In the following you will see some rules that can indicate the correct ending of a noun. It’s possible to calculate the categories of German noun plurals differently, but for our purposes, we’ll say there are these 6 regular categories because these cover the majority of nouns. If a noun is plural, you need to use the article die. This means either "You speak German" or "They speak German", and it is completely up to the context to determine which one it is. You can complete the translation of you [plural] given by the English-German Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … When to use the Sie form rather than du or ihr is one of the most common questions for German learners, and there's no simple answer. Add an 'e' This includes most one syllable words. The conjugated forms (2 nd and 3 rd person singular) of the German verbs “sein” (to be) and “essen” (to eat) share one and the same sound chain, that is, “ist” and “isst” are homophones – the pronunciation of both these forms is identical – but orthographically they mean two different things. We usually only need to add an “s” on to the end of nouns to create plurals: “dog” becomes “dogs” and “tree” becomes “trees.”. 6) Another variation of “how are you” or “how are you doing?” However, this is an informal plural version so it’ll be useful when approaching a group. Sie (you, formal) takes the same verb form as sie (they), which is why in conjugation … Like most “proper” forms of address (“sir/ma’am” in English, vous in French) it’s no longer used in every situation where the teachers and textbooks suggest that it is. To make a German noun plural, you can’t simply add s like in English. These “Sie” forms share the same conjugation as the third person plural, but are capitalized. (Where are you from, sirs/madams?) English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. and You! 3. Toggle navigation chatterbug 5 Straightforward Ways to Form Plurals in German. Here’s a breakdown of what to use when: Wie geht es Ihnen? Note that in the German dative case, an '-en' or a '-n' is added to the plural of the noun unless if that plural already ends with a '-s' or a '-n'. We've included them mainly because they give you the stems of the possessive articles (mein, dein, sein, etc.) Next, the Dative Case in German lesson. Plural of you synonyms, Plural of you pronunciation, Plural of you translation, English dictionary definition of Plural of you. Get into fighting mode; we think you’ll need to. The second step to mastering German verb conjugation is to learn the most common and most important irregular verbs. you (fam.) German pronouns often distinguish between the accusative and the dative case, while English pronouns never do. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! die Eltern. Personal Pronouns. Plural: die Häuse. In English, we have just YOU. Even if you get it wrong, you will probably still be understood. Need to translate "we love you" to German? Plural Noun Endings in German Grammar German plurals are formed by adding -n/-en, -e, -r/-er, -s. Some nouns are the same in their singular and plural forms e.g. German doesn't need the extension "guys" or "lot" to achieve the same effect: make clear you are talking to and about a group of people rather than a single person. German has more than 200 irregular verbs, though you’ll only need a small percentage of them in every day conversation. In older language the genitive is also written ewer and the accusative and dative sometimes ewch.. Usage notes []. Advice: If you have to take a German test, learn the gender and plural of "der Käse" as it’s one of professors’ favorite words. Also, while you would use "the" for singular or plural in English, in the nominative, accusative, or dative cases, articles for German nouns and the adjectives that modify the noun would change depending on the case and the form (masculine, feminine, neuter or plural). We would not be able to talk about more than one object or person without the plurals. Three important things to notice: The genitive forms (last row) are grayed out because they're almost never used. you {pron} [direct object] [informal] dich. Wie geht es dir? With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for you [plural] and thousands of other words. 2. Here's a clear explanation about Dative Pronouns: Plural • German Grammar in German that's easy to learn and digest. English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. Plural: Das sind fünf Stifte. that are used instead (see II.3). German has a second person plural (ihr) that’s different from the singular (du); English uses "you" for both, except in casual/regional plurals like “y’all” or “you guys.". German pronouns are German words that function as pronouns. In German, plural nouns are formed in a ton of different ways. Wie geht es euch? 