Palace of Versailles served as a hunting lodge of King Louis XIII. Palace of Versailles, former French royal residence and center of government, now a national landmark. King Louis XIV chose the sun as his emblem; he was known as the Sun King. May 30, 2016. The Palace of Versailles in an enchanting place where art and nature are perfectly combined. It is located in the city of Versailles in northern France, 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of Paris. Louis XIII, King of France since 1610, commissioned in 1623 a hunting lodge in the village of Versailles near Paris. Versailles is a Chateau which in French means, castle. Most of the marble came from the Pyrenees and only the white marble was imported from Carrara, in Italy, the quality of which could not be matched by any French. It was the fifth – and final – chapel built in the Palace since the reign of Louis XIII. It may now be famous for being one of the biggest, and most opulent residences ever constructed anywhere in the world, but the Palace of Versailles had more humble origins. When you visit the Palace of Versailles inside, concentrate all your energy in this part of the Palace for a … Conclusion The Palace of Versailles was built to impress. Behind the palace, the ground falls away on every side from a terrace adorned with ornamental basins, statues, and bronze groups. The Palace of Versailles . After an extensive 72 years and 100 days on the throne, he died at the Palace of Versailles. The Palace of Versailles by Peter Kessler, 30 August 2008 : It was in 1623 that King Louis XIII of France had a hunting lodge built at Versailles-au-Val-de-Galie. The Grand Trianon is a spectacular colonnaded structure of pink marble opening onto a central courtyard. The Palace of Versailles was built during King Louis XIV's reign and contains 700 rooms, extensive gardens, and lavish decoration. Versailles is famous for a palace built in the 1600s under the guidance of King Louis XIV. Construction of the Royal Chapel was completed in 1710 at the end of the reign of Louis XIV. The ostentatious monarch built the Grand Apartment of the King and Queen which included the magnificent Hall of Mirrors before moving both his court and the government of France to Versailles in 1682. The original residence was primarily a hunting lodge and private retreat for Louis XIII (reigned 1610–43) and his family. 10 amazing facts about the Palace of Versailles. The Palace of Versailles was originally the hunting lodge of France’s King Louis XIII, but was transformed into a magnificent residence by his son and successor, Louis XIV.. It was consecrated in 1710, and was dedicated to Louis IX of France, the ancestor and patron saint of the King. Thank's to it's elaborate decoration, that represents the royalty and majesty of French Kings. It took 36,000 workers and almost twenty years to build his new palace in Versailles (12miles from Paris). The Palace of Versailles, France’s extravagant former royal residence, was one of the most expensive building projects in history. 4 Kings 1 Palace – Versailles. Versailles is a city in France . The construction of the Palace of Versailles was finally completed near the end of Louis XIV’s life. It is the king of building material and was the King's favourite. Palace of Versailles Facts. More information The palace of Versailles, which was built by King Louis XIV, cost the french citizens millions in tax dollars, creating an even weaker lower class in France at the time. As the center of the French court, Versailles was one of the grandest theaters of European absolutism. Because by the time Versailles was built, we’d executed one king and exiled another. The Palace of Versailles stands as a testament to the power and wealth that the French royal family had before its demise. As if history was repeating itself, his five-year-old grandson was the next to be appointed as King. Palace of Versailles - Palace of Versailles - The gardens: The gardens of Versailles were planned by André Le Nôtre, perhaps the most famous and influential landscape architect in French history. Palace Versailles mirrors a fine 18th century French art and architecture making this famous French landmark a part of UNESCO’s world Heritage site. In 1624 the king entrusted Jacques Lemercier with the construction of a château on the site. The design was presented to the king by Jules Hardouin-Mansart in 1699. It started as a hunting lodge built for King Louis XIII in 1624. It's pretty understandable, as the king and queen were hardly ever alone at Versailles, with everything they did marked by ceremony and crowds of courtiers jostling for face time. The Hall of Mirrors has seen emperors proclaimed, empires taken away and empires redistributed. Everything you need to know about the 'Sun King' and the Palace of Versailles ... was built to symbolise the king’s power. The Palace of Versailles started as a small hunting lodge in 1624. This petite structure became the foundation of the most costly and beautiful buildings in the modern world. In addition to the Palace, the kings of Versailles built more intimate spaces in an attempt to gain some brief respite from courtly etiquette. Identify the most impressive features of Versailles and those artistically responsible. Originally this was the site of a hunting lodge for King Louis the Thirteenth (1601-1643, rule began in 1610). Its walls are preserved today as the exterior facade overlooking the Marble Court. Versailles was so grand and gorgeous it was symbolic of Louis XIV kingship in all its glory. The Galie Valley was a wild marshy woodland, with a small village situated alongside it, but it was rich in game and not far from the royal residence of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. By the time his great grandson was guillotined in 1793 it had a population of 60,000 and was the home to the government of France. One of the most heralded features of the Palace of Versailles is the Hall of Mirrors. What king built Versailles? Today, the public can tour the Palace of Versailles. Unfortunately, the First Architect to the King died in 1708 before the end of the works, which were finished by his Built by four men (Le Vau, Charles Le Brun, Andre Le Notre and Hardouin-Mansart) who oversaw every detail, down to the last flower planted in the extensive gardens, the famous palace has over 700 rooms, 67 staircases, 2153 windows, 6300 paintings and over 5000 pieces of furniture (many furnishings disappeared during the revolution). The Palace of Versailles was originally built as a hunting lodge for the King of France. Louis XIV commissioned the build and moved in his entire court in 1682, but is was never really finished. King Louis XIV had it built so he'd have a place to go with his mistresses and get away from the crowds at Versailles. Find out how much it cost. Louis XIV, as what was stated, wanted France to have a higher status in Europe. The King Louis XIV is the creator of this unique palace. The palace was originally a ‘small’ hunting lodge . French kings lived there for more than 100 years. Wikipedia. IV. According to the official web site of Versailles, the kings paid for improvements and changes over time. France's kings were first attracted to Versailles because of the area's prolific game. The Palace of Versailles is located at Versailles, France, and was built in 1631 in the order of Louis XIII. Construction was begun by Hardouin-Mansart in 1699, and was completed by de Corte. List of materials > Gold. Key Points. For Youtube Subscirbers - Check-out these daily specials - https://bit.ly/2H1FKgE Which French king built the Palace of Versailles- A Trivia Quiz! Versailles Palace history. It was originally constructed in 1682 under the order of King Louis XIV, the Sun King, and served as the royal residence until his grandson, Louis XVI, was removed during the French Revolution in 1789. Louis XV moved the court back to Versailles (from Paris) in June of 1722, and attained his majority as King the following year. From hunting lodge to palace. The Palace of Versailles was built in 1623 by Louis XIII. Located away from the city of Paris, as if he wanted to protect the monarchy from the quivers and the conspiracies of the capital, the stunning palace is a symbol of power. The King’s State Apartments are the King’s private rooms and the King’s business and reception rooms and include some of the most famous rooms inside the Palace of Versailles. Learning Objective . It was his son, King Louis XIV, who moved Paris’ government and court to the city of Versailles in 1682. 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