Assembly language was … *The language is specific to a particular processor family and environment. The second-generation languages, or 2GL, are also low-level assembly languages. First Generation Computers refer to ones with vacuum tubes and were really huge and required vast amounts of electricity. These languages are consists of statements which is similar to human statements. Second-generation programming language: | |Second-generation programming language (2GL)| is a generational way to categorize |... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The term was coined to provide a distinction from higher level machine independent third-generation programming languages 3GL such as COBOL and earlier first-generation programming languages … The sizes of computer were smaller than first generation & were called as mini computer. Second Generation Languages: Robot-Oriented Programming. 2GL or second-generation language is assembler (sometimes called "assembly") language. The second generations of programming languages are still used to write programs for electronic controls using microprocessors like computerised copier machine, computerised telephone billing etc. The instructions were given through the front panel switches of these computers, directly to the CPU. Third generation language : In the third generations of programming languages, English language with symbols and digits were used to write the programs. Second-generation programming languages have the following properties: *The code can be read and written by a programmer. These are languages that are written with human-readable code and commands that still are tied to specific system architectures but present an easier development environment and some abstraction. – toniedzwiedz Jan 5 '15 at 15:27. This amount of awesomeness seems sufficient to justify an RFC on the subject. I think programming language generations SHOULD somehow correspond to jet fighter generations. There is no consensus definition of five generations of programming languages, although 4th-generation language or “4GL” was a very important marketing term about 20-30 years ago — I’ll get to that at the bottom. Ah, this brings back memories, back when fifth generation languages would soon be so easy to use that most programmers would be out of a job. Programming in second generation languages may yield speed benefits, but several disadvantages have lead to its decline: Programming is expressed in terms of individual processor instructions, rather than higher level logic. The assembly language is much easier than the machine language because they used mnemonics code for each instruction and this made it very easy to write the code by the programmer. They were 10 times faster than first generation computer. Source for information on Generations, Languages: Computer Sciences dictionary. In contrast, in the days when computers were being developed there was just one language—machine language. In 1982, a comparative review by Shin and Bonner described the situation very well when it said "Robot Languages have been developed in an ad hoc manner to meet the needs of a particular robot, thereby … Which makes them an upgraded version of third generation languages. 3GL or third-generation language is a "high-level" programming language, such as PL/I, C, or Java. They are sometimes used in kernels and hardware drives, but more commonly used for video editing and video games. Generations Of Programming Languages, programming languages, languages, programming, computer programming. Fourth-generation language (4GL), Fourth-generation computer programming language. Each generation of languages has a higher level of abstraction. In this generation, assembly language and high-level programming languages like FORTRAN, COBOL were used. Second-generation programming languages have the following properties: The code can be read and written by a programmer. The term was coined to provide a distinction from higher level third-generation programming languages (3GL) such as COBOL and earlier machine code languages. 1st Generation Language (1GL) – also known as the machine language used to program the 1st generation computer and system development like interface, modem, hardware, CPU programming, all the low level embedded program, etc. That is, the programmer specifies what has to be done (i.e., what the output should be) instead of how the task is to be performed. 2. Machine language is also called low-level programming language because it is very hard to understand fix by a human but easily understood by computers. The code can be read and written by a programmer. Programming in second generation languages may yield speed benefits, but several disadvantages have lead to its decline: Programming is expressed in terms of individual processor instructions, rather than higher level logic. Low-level memory and hardware details must be manually managed which is often bug-prone. The first generation languages, or 1GL, are low-level languages that are machine language. The term was coined to provide a distinction from higher level third-generation programming languages (3GL) such as COBOL and earlier machine code languages. Second-generation programming languages have the following properties: Lines within a program respond directly to processor commands, essentially acting as a mnemonic device overlaying a first generation programming language. First Generation: A first generation (programming) language (1GL) is a grouping of programming languages that are machine level languages used to program first-generation computers. 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