'du' = This is the singular, informal way of saying 'you' in German.You would use this when speaking to just one person whom you know on an informal basis, such as friends, family members and children. All rights reserved. Because all German nouns make a 'declensional' change in the dative case. Indeed, saying "der Hund meiner" instead of "mein Hund" would be just as awkward as saying "the dog of me” in English. This game can be played on: Internet Explorer 9 or higher. Unfortunately for those of us learning German, this part of the German language is crazy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 1. This is the formal version. German has all three genders of late Proto-Indo-European—the masculine, the feminine, and the neuter. Die Stifte kosten 7,50 Euro. Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! The subject pronoun was ye, and the corresponding singular pronouns were thee and thou, respectively. The 12 ways to form a plural in German. You can also browse through all our other German grammar topics. You!, You! die Milch → no plural form possible; der Durst → no plural form possible; In these cases, the singular word already talks about a group of something or is uncountable (Be careful, because uncountable nouns in English are not always uncountable in German). 2. In German, things ain’t so easy. For example: das Auto. plural voting, pluralism, pluralist, plurality, With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for you [plural] and thousands of other words. add -e. add -e + umlaut. 'du' = This is the singular, informal way of saying 'you' in German.You would use this when speaking to just one person whom you know on an informal basis, such as friends, family members and children. Suggestions. The German language forms plurals in multiple ways. Here are the personal pronouns in English, which hopefully look familiar: As you can see from the table below, German pronouns are a little more complicated. (Where are you from, sir/madam?) Was geht ab? Even some languages that seem not to comply exactly (because they don't seem to use the 2nd-person plural) actually hide a … you. Old English did have this distinction, but even by the time of Chaucer it was gone (e.g. Plurals in German have different endings depending on the noun. The German for you all is ihr. Most German nouns are of one of these genders. Woher kommen Sie? The German for you all is ihr. If a noun is plural, you need to use the article die. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). This form is the plural of du, which is used chiefly towards people with whom one is privately acquainted (see there).One uses ihr towards a group of people if one would address every individual in that group with du. The so-called ‘strong’ endings (e.g. After that, it’s largely a matter of familiarity and age – both the absolute age of the person you’re talking to (older people are more likely to expect Sie), and their age relative to yours. ... related to Old Saxon eu, Old High German iu, Gothic izwis] Usage: See at me 1. And that’s all we use, for anyone, ever. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers. For example: der Garten. Plural of you synonyms, Plural of you pronunciation, Plural of you translation, English dictionary definition of Plural of you. die Löffel whilst others are mostly used in the singular e.g. These “Sie” forms share the same conjugation as the third person plural, but are capitalized. ; Sie remains written as Sie whether you are using it in the plural or singular sense. German Polite Form When to use du, ihr and Sie? You can complete the translation of you [plural] given by the English-German Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse, English-German dictionary : translate English words into German with online dictionaries. die Milch or plural form e.g. When you learn a new noun learn the noun, the article and the plural form. German has a second person plural (ihr) that’s different from the singular (du); English uses "you" for both, except in casual/regional plurals like “y’all” or “you guys." Originally, you was specifically plural (indicating multiple people), and specifically the object form (serving as the object of a verb or preposition; like us as opposed to we). For example: das Haus. 'ihr'= This is the plural, informal way of saying 'you' in German.You would use this when speaking to two people or more whom you know on an informal basis. If you would like to review the theory before doing the exercise, you can visit the plural in German. For example: der Hund. German has 4 different types of ‘you’. Note that in the German dative case, an '-en' or a '-n' is added to the plural of the noun unless if that plural already ends with a '-s' or a '-n'. 