(See Local Providers Partnering in Regional Native Plant Campaigns). It contains 12,000 plant photos for easier identification, realistic illustrations and species distribution maps. The mushroom cap varies in color from yellow-orange to scarlet red. Here’s just one example, Dwarf Crested Iris! A pictorial guide for identification of Helianthus species. A widespread species with a cosmopolitan distribution, it is a medium-sized puffball with a round fruit body tapering to a wide stalk. Key to Leaves of Virginia Trees (for use with the 4-H tree identification project) by Dr. Jeff Kirwan and James Ward I've got my leaf, let's get started! Although these were open-grown, I also found plenty growing in the woods around Glen Alton and White Rocks campground. The leaves are opposite and quite varied…, Trauvetteria carolinensis In late spring and early summer, look for Tassel Rue growing along the banks of mountain streams. They tend to occur on the lower part of the stem, and some may form a loose basal rosette–…, Chimaphila maculata Such a dainty, intriguing flower! At our house, we welcomed the new year with a walk in the woods with our new puppy, Grace. About this book . Click on a species name below to view images. Return to: Browse Plant Names Plant Identification BOTNET Welcome. These were photographed growing along a steep roadside embankment on Brush Mountain in Southwest Virginia. Vol. It was just growing in a roadside ditch that hadn’t been mowed yet. Then I took a couple steps closer and nearly…, Impatiens capensis Jewelweed or touch-me-not is a tall annual that grows in moist areas, usually along the banks of streams, rivers and ponds. Below are some photos of the bounty of mushrooms they collected. Large drifts of wood betony could be found growing in the woods behind the hotel there. The app does not need an Internet connection to run, so you… Spring is advancing quickly now that the temperatures have warmed up, and the number of species currently in bloom is astounding. Some find the places in Virginia, the habitats, to be good neighborhoods. The alternate leaves are ovate to spatulate, narrower at the base than at the tip. As…, Phallus ravenelii I know this is kind of gross, but I believe in equal opportunity. Blue cohosh is a tall perennial—growing 2 to 3…, Melanthium virginicum or Veratrum virginicum For a few years now, I’ve been seeing this large, grass-like plant growing in odd clumps up on Salt Pond Mountain, but I didn’t really know what it was. Banner photographs courtesy Gary P. Fleming. The tall spikes can grow 1 to 2 feet high over a basal rosette of shiny green leaves. Tended by invisible hands, miniature gardens are bursting from the forest floor with color and promise. Traditionally,  the shape of a plant was often used to discern its medicinal uses, and so the shape of this flower, with its open mouth exposing the throat, led to it being used as a…, Lysimachia ciliata Yellow loosetrifes have 5 yellow petals; this species differs from the others in a couple of ways. Herbarium Specimens -- Ginkgo biloba L. Click on the image to get a larger view. 1: 58. The flowers of this herb are small and inconspicuous, but the profusion of delicate blue-green leaves (for which the plant is named) make up for the lack of showy flowers. Note the slender, linear leaves and overall dark color (green to purple) of the foliage. As the name implies, the stems and leaves of this native are covered in downy hair. The leaves (see photo below) are opposite,…, Prunella vulgaris As the name would suggest, heal-all has been used to treat all kinds of maladies in the past. The robust mushrooms seen above are commonly called Yellow Gym or Yellow Gymnopilus. The hanging, white flowers…, Lobelia spicata This small-flowered lobelia has striking white to pale blue flowers that are borne on an unbranched stem (12-36 inches). It was wonderful to find these gorgeous red mushrooms mixed in among the falling leaves of Chestnut Oak and Sourwood trees. A growing number of regional native plant guides are available that highlight the beautiful variety of Virginia’s native plants! There are two honey mushroom species pictured in this gallery—both are parasitic on hardwood trees. This low-growing, creeping perennial has shiny green leaves arranged in a rosette. Here it is in June at Pandapas Pond, near Blacksburg. Weeks have gone by with little rain and fall mushrooms in our area of Virginia have been somewhat scarce lately. In the early…, Canadian Lousewort or Wood Betony Pedicularis Canadensis Wood Betony is a native wildflower that often grows in large colonies. The flowers, borne on long pedicels, are light to dark pink with purple spots inside. The app does not need an Internet connection to run, so you can use it no matter how remote your wanderings take you. The petals are lilac-purple to blue-white, and sometimes the…, Fringed Polygala or Gaywings Polygala paucifolia At first glance, the color and texture of this flower call to mind an orchid. ‎The FLORA OF VIRGINIA PROJECT (www.floraofvirginia.org) presents the complete app for learning about the plants of Virginia, whether a wildflower from a weedy roadside, a shrub from a coastal dune, or a tree from a deep Appalachian hollow. Sweet Everlasting! Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. I know, that’s…, Bittersweet. Virginia DCR Native Plant Finder. The leaves are somewhat toothed and blue-green in color. This year, I was lucky enough to be up there when it was blooming, and I literally gasped when I saw…, Apocynum cannabinum If you’re trying to identify this plant for the first time, you might reasonably assume it is a kind of milkweed. Click for iOS devices. The Flora of Virginia will be a one volume manual for plant identification of 3800 native and naturalized species occurring in Virginia The manual will feature 1435 core species illustration and 35 illustrated plates to assist in identification of species of difficult genera $19.99. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky.University Press of Kentucky. Trout Lilies were open in all their yellow splendor by March 20th! The plant prefers dry, rocky, limestone hillsides, banks and ravines. Check boxes for all that apply. There are approximately 3800 vascular plant species found in Virginia, some found exclusively in the state. Armillaria mellea has a distinct ring, or annulus on the stipe and a partial veil when new; the gills are attached; the color is typically honey yellow. Some of the yellow flowers were photographed…, Silene latifolia On my way to work early this morning, a stand of showy White Campion caught my eye. Raindrops tend to bead up on the leaves, giving it a “bejeweled” appearance in sunshine. Please explore…, In the interest of getting things started again here at Virginia Wildflowers, I am copying some photos from last spring to re-familiarize you with the progression of spring flowers that may be blooming in your area now. The elaborate flowers are only…, Caulophyllum thalictroides Coming up now in rich hardwood coves is a historically important medicinal plant called blue cohosh. Just take a look at some of the photos below… Skullcaps are in the Mint…, Leucanthemum vulgare or Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Here’s a flower that everyone knows: the daisy! The top of the cap is burnt orange and smooth when young; the rim is…, Agalinis tenuifolia (Gerardia tenuifolia) Slender Gerardia is a native annual that grows to about 2 feet in height. Each leaf is 1 to 2 inches in length, rounded at the tip, and strongly veined. Instead of looking it up at home – or worse, never figuring it out – we present to you: the Flora of Virginia app. Grass-like plants Grasses, sedges, and other plants with long, narrow leaves Key Characteristics Leaves consisting of a narrow blade and a tubular sheath around the stem; small, inconspicuous flowers without obvious sepals and petals Exceptions Some non-grasses have very narrow leaves but produce showy flowers Compare the involucral bracts of sunflowers. $19.99. That’s because they grow quickly and then “melt” into a pool of black ooze that looks like INK. I spotted this plant today (July 13) on a Forest Service road near Poverty Creek/Pandapas Pond Recreation Area. Sweet! See more ideas about Flora, Plants, Native plants. Today I found drifts of them growing along the roadside next to Big Stoney Creek in Giles County. The FLORA OF VIRGINIA app is based on the FLORA OF VIRGINIA book, … The…, Lycoperdon pyriforme On a hike to the War Spur trail in late September, and then again at Pandapas Pond in late October, I found these mushrooms growing in abundance, on decaying logs. The coppery-green leaves? On first glance, I thought it was “just Phlox”, which started to bloom in the woods near Blacksburg recently. Learn more about the trees you love! I’ve been out wandering these last few weeks, keeping a close watch on the ground for the “first signs…, It was a deliciously early spring here in southwest Virginia. After 10 years of work, the newly published Flora of Virginia is a hefty tome (almost 7 lbs.) The FLORA OF VIRGINIA app is based on its predecessor, the FLORA OF VIRGINIA book published by the Flora of Virginia Project in partnership with the Virginia Department of … Virginia Round leaf Birch, Betula lenta var. At my house, where I have a small woodland surrounding my home, I had Hepatica and Bloodroot flowers blooming on March 17th! The Flora of Virginia has won several awards, including the Thomas Jefferson Award for Conservation. The entire plant consists of a stem that is purplish to green, yellow or brown. Also, the flowers of this plant always face downward (nodding), such that you have to turn them over…, Platanthera orbiculata I was pleasantly surprised to spot a tall spike of white flowers in the forest above Mountain Lake Lodge yesterday. This dainty member of the evening primrose family has 4-petalled,…, Solanum carolinense Horse nettle is a perennial native that is a member of the potato family of plants. You’ll find it flowering in August and September, but your timing will have to be right. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Locally known in Southwest Virginia as swamps or bradleys, Lactarius volemus is an edible mushroom species. The FLORA OF VIRGINIA app is a complete guide for learning about the plants of Virginia, whether a wildflower from a weedy roadside, a shrub from a coastal dune, or a tree from a deep Appalachian hollow. The morphology of the flower is interesting at each stage of development–from new buds to maturity. Colorado: Soapstone Prairie Wildflower Identification Sheets; Durango Plants: Colorado Plants; Colorado Native Plant Society: Native Plant Photos and Slide Show; Southeastern Flora of the United States; Missouri Plants ; Florida Virtual Herbarium: Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden . The leaves are opposite, ovate to lanceolate, and have lightly toothed margins. There are several daisy-like flowers in our area, but this one, Oxeye Daisy, is probably the most common in fields and along roadsides in late spring and summer. But something tells me that’s about to change! The Flora App puts all the contents of the Flora of Virginia in your pocket. The flowers are star-shaped, white to purple in color, with 5 lobes. Where did the summer go? There is one flower per…, Trillium undulatum Oh, where do I start with this uncommon wildflower? It just goes to show you, if you never get around to spreading your mulch, it will eventually become a garden of its own! (The veil is evident on one of the mushrooms.) The cities in this region include Danville, Lynchburg and Martinsville. I recently spotted it at two of my favorite hiking places along the Blue Ridge Parkway: Rock Castle Creek Gorge and Crabtree Falls. Wild azaleas don’t grow like the familiar, compact…, Adam and Eve Orchid or Putty-root Orchid Aplectrum hyemale Putty-root orchid is found throughout Virginia in moist forests, but it is often obscured by other herbaceous growth in the spring and summer, and by leaf litter in the fall and winter. The “leaves” of the plant…, Diphasiastrum digitatum or Lycopodium digitatum Clubmosses (Lycopdodiaceae) are ancient evergreen perennials that can be spotted easily in the winter woods when all the other forest floor plants are “sleeping”. The guide carefully notes similar looking plants and provides a link to the similar plant’s description. Gobs of showy, purplish flowers cover the top of this tall native plant and provide an important source of nectar for insects–especially migrating butterflies– at this time of year. Generally, Jimsonweed flowers open at night and last only one day. that includes both native and naturalized plant species found in Virginia. The form that most of us know, the garden variety, was imported from Europe and then popularized in American gardens. Click for Android devices. Virginia SOL History and This region, which includes the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains, is … or Click for iOS devices. Tree Identification. It grows 3-8 inches in height, and…, Chelone Fishmouth, snakemouth, turtlehead…  The common names of this flower come from the 2-lipped shape, which calls to mind an animal’s gaping mouth. The small flowers of tassel rue grow in a panicle at the top…, The New River Valley Mushroom Club met at Pandapas Pond in late August for a 4-hour mushroom foray. This diminutive species is common in urban areas because it likes to grow in wood…, Aster… I have a limit as to how long I’ll try to key out difficult flowers, and I’ve hit mine with the fall asters! Get a copy of Common Native Trees of Virginia and our Common Native Shrubs and Woody Vines books [Tree and Shrub Identification Books] Download for free, purchase at select office locations or purchase on-line to be shipped; These sheets have diagrams and text to help you learn (PDF format): The two-lipped, tubular flowers are borne on…, Hieracium caespitosum (H. pratense) I’ve been spotting a new wildflower around town this week, and I even saw it a couple of days ago on top of Salt Pond Mountain, near Mountain Lake. Armillaria tabescens is ringless; the…, Lactarius volemus The genus name of this mushroom refers to the “milky” latex that quickly flows when the flesh of the mushroom is cut or broken. The rosy pink or purple flowers…, or Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis This beautiful red and yellow flower grows in thin soil on rock ledges and along rocky slopes in woods, ravines and bluffs. Each flower head has 30 or more ray flowers…, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae You’ll recognize this prolific fall bloomer: New England Aster can be found growing locally in both home gardens and open meadows. The leaf margin is usually gently toothed. The warts on the cap will…, Now here’s a great name for a flower if I ever did hear one. When fully ripe, each berry…, Rhododendron calendulaceum May is the time to look for the wild and magnificent Flame Azalea! Weed Identification Guide Fall is at once beautiful and melancholy…  the mesmerizing glory of scarlet leaves against a clear blue sky…the ominous…, Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel  or American Witchhazel is a native shrub or small forest understory tree that grows 10-30 feet in height. The FLORA OF VIRGINIA app is a complete guide for learning about the plants of Virginia, whether a wildflower from a weedy roadside, a shrub from a coastal dune, or a tree from a deep Appalachian hollow. Species: Common Name: Family: Abies fraseri Acer negundo Acer rubrum Acer pensylvanicum Acer saccharum Achillea millefolium ... *identification questionable. Bear in mind, however, that many of the Flora’s "waifs" are mapped in the Digital Atlas due to differences in criteria for inclusion. It includes detailed identification keys and descriptions for the 3164 native and naturalized species that are found in Virginia. Frankly, I find this very distracting! Dozens of individual blooms are borne on stout umbels at the top of a 2-5 ft. tall plant. Even from the road I could tell it was something unusual. Here’s my advice: Run–Do Not Walk– to your favorite wildflower location in Virginia! Most of the photos you will find on this website were taken by me, near my home in southwestern Virginia. The Flora of Virginia (Weakley, Ludwig & Townsend 2012) provides an even longer appendix of "Taxa Not Treated in this Manual" that contains virtually every plant ever rumored to be in Virginia. uber, is a small tree with a wild population found only in ONE Figure 6 Map of Betula lenta var. Fall is rushing toward closure, and with it– the leaves are falling from the sky and stacking up like piles of newspaper around me. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Flora of Virginia describes approximately 3200 taxa in 200 families and features 1400 captioned, scaled, and botanically accurate illustrations. I was in search of another orchid (purple fringed orchid) that I had seen in that area in June a few years back,…, Platanthera grandiflora Ooo-la-la!! Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society. It is a beautiful…, Here we are at the end of October… Yellow maple leaves are falling steadily around me, with a little help from light rain. The group of 25 “hunters” scoured the forest and then met up again at the picnic tables to sort and identify their finds. Most of the remaining populations occur here in Montgomery County (Southwest VA). When she grows up, she’ll be my new photography assistant, but for now, she just tags along and enjoys all the great smells in the…, Lycopodium obscurum or Dendrolycopodium obscurum This is the last of three New Year’s posts about local varieties of clubmoss. Weeds Guides. Others can't stand the place. It is off-white with a top covered in…, Calvatia gigantea Well, it’s officially October! In early May, you’ll notice the flower stalks emergining from the ground. The flowers bloom at…, Scutellaria serrata Here’s a beautiful wildflower! Lacking leaves, it is a non-photosynthetic plant; it gets its nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi. The remarkable thing about witch-hazel is its odd bloom time: September-October-November! Shaggy Manes are a kind of mushroom commonly referred to as “inky caps”. One look at the purple stems and prickly fruit of this plant will tell you why. But—under the protection of hemlock trees in my…, Hygrocybe punicea A late October surprise: A profusion of Crimson Waxy Caps growing along the Skullcap Trail in the Jefferson National Forest! About the Book Foundation of the Flora of Virginia Project Inc. and Botanical Research Institute of Texas Press have collaborated to publish the Flora of Virginia, the first formal update to the state's flora since 1762!Flora of Virginia describes approximately 3,200 taxa in 200 families and features 1,400 captioned, scaled, and botanically accurate illustrations. The gills also vary from white to orange to red. The trumpet-like or funnel-shaped flowers are yellowish-orange with…, Pyrola americana Also flowering in June is another member of the Wintergreen Family: Round-leaved Pyrola. Regional guide (campaign to be launched) for City of Charlottesville and counties of Fauquier, Rappahannock, Culpeper, Madison, Orange, Greene, Louisa, Albemarle, Fluvanna, Nelson and Buckingham, Regional campaign under development for the counties of Roanoke, Botetourt, Craig, Giles, Montgomery, Floyd and Pulaski and the cities of Roanoke, Salem and Radford. Usage Requirements. Virginia CZM is a network of state agencies and coastal localities, led by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. In flower it is…, Ghost Flower, Corpse Plant, or Indian Pipe Monotropa uniflora This wildflower lacks chlorophyll and is non-photosynthetic. Regional campaign and guide for City of Richmond, and counties of Henrico, Hanover, Chesterfield, Charles City, New Kent, Powhatan, Goochland, Cumberland, and Amelia, Regional campaign and guide for counties of Caroline, King George, Spotsylvania, and Stafford and City of Fredericksburg, Regional campaign and guide for counties of Loudoun, Prince William, and Fairfax and cities of Alexandria, Arlington, Falls Church and Manassas, Regional guide (campaign