats. Habitat: Sand hills, old fields, roadsides, dry pinelands and sandy deciduous forests, Native To: Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, south to Florida, west to Texas, north to Oklahoma. Habitat: Granite outcrops in the Piedmont, rocky barrens and glades, Native To: The Piedmont regions of Georgia and Alabama. An alternate method is to stratify the seeds at 40°F for one month, then plant.Cuttings: Stem cuttings from firm new growth can be taken in spring.Division: Divide rhizomes in spring. Landscape Uses: Use Black Cohosh to brighten shady areas in the landscape, such as butterfly gardens and perennial borders. It needs help climbing a support. It will adapt to dry sites. Good air circulation between plants will discourage powdery mildew disease. Propagation: SeedSeed: Collect fruit in November and remove the seeds from the pulp, then plant them in outdoor flats or beds in December. Self-seeding and spread may be a problem. Sow them the next spring in outdoor beds or flats. It does well in both clay and sandy soils. Cultural Requirements: Ironweed prefers full sun and moist acidic soil, but it also will adapt to dry soil. Germination should occur in about two weeks.Cuttings: Stem cuttings can be taken throughout the year. Habitat: Dry, sandy areas, pastures and thin soils around rock outcrops, Native To: Maine to Florida, west to Texas, north to Missouri and Michigan. Is there a place where native plants make up most of the landscape? Store the seeds dry at 40°F for two months before planting them in outdoor flats. Propagation: Seed or divisionSeed: Collect seeds in August. In mid-summer, nodding (downward facing) orange flowers, up to 4 inches across with protruding stamens, appear in racemes at the end of flower stalks. Cut back the plant to the ground prior to spring growth. Nutlet: One of several small, nut-like parts of a compound fruit. Germination should occur in two to four weeks.Division: Divide plants from late winter to early spring. Germination should occur in about a week.Cuttings: Stem tip cuttings can be taken from new, hardened growth.Division: Rhizomes can be divided in spring. 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