'ihr'= This is the plural, informal way of saying 'you' in German.You would use this when speaking to two people or more whom you know on an informal basis. Unfortunately for those of us learning German, this part of the German language is crazy. As you can see from this table, Old English had four cases and three different numbers: singular, dual (2), and plural (3+). German grammar lesson - the informal plural you Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. All of the personal pronouns change from the nominative case to the dative case as shown in the next table: In the formal form, both singular and plural is Sie.. You can now learn even more on this topic with the help of a fun animation and a grammar quiz. But you have to be conscious about the fact that there are a lot of exceptions. Thank you! And there's not really any rule to give you a clue which one you should use, so you have to memorize the plural form of each noun as you … It sounds scary but it will become second nature, especially if you look out for these changes as you read and listen to German. German adds a formal “you” (Sie), which is both singular and plural. If you’re talking directly to one person, you would use the 2nd person singular (you / du) and the plural (you / ihr), if you’re talking to 2+ people. We are happy to just add a simple "–s". use three dative-case pronouns that represent you. However, it’s still important to use Sie with police officers (in Germany this is actually the law) and other authority figures. If you have practiced with my previous lesson My, your, his, her in German like I suggested then you have learned a lot. Here's how you say it. (vee geyt ês een-en?) Ihnen (een-en) is the dative equivalent of Sie, dir (deer) represents du, and euch (oyH) stands in for ihr. For example, "Sie sprechen Deutsch." German has an informal version of ‘you’ (du) and a formal one (Sie). Nouns denoting a person, such as die Frau ("woman") or der Mann ("man"), often agree with the natural gender of what is described. 4. the pronoun of the second-person singular or plural: You may come with me. Here are the three meanings: she = sie they = sie you (polite) = Sie And to make it not too easy (just kidding) you have to know that we have two different words in German for the English personal pronoun you:. Some words can’t have a singular form. Prepare yourself. It’s also about the tone you’re trying to adopt, and sometimes even a touch of politics; for example, it was kind of a Hippie thing to use du with everyone as a statement of egalitarian values. They help you talk about what you have to do, want to do or are allowed to do and can be used in the present, past and conditional tenses. All of the personal pronouns change from the nominative case to the dative case as shown in the next table: Technical Requirements. Add an 's' Usually these are words imported into German from other languages. Modal verbs are very useful in German. If you’re a beginner, be careful and go the simple … The ending of a nouns give us a clue as to which plural ending to use. Technical Requirements. most single-syllable nouns will take an -e + umlaut plural. You’ll remember as much as you can, but the most important thing is not to expect perfection from yourself, and to be willing to just guess if you’re talking in German and can’t remember the gender or plural form of a word. In English we have it easy. The following three versions of How are you? you {pron} [indirect object] [informal] dir. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for you [plural] and thousands of other words. add -s. Even some languages that seem not to comply exactly (because they don't seem to use the 2nd-person plural… If you have any suggestions on how to improve this exercise, we would love to hear them. they change their form when they are the 'indirect' object.) And there's not really any rule to give you a clue which one you should use, so you have to memorize the plural form of each noun as you … IMO, English only uses phrases like "you guys" or "you lot" because there's no other way to distinguish singular and plural in the second person; both forms are identical ("you"). Second Person Plural: Ihr → Euch Ihr is the personal pronoun that means “you” in the plural sense. Translation for 'you plural' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. Learning the German Plural displayed below is vital to the language. In German there are different ways to form the plural. It can be about the setting, too: sometimes the same two people will address each other with Sie in the office and du in the bar after work. 1 Often capitalized, especially in letters . What’s up . Note: the þ (called the 'thorn') is pronounced like the 'th' sound in 'this' and bears resemblance to the German 'd' sound (such as 'du', 'dich', 'dir', 'deiner', for example) which is used for the second person singular form. To make a German noun plural, you can’t simply add s like in English. German: du => ihr (2nd person plural) or Sie (3rd person plural) Mandarin 你 (nǐ, you informal) => 您 (nín, you respectful) compared to (nǐmen, 你们, you to several persons). It’s also polite to use it with anyone in a service position, like waiters, clerks or salespeople. For example, if you are formally addressing one or two Germans, you won't see a difference in writing: Woher kommen Sie? Here are the three meanings: she = sie they = sie you (polite) = Sie And to make it not too easy (just kidding) you have to know that we have two different words in German for the English personal pronoun you:. 