to be launched) available for cities of Chesapeake, Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Hampton, Poquoson, Newport News, Hopewell, Colonial Heights, Petersburg, Emproia and counties of Prince George, Sussex, Surry, Southampton, Isle of Wight, James City, York, Greensville (eastern side) and Gloucester, Regional campaign and guide for counties of Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond and Westmoreland, Regional campaign and guide for counties of Accomack and Northampton. Whenever I find things in the woods that I’ve never seen before,…, Datura stamonium Jimsonweed is also called purple thorn apple. As a mushroom, Lion’s Mane is just a mass of white spines,…, Gymnopilus luteus It is October, and the mushrooms are popping everywhere–in the grass, on logs and mulch, and of course on the forest floor. There were a lot of them growing in the same area, with many lying on the ground “deliquescing” while others were still emerging…, Lycoperdon perlatum This information is taken directly from Wikipedia: “This mushroom, popularly known as the common puffball, warted puffball, gem-studded puffball, or the devil’s snuff-box, is a species of puffball fungus in the family Agaricaceae. Bur Marigold is a composite with 6 to…, Corallorhiza odontorhiza Here is a small, leafless orchid that can be found growing in local forests in the fall. Click the logos below to learn more about current regional native plant marketing campaigns, and to download the regional native plant guides distributed by the campaigns. First…, Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Look for this biennial plant, June through September, in pastures, meadows, and along roadsides. Note the pointed tip on this colorful “waxcap” mushroom that makes it look like a little witches’ hat. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries List of Native and Naturalized Fauna of Virginia April, 2018 (* denotes naturalized species; ** denotes species native to some areas of Virginia and naturalized in other areas of Virginia) Common Name Scientific … You may recognize the flower and leaves as bearing some similarities to common garden vegetables like potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. The photos above show the leaves arranged on the flowering stem in an alternate pattern, without petioles and gently clasping. Two petals are joined together to make a tube; a third, lower petal is fringed. Right now, there are autumn-blooming asters everywhere that bear alternate, lanceolate leaves that lack petioles and clasp the stem. Thanks to branching, it is a tad bushier than Ground Cedar, so each individual plant ends up looking like a tiny hemlock or pine tree. The gallery below shows two Coker’s Amanita mushrooms before they erupted from the bulb, and then again a few days later. While searching for something else, I practically stumbled on this little pink firebomb up in the woods at Mountain Lake. Examine the photo…, Bidens cernua In late summer and early fall, you might come across this showy little sunflower growing in wet places. The 2-6-inch leaves are alternate and oval with wavy margins. When fully dry, the hard seeds inside these boxes will rattle when shaken, giving rise to another common name, Rattlebox. Look what I found! When they are…, Hericium erinaceus Just in time for Halloween: Fungi with TEETH! When I was a college student in the way-back-when, the clubmosses were all called “Lycopodiums”…, Lycopodiella alopecuroides I went to the coast for Christmas this year and was lucky to get out for a nice walk at a Nature Conservancy property while I was there. This region, which includes the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains, is rich in biodiversity. The complicated structure, complete with wing-like sepals, resembles a flying bird or airplane. They grow from 3 to 5 ft. tall in brilliant masses; this group was photographed along the side of the road at Primland in Meadows of Dan. Virginia is a great place to live - according to some people. A delicate white mushroom growing in my mulch pile! It is hard to miss this plant because the flower stalks are tall and straight and they are topped with sunny yellow flowers…, Galax urceolata Wandflower, Galax, or Beetleweed The white spikes of galax rise up like magic wands in late May and June in the woodland forests of Appalachia. Order here: Click for Android devices. I found four or five of these mushrooms, growing under a group of hemlock trees, and a whole bunch more on my neighbor’s property, coming up under pines. Only in Virginia! In order to obtain carbon, it forms a parasitic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi that grow on tree roots. I know December is not the best time of the year for botanizing, but I took my camera anyway… I would have been happy to…, Ludwigia alternifolia The cute little square seed pods of Ludwigia alternifolia, or Seedbox, are drying now in winter fields along with other stars of summer, like Queen Anne’s Lace and Ironweed. 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