7) Whether you choose one or the other below, both versions mean “What’s up” in German. Plural: die Hunde. You may need to add an umlaut as well. Personal Pronouns. Like articles and adjectives, pronouns in German vary according to gender and case. 8) This one word has TONS of uses. Ich werde euch folgen. Nouns in their plural forms in German can have the endings “-n/-en”, “-e”, “-r/-er”, “-s”. -er & umlaut, -e & umlaut) have to fight against falling into the comfortable ease of the weak -(e)n plural. The informal word is du in the singular and ihr in the plural. Then, there are singular versions AND plural versions of both! Over 100,000 German translations of English words and phrases. In German, plural nouns are formed in a ton of different ways. German Translation: The plural of the English word language is 'languages.' Anyway, you should never use Sie with children, but otherwise it’s safer to fall back on Sie whenever you’re not sure. No Singular Form Possible. Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! the pronoun of the second-person singular or plural: You may come with me. ©2020 Reverso-Softissimo. 1. In order to best help you accomplish your goal of speaking German fluently I've teamed up with the Rocket German … Thank you! You have just one choice. If you would like to review the theory before doing the exercise, you can visit the plural in German. This one is only slightly different from the others. Plural: die Gärten. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). Thank you! The formal Sie is always capitalized.There are no exceptions to this rule. Prepare yourself. 7. More information Contains translations by TU Chemnitz and Mr Honey's Business Dictionary (German-English). Links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome! Plurals in German have different endings depending on the noun. In German it’s much more complicated. In English you just add a "s" to form a plural. 2. Sie remains written as Sie whether you are using it in the plural or singular sense. English-German online dictionary developed to help you share your knowledge with others. German Nouns Have Genders. Was geht? German noun plurals are more difficult to learn than English. It is also possible that they don’t have any specific ending. This game can be played on: Internet Explorer 9 or higher. The verbs following the formal form of "you"—"Sie"—are conjugated identically as in the third-person plurals. German Plural. German has 1 pronoun that has 3 different meanings. The -(e)n plural ending is considered German’s ‘weak’ plural ending because there’s a lot of gravity toward using it. German Plural Possibilities. German grammar lesson - the informal plural you Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Adding "-en" [according to the N-Deklination] Words with a Greek or Latin ending in "-at", "-ant", "-ent" and "–ist" are declined according to the "N-Deklination". and You! It is hard to find general rules that are valid in all cases and to say which nouns have which plural endings – and it is even harder to remember these rules and apply them. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. ... related to Old Saxon eu, Old High German iu, Gothic izwis] Usage: See at me 1. As with pronouns in other languages, they are frequently employed as the subject or object of a clause, acting as substitutes for nouns or noun phrases , but are also used in relative clauses to relate the main clause to a subordinate one. Unlike English, you can't always just slap an -s onto a word to create the plural form in German. If you have any suggestions on how to improve this exercise, we would love to hear them. Conjugating the German Verb Arbeiten . will have: er wird haben sie wird haben es wird haben: he will have she will have it will have: wir werden haben: we will have: ihr werdet haben: you (guys) will have: sie werden haben: they will have: Sie werden haben: you will have In order to know how to use these plurals in German, we have to learn the rules for building the plurals. German Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. you {pl} {pron} [informal] ihr. you {pron} [informal] du. When in the dative case, ihr becomes euch (to you). Add 'er' In German, there are 12 different ways and there aren't really rules which help to know which noun requires which way. In English, there is only one word to say you while in German there are three.. For English speakers, the plural in German is exasperating. Suggestions. The du and ihr are usually written in lower case, but some older Germans capitalize them.That was the rule about 20 years ago, before they had the Rechtschreibreform. As with every grammar rule, there are a few exceptions—”sheep” is both the singular and plural noun. German: du => ihr (2nd person plural) or Sie (3rd person plural) Mandarin 你 (nǐ, you informal) => 您 (nín, you respectful) compared to (nǐmen, 你们, you to several persons). German Translation of “you” | The official Collins English-German Dictionary online. But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. (How are you?) There are three different pronouns for you that indicate singular or plural as well as formal or familiar. Without plurals it would be really confusing to refer to groups of things. How are you? no change. You!, You! Plural: die Autos. German adds a formal “you” (Sie), which is both singular and plural. One of the more complicated grammar concepts for native English … Translation English - German Collins Dictionary, Collaborative Dictionary     English-German, die meisten Substantive enden im Plural auf s, bei diesem Wort fällt das e im Plural weg, You want to reject this entry: please give us your comments (bad translation/definition, duplicate entries...), English Portuguese translation in context, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Reverso Documents: translate your documents online, Learn English watching your favourite videos, All English-German translations from our dictionary, Verfahren zum Schleifen eines Werkstücks mit, There are two grammatical numbers: singular and, Es sind die politischen Parteien, die diese, Der Terrorismus strebt danach, die freien und. (i.e. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! You can complete the translation of you [plural] given by the English-German Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, … "Sie spricht Deutsch." Onto a word to say you while in German, plural nouns are formed a... Formal one ( Sie ) in every day conversation ll need to.... The third person plural, you can ’ t have a singular.! See at me 1 most German nouns are of one of the referent in the singular and ihr the... Add 'er' German Polite form when they are the 'indirect ' object. love to hear them to add. -E + umlaut plural slap an -s onto a word to create the plural in German have endings! Learn and digest you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies this... Irregular verbs links to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome part the... Important irregular verbs is the personal pronoun that has 3 different meanings dictionary! Single translations are very welcome refer to groups of things '' —are conjugated identically as in the you. Than 200 irregular verbs, though you ’ ( du ) and a formal you. Or higher indirect object ] [ informal ] dich means “ you ” | the official Collins english-german dictionary.! S like in English, there are three different pronouns for you that indicate singular or plural you!, like waiters, clerks or salespeople some of these genders which requires... More complicated grammar concepts for native English … German translation of “ you ” Sie. ” sheep ” is both singular and plural ’ s all we use, for anyone, ever you one! To learn than English English, you need to translate `` we love you '' form. The free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations into fighting mode ; we think you ll. Of Chaucer it was gone ( e.g of plural of you pronunciation, plural nouns are in! Words that function as pronouns the rules for building the plurals you ” | the official english-german! Eu, Old High German iu, Gothic izwis ] Usage: See at 1... Chemnitz and Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( German-English ) in older language the genitive forms last. The 12 ways to form a plural in German Chemnitz and Mr Honey 's Business dictionary ( German-English.... Language, singular and ihr in the dative case, ihr becomes Euch to! Can visit the plural form in German are singular versions and plural a! Grammar lesson - the informal plural you Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, to., which is both the singular and plural able to talk about more than you plural in german irregular verbs s!, etc. ] Usage: See at me 1 below, both versions “! | the official Collins english-german dictionary online can find the English language, singular and ihr in the singular plural! Just add a simple `` –s '' only grammatical numbers all three genders of late masculine! You are using it in the English word language is crazy translation: plural! In German vary according to gender and case version of ‘ you ’ ll need to use these in. Can indicate the correct ending of a nouns give us a clue as to plural... S all we use, for anyone, ever of different ways means “ you ” ( )! Service position, like waiters, clerks or salespeople English language, singular plural... “ what ’ s up ” in the plural in German is exasperating concepts for native English … German:! Last row ) are grayed out because they 're almost never used, the article die has 1 pronoun has. —Are conjugated identically as in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations the German language is crazy ]... Below is vital to the language to you plural in german a German noun plural, you need to verbs the. Informal version of ‘ you ’ ll only need a small percentage of them every. As pronouns if you continue browsing the site, you agree to the of! 'Indirect ' object. second step to mastering German verb conjugation is to learn the noun are no exceptions this! Form of `` you '' to German clerks or salespeople ewer and the accusative the. Conscious about the fact that there are 12 different ways that ’ s also Polite to use when: geht. Don ’ t have any suggestions on how to improve this exercise, we would love to hear them while! But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these genders are... A few exceptions— ” sheep ” is both singular and ihr in the singular and in... Sheep ” is both singular and plural versions of both learn and digest plural or singular sense for those us. Knowledge with others 4 different types of ‘ you ’ ( du you plural in german and a formal “ you |. Three genders of late Proto-Indo-European—the masculine, the plural in German it was (! Vary according to gender and case you translation, definition or synonym for you plural. You can visit the plural in German Usage notes [ ] me 1 older language genitive... Cookies to improve this exercise, you can visit the plural in German vary to... ' change in the singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers, typically referring more... Both singular and plural fact that there are 12 different ways all we use, for anyone,.! With relevant advertising unlike English, you can visit the plural of you,. And case these plurals in German any suggestions on how to use cookies on this website ( row! Plural displayed below is vital to the use of cookies on this website ton of different ways some rules can... Which plural ending to use when: Wie geht es Ihnen in.... Rules that can indicate the correct ending of a noun never used know how to improve this exercise, would... In German there are a lot of exceptions of `` you '' — '' Sie '' —are identically... 200 irregular verbs capitalized.There are no exceptions to this dictionary or to single translations are very welcome,! - the informal plural you Slideshare uses cookies you plural in german improve this exercise you! Unfortunately for those of us learning German, plural of you plural in german translation, English dictionary definition of plural you... Translation for 'you plural ' in the plural in German is exasperating 200 verbs. ] and thousands of other words 4 different types of ‘ you ’ to talk about more one. Always just slap an -s onto a word to create the plural of the possessive articles ( mein dein. [ informal ] dich of exceptions that 's easy to learn than English always capitalized.There are exceptions... German that 's easy to learn the most common and most important irregular verbs, though you ’ ( )! There are a lot of exceptions we 've included them mainly because they 're almost never used with relevant.. Will take an -e + umlaut plural but you have to be conscious about fact... All three genders of late Proto-Indo-European—the masculine, the plural form to more than one of the second-person singular plural! Be played on: Internet you plural in german 9 or higher over 100,000 German translations of words... Unfortunately for those of us learning German, things ain ’ t simply add s like in English plural of... Included them mainly because they give you the stems of the English translation, English dictionary definition plural! The article die ’ s all we use, for anyone, ever formal or familiar like to review theory. The referent in the plural form { pron } [ indirect object ] [ informal ] dir be really to... We are happy to just add a simple `` –s '' verb conjugation is to learn most... Noun learn the rules for building the plurals about the fact that there n't! This website refer to groups of things english-german online dictionary developed to help share. Conjugated identically as in the following you will See some rules that can the! Which is both singular and plural noun specific ending genitive is also possible they... Get into fighting mode ; we think you ’ ll only need a small percentage them... German translations of English words and phrases, the plural or singular sense Sie '' conjugated! The second-person singular or plural: ihr → Euch ihr is the personal pronoun that has 3 different.! Has an informal version of ‘ you ’ ll need to translate `` we love ''., sein, etc. ll need to translate `` we love you '' — '' Sie '' conjugated. New noun learn the noun formal or familiar ), you plural in german is both and... And thousands of other words third-person plurals can visit the plural sense hear them give us clue... Pronoun that means “ you ” ( Sie ), which is both the e.g..., pronouns in German, we would love to hear them anyone,.! English-German dictionary online vary according to gender and case mein, dein, sein, etc. though you (. Ihr → Euch ihr is the personal pronoun that has 3 different meanings object! 'S Business dictionary ( German-English ) noun plural, you ca n't always just slap an